KN162L11: WHOI cruise 162 leg 11 aboard the R/V Knorr from 2001-02-11 - 2001-03-15 (NCEI Accession 0055309)


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            title:  KN162L11: WHOI cruise 162 leg 11 aboard the R/V Knorr from 2001-02-11 - 2001-03-15 (NCEI Accession 0055309)
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                date:  2011-01-14
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                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/person/details/3006 Margaret A. Rioux
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                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/742 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)
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        abstract:  Post-cruise download of raw data from shipboard computer(s) as furnished by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Shipboard Scientific Support Group and archived by the Marine Biological Laboratory Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Library for the R/V Knorr - Cruise 162 Leg 11. These data are part of a collection of ocean observation data from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution ships OCEANUS (call sign WXAQ; built 1975.00; IMO 7603617), KNORR (call sign KCEJ; built 1970.00; IMO 7738618), and the ATLANTIS (call sign KAQP; built 1997.03; IMO 9105798). The data sets are the downloads of the shipboard computers after an individual cruise. As such, they contain basic raw and processed physical and meteorological data from the cruise. A data set may include XBT, CTD, and XCTD profiles, underway thermosalinograph and atmospheric measurements, gravity and magnetic field measurements, current measurements from ADCP, and still photographs from the Alvin submersible (Atlantis cruises only). Other data types (ROV, nutrients measured from bottle samples, etc.) and photographs documenting the cruise may be included.
        purpose:  These data are the result of an effort to obtain all available Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) cruise data sets since 1998 and make them publicly available through NODC.
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/4d3420c1-c7dc-4320-a315-026066debbd6 THERMOSALINOGRAPHS
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/1bb21d0f-bf48-42b5-8e09-cc0d58407e4a SHIPS
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://vocab.ices.dk/services/pox/GetCodeDetail/SHIPC/316N KNORR (ICES code: 316N)
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            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  ICES/SeaDataNet Ship Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/4b75a3a2-9811-43b9-8f8c-64d0ae4d9ca8 OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/a186eed4-d1b4-4d11-b218-b61708a9124c OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > ARABIAN SEA
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/d7808080-aea5-48f3-b0da-78141ef6324e OCEAN > INDIAN OCEAN > RED SEA
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                edition:  9
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                            protocol:  HTTPS
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Rioux, Margaret A.; Woods Hole (2011). KN162L11: WHOI cruise 162 leg 11 aboard the R/V Knorr from 2001-02-11 - 2001-03-15 (NCEI Accession 0055309). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0055309. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                title:  Ocean observation data from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution ships Oceanus, Knorr, and Atlantis, in world-wide oceans from 1993-06-26 to 2011-08-05
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2010-11-22
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                        title:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                        date: (inapplicable)
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
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                westBoundLongitude:  39.689655
                eastBoundLongitude:  55.555085
                southBoundLatitude:  -4.608247
                northBoundLatitude:  13.750073
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                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2001-02-11
                    endPosition:  2001-03-15
        supplementalInformation:  From Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Research Cruise Database: Departed: Mombasa Kenya on 2001-02-11 Arrived: Mahe, Seychelles on 2001-03-15 Chief Scientist(s): William Johns, Univ. of Miami Operations Area: Western Gulf of Aden Science Activities: CTD, ADCP Survey, RAFOS Float Deployments and Short Term Moorings Latitude: 11-14 N Longitude: 43-50 E
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                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0055309
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                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/oas/55309
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0055309 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-01-14T06:19:43Z
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                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0055309 v1.1
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                                    description:  published 2011-01-14T06:19:43Z
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
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                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
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                code:  echo sounder
            type:  echo sounder
            description:  instrument used to determine water depth or bathymetry
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  magnetometer
            type:  magnetometer
            description:  generic instrument to measure magnetic field intensity and orientation
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  meteorological sensors
            type:  meteorological sensors
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermosalinograph
            type:  thermosalinograph
            description:  automated sea surface temperature and salinity instrument, usually attached to the hull of a ship Thermosalinograph is an automated Sea Surface Temperature and Salinity measurement system making measurement on board a ship using a water intake. [https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/tsg/about.php 2021-01-29]
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  R/V Knorr
            description:  Title: R/V Flag: United States of America Vessel Type: Research Vessel (Oceanographic) DOB: 1970 IMO: 7738618 MMSI: 367246000
            instrument: (missing)