Skip to main content

NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Divisional Database (NClimDiv)


 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00005
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        positionName:  ISO 19115 Metadata Contact
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  1-828-271-4800
                facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                city:  Asheville
                administrativeArea:  NC
                postalCode:  28801-5001
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2022-05-17
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
return to top
    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Divisional Database (NClimDiv)
            alternateTitle:  NClimDiv (Climate Indices)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2014-03-01
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2015-03-15
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2018-11-15
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:
                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5M32STR
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NCEI DSI 9640_02
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00005
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Vose, Russell S.
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) principalInvestigator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Vose, Russell S.
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Applequist, Scott
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Applequist, Scott
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Squires, Mike
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Squires, Mike
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Durre, Imke
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Durre, Imke
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Menne, Matthew J.
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Menne, Matthew J.
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Williams, Claude N., Jr.
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Williams, Claude N., Jr.
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Fenimore, Chris
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Fenimore, Chris
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Gleason, Karin
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Gleason, Karin
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Arndt, Derek
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Arndt, Derek
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                positionName:  Scientist
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
        abstract:  This dataset replaces the previous Time Bias Corrected Divisional Temperature-Precipitation Drought Index. The new divisional data set (NClimDiv) is based on the Global Historical Climatological Network-Daily (GHCN-D) and makes use of several improvements to the previous data set. For the input data, improvements include additional station networks, quality assurance reviews and temperature bias adjustments. Perhaps the most extensive improvement is to the computational approach, which now employs climatologically aided interpolation. This 5km grid based calculation nCLIMGRID helps to address topographic and network variability. This data set is primarily used by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) to issue State of the Climate Reports on a monthly basis. These reports summarize recent temperature and precipitation conditions and long-term trends at a variety of spatial scales, the smallest being the climate division level. Data at the climate division level are aggregated to compute statewide, regional and national snapshots of climate conditions. For CONUS, the period of record is from 1895-present. Derived quantities such as Standardized precipitation Index (SPI), Palmer Drought Indices (PDSI, PHDI, PMDI, and ZNDX) and degree days are also available for the CONUS sites. In March 2015, data for thirteen Alaskan climate divisions were added to the NClimDiv data set. Data for the new Alaskan climate divisions begin in 1925 through the present and are included in all monthly updates. Alaskan climate data include the following elements for divisional and statewide coverage: average temperature, maximum temperature (highs), minimum temperature (lows), and precipitation. The Alaska NClimDiv data were created and updated using similar methodology as that for the CONUS, but with a different approach to establishing the underlying climatology. The Alaska data are built upon the 1971-2000 PRISM averages whereas the CONUS values utilize a base climatology derived from the NClimGrid data set. As of November 2018, NClimDiv includes county data and additional inventory files.
        purpose:  The U.S. Climate Divisional Dataset is the only long-term temporally and spatially complete dataset from 1895 to the present for the Contiguous United States (CONUS) from NCEI. The dataset provides temperature, precipitation and drought indices, as well as heating and cooling degree days. Coverage is provided for U.S. climate divisions, states, multi-state regions, and the nation. Text output, and static and interactive graphs are available.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) onGoing
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  1-828-271-4800
                    facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                    deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                    city:  Asheville
                    administrativeArea:  NC
                    postalCode:  28801-5001
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                    name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                    description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            positionName:  Climate Monitoring Branch
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  +1 828-271-4800
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    electronicMailAddress:  ncei.monitoring.info@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) monthly
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/metadata/images/C00005.gif
            fileDescription:  Divisional Average Temperature Ranks, January-December 2014
            fileType:  GIF
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Air Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Degree Days
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Maximum/Minimum Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Temperature Anomalies
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Temperature > Temperature Tendency
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Amount
            keyword:  Earth Science > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Precipitation Anomalies
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
            keyword:  Atmospheric - Surface - Precipitation
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2017
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Release 2017
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  World Meteorological Organization, United Nations
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://public.wmo.int/en/programmes/global-climate-observing-system/essential-climate-variables
                            protocol:  HTTP
                            applicationProfile:  Information
                            name:  GCOS Essential Climate Variables
                            description:  Overview of the GCOS Essential Climate Variables.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Land Surface
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) product
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Keyword Thesaurus Title
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Keyword Thesaurus Edition
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Keyword Thesaurus Publisher
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://geo-ide.noaa.gov/wiki/index.php?title=MD_Keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  NOAA Environmental Data Management Wiki: MD Keywords
                            description:  Instructions and examples for ISO keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Continent > North America > United States Of America
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Thermometers
            keyword:  Rain Gauges
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Fixed Observation Stations
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Monthly Climatology
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataResolution
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Temporal Data Resolution Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  Data is derived from all observations available at the time of data production.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Vose, Russell S.; Applequist, Scott; Squires, Mike; Durre, Imke; Menne, Matthew J.; Williams, Claude N., Jr.; Fenimore, Chris; Gleason, Karin; Arndt, Derek (2014): NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Divisional Database (NClimDiv). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Climatic Data Center. doi:10.7289/V5M32STR [access date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Improved Historical Temperature and Precipitation Time Series for U.S. Climate Divisions
