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Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), Version 4


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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), Version 4
            alternateTitle:  ERSST v4
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2015-05-26
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition:  Version 4
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.7289/V5KD1VVF
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                code:  NCEI DSI 3649_03
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                individualName:  Zhang, Huai-Min
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                        linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/marineocean-data/extended-reconstructed-sea-surface-temperature-ersst-v4
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                        name:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) v4
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        abstract:  The Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) dataset is a global monthly sea surface temperature analysis on a 2x2 degree grid derived from the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Dataset (ICOADS). The latest ERSST Version 4 (v4) is based on Version 3b (v3b). Major revisions for v4 include: updated and substantively more complete input data from the ICOADS Release 2.5 (R2.5); revised Empirical Orthogonal Teleconnections (EOTs) and EOT acceptance criterion; updated sea surface temperature (SST) quality control procedures; revised SST anomaly (SSTA) evaluation methods; updated bias adjustments of ship SSTs using Hadley Nighttime Marine Air Temperature version 2 (HadNMAT2); and a buoy SST bias adjustment not previously made in v3b. ERSST v4 is generated using in situ SST data and improved statistical methods that allow stable reconstruction when data are sparse. The monthly analysis extends from January 1854 to the present, but because of sparse data in the early years, there is damping of the analyzed signal before 1880. After 1880, the strength of the signal is more consistent over time. The product is updated monthly with the available GTS ship and buoy data for that month. Data for the time period from January 2001 to the previous month are recalculated every month. Data before January 2001 are not updated. Note that v3b data were recalculated every month for January 1985 to the previous month. The SST anomalies are computed with respect to a 1971-2000 month climatology. Local and short-term variations have been smoothed in the ERSST analysis. The product is suitable for long-term global and basin-wide SST studies, and it is used as an input to the NCEI Merged Land Ocean Surface Temperature (MLOST) product. The data are written to a monthly netCDF files with CF metadata attributes included.
        purpose:  This dataset is suitable for long-term Global and basin-specific sea surface temperature studies by the climate research, monitoring and application communities.
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            individualName:  Boyin Huang
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            fileName: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/metadata/images/C00884_May2015.png
            fileDescription:  ERSST v4 image for May 2015.
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            keyword:  Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
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            keyword:  Oceanic - Surface - Sea-surface Temperature
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            keyword:  100 km - < 250 km or approximately 1 degree - < 2.5 degrees
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            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Boyin Huang, Viva F. Banzon, Eric Freeman, Jay Lawrimore, Wei Liu, Thomas C. Peterson, Thomas M. Smith, Peter W. Thorne, Scott D. Woodruff, and Huai-Min Zhang, 2015: Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), Version 4. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5KD1VVF [access date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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                title:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 4 (ERSST.v4). Part I: Upgrades and Intercomparisons
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-02
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                      Anchor:  DOI doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00006.1
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                    organisationName:  American Meteorological Society
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                    individualName:  Huang, Boyin
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                    individualName:  Banzon, Viva F.
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                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
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                    individualName:  Freeman, Eric
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Lawrimore, Jay
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Liu, Wei
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Peterson, Thomas C.
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Smith, Thomas M.
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Thorne, Peter W.
                    organisationName:  Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Woodruff, Scott D.
                    organisationName:  Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, Colorado
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Zhang, Huai-Min
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00006.1
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  AMS Journals Online: Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 4 (ERSST.v4). Part I: Upgrades and Intercomparisons
                            description:  Publisher's access page for the journal article.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
                series:  (CI_Series)
                    name:  Journal of Climate, Volume 28
                    issueIdentification:  Issue 3, 911-930
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 4 (ERSST.v4): Part II. Parametric and Structural Uncertainty Estimations
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-02
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:
                      Anchor:  DOI doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00007.1
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  American Meteorological Society
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            city:  Boston
                            administrativeArea:  MA
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Liu, Wei
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Huang, Boyin
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) principalInvestigator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Thorne, Peter W.
                    organisationName:  Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Banzon, Viva F.
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Zhang, Huai-Min
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Freeman, Eric
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Lawrimore, Jay
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Peterson, Thomas C.
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Smith, Thomas M.
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/STAR > Center for Satellite Applications and Research, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Woodruff, Scott D.
                    organisationName:  Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, Colorado
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) collaborator
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00007.1
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  AMS Journals Online: Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 4 (ERSST.v4): Part II. Parametric and Structural Uncertainty Estimations
                            description:  Publisher's access page for the journal article.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
                series:  (CI_Series)
                    name:  Journal of Climate, Volume 28
                    issueIdentification:  Issue 3, 911-930
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) Monthly Analysis, Version 3b
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2010-09-03
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  Version 3b
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.7289/V5Z31WJ4
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) Monthly Analysis, Version 3b
                            description:  Landing page for dataset.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) project
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) grid
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                extentTypeCode:  1
                westBoundLongitude:  -180.0
                eastBoundLongitude:  180.0
                southBoundLatitude:  -90.0
                northBoundLatitude:  90.0
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:  ground condition
                    beginPosition:  1854-01-01
                    endPosition:
                    timeInterval:  1
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  netCDF
            version:  3
            specification:  NetCDF file format following Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Conventions. See resources for NetCDF and CF Metadata, at http://www.unidata.ucar.edu/software/netcdf/ and http://cfconventions.org/
        distributionFormat:  (MD_Format)
            name:  ASCII
            version: (missing)
            specification:  See ASCII format specification for ERSST v4: http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/ersst/v4/ascii/Readme
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  XML
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  1
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00884
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Description
                    name:  Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST), Version 4 Landing Page
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and access links for the dataset.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Distributed data file naming convention: ersst.v4.[YYYY][MM].nc
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/ersst/v4/
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Download
                name:  NCEI public HTTP server
                description:  Access to the product via HTTP direct download.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/ersst/v4/
                applicationProfile:  Download
                name:  NCEI public FTP server
                description:  Access to the product via FTP.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/ersst/v4/Readme.Status.Changes
                protocol:  HTTPS
                applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                name:  ERSST v4 Status Reports
                description:  Provides description of status and version changes.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode)
            extent:  #boundingExtent
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The data were produced by and are archived at the NOAA NCEI.
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Bulk metadata change applied on 2018-11-05. See version control repository history for metadata change details.