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2014-05-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0248.1
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology (AMS Journal)
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0248.1
                            applicationProfile:  Information
                            name:  Science Paper
                            description:  Vose et al. (2014). doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0248.1
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NOAA Monthly National Climate Report
                date: (missing)
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Analysis Tool
                            name:  National State of the Climate
                            description:  A summary of national and regional temperatures and precipitation, placing the data into a historical perspective.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  U.S. Climate Divisional Dataset (TCDD)
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2014-03-01
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  gov.noaa.ncdc:C00702
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/metadata/geoportal/rest/metadata/item/gov.noaa.ncdc:C00702/html
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Information
                            name:  U.S. Climate Divisional Dataset (TCDD) (Version Superseded)
                            description:  For information on the previous version of NClimDiv, please refer to the U.S. Climate Divisional Dataset (TCDD)
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) grid
        spatialResolution:  (MD_Resolution)
            distance:
              Distance:  5000
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                extentTypeCode:  1
                westBoundLongitude:  -180.0
                eastBoundLongitude:  -66.0
                southBoundLatitude:  24.0
                northBoundLatitude:  71.5
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  ground condition
                    beginPosition:  1895-01-01
                    endPosition:
                    timeInterval:  1
return to top
    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  TXT
                version: (missing)
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  KMZ
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize: (missing)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://doi.org/10.7289/V5M32STR
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Description
                    name:  NCEI landing page for this dataset
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and links to access the data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/monitoring-references/maps/us-climate-divisions.php
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Information
                    name:  U.S. Climate Divisional Data Overview Page
                    description:  Overview of the Climate Divisional Dataset
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/nclimdiv-monthly/access/
                    applicationProfile:  Download
                    name:  NCEI Direct Download (archive)
                    description:  Direct download location for archive files
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/pub/data/cirs/climdiv/
                    applicationProfile:  Download
                    name:  NCEI Direct Download (real-time)
                    description:  Direct download location for real-time files
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/data/nclimdiv-monthly/doc/
                    applicationProfile:  Documentation
                    name:  NCEI Direct Download (dataset documentation)
                    description:  Direct download location for the documentation files
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/maps/indices-beta/
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Map Search Application
                    name:  Climate Data Online Map for Climate Indices
                    description:  View Divisional Climate Data and Products via a map interface
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cag/national/mapping
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                    name:  Climate at a Glance National Maps
                    description:  Comparisons of meteorological local, state, regional, national, data in historical perspective to determine trends.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://gis.ncdc.noaa.gov/kml/div.kmz
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  KML
                    name:  KMZ download
                    description:  Direct download KMZ files for the data
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  This dataset exhibits substantial differences with the previous Climate Divisional Dataset over the period 1895-2013. The first improvement is to the input data, which now include additional station records and contemporary bias adjustments (Menne and Williams, 2009). The second improvement is to the suite of climatic elements, which has been expanded to include both maximum and minimum temperature. The final (and far most extensive) improvement is to the computational methodology, which now addresses topographic and network variability via climatologically aided interpolation (Willmott and Robeson, 1995).
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Divisional values in NClimDiv were derived from area-weighted averages of grid-point estimates interpolated from station data. A nominal grid resolution of 5 km was used to ensure that all divisions had sufficient spatial sampling (only four small divisions had less than 100 points) and because the impact of elevation on precipitation is minimal below 5 km (Sharples et al., 2005). Station data were gridded via climatologically aided interpolation to minimize biases from topographic and network variability (Willmott and Robeson, 1995; Hamlet and Lettenmaier, 2005). In brief, this approach typically requires the creation of three grid types: first-guess grids of climate normals by month, and anomaly grids (i.e., departures from normal) for each year and month, and composite normal/anomaly grids for each year and month. The normal grids capture fine-scale detail using all stations whereas the anomaly grids capture broad departures from average using only the sites available at that time. Because anomalies exhibit less spatial variability than the mean field, the approach is usually viable for sparse networks (New et al., 2000), though some local features (e.g., inversions) may be understated if they do not occur on a climatological basis (Daly, 2006).
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  In March 2015, new Alaska data was included in the NClimDiv dataset. The Alaska NclimDiv data were created and updated using similar methodology as that for the CONUS, but with a different approach to establishing the underlying climatology. The Alaska data are built upon the 1971-2000 PRISM averages whereas the CONUS values utilize a base climatology derived from the nCLIMGRID dataset. Alaska data only includes the following elements: average temperature, maximum temperature (highs), minimum temperature (lows), and precipitation. National and derived quantities and products are not available for Alaska at this time. Please review documentation for more information.
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  In November of 2018, an additiona county-level data file was added to the NClimDiv dataset. Also, additional station inventory files were added for reference.
                dateTime: (missing)
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
                source:  sd001
            source:  (LE_Source)
                description:  Divisions are calculated using the NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Gridded Database (NClimGrid)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Gridded Database (NClimGrid)
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2014-09-01
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                    identifier: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName: (missing)
                        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/metadata/geoportal/rest/metadata/item/gov.noaa.ncdc%3AC00332/html
                                protocol:  HTTPS
                                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                                name:  Landing Page for NOAA Monthly U.S. Climate Gridded Database (NClimGrid)
                                description:  More information for NClimGrid can be found at the dataset landing page.
                                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                        role: (inapplicable)
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                        extentTypeCode:  1
                        westBoundLongitude:  -180.0
                        eastBoundLongitude:  -66.0
                        southBoundLatitude:  24.0
                        northBoundLatitude:  71.5
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimePeriod:
                            beginPosition:  1895-01-01
                            endPosition:
                sourceStep:  ps001
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
return to top
    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.