Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the ENDEAVOR during cruise EN500 in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2011-10-12 to 2011-10-18 (NCEI Accession 0103987)


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            title:  Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the ENDEAVOR during cruise EN500 in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2011-10-12 to 2011-10-18 (NCEI Accession 0103987)
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                date:  2013-02-25
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                date:  2019-10-24
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession ID 0103987
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                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/985 Columbia University; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)
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        abstract:  NCEI Accession 0103987 includes biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the ENDEAVOR during cruise EN500 in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2011-10-12 to 2011-10-18. These data include Attenuation/Transmission, CONDUCTIVITY, CURRENT SPEED - EAST/WEST COMPONENT (U), CURRENT SPEED - NORTH/SOUTH COMPONENT (V), DEPTH - BOTTOM, DEPTH - OBSERVATION, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, FLUORESCENCE, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, LATITUDE, LONGITUDE, SALINITY, WATER TEMPERATURE, course over ground, irradiance, speed over ground and surface irradiance. The instruments used to collect these data include ADCP, CTD, GPS, PAR Sensor, echo sounder, fluorometer, oxygen meter and transmissometer. These data were collected by David Smith of The University of Rhode Island, and by University of Rhode Island; Graduate School of Oceanography as part of Rhode Island Endeavor Program (RIEP). The Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) submitted these data to NCEI as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program. A suite of navigation products produced by the Rolling Deck to Repository program is included in this accession, which include one high resolution, one 1 minute resolution, and one low resolution coordinate file. R2R provides a processed version of the CTD data. The ADCP data represent the raw data set. Post processed quality assessed data are not available in this accession.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
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              Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/datatype/details/627 surface irradiance
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              Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/insttype/details/1 ADCP
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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            keyword:  altM: Altimeter [m]
            keyword:  bat: Beam Attenuation, Chelsea/Seatech [1/m]
            keyword:  c0S/m: Conductivity [S/m]
            keyword:  c1S/m: Conductivity, 2 [S/m]
            keyword:  depSM: Depth [salt water, m]
            keyword:  flECO-AFL: Fluorescence, WET Labs ECO-AFL/FL [mg/m^3]
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            keyword:  longitude: Longitude [deg]
            keyword:  nbin: number of scans per bin
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            keyword:  sal11: Salinity, Practical, 2 [PSU]
            keyword:  sbeox0ML/L: Oxygen, SBE 43 [ml/l]
            keyword:  sbeox0Mm/Kg: Oxygen, SBE 43 [umol/kg]
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                title:  Originator Variable Names
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/ca8de50f-b795-42b7-9301-8baffe2de0f3 ADCP > Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/9b547aa7-4980-42dc-9f6b-4d35e2cc625c ECHO SOUNDERS
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/a3423d6a-ffd1-4269-9a31-08106418a986 PAR SENSORS > Photosynthetically Active Radiation Sensors
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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                edition:  9
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://vocab.ices.dk/services/pox/GetCodeDetail/SHIPC/32EV ENDEAVOR (ICES code: 32EV)
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/a4202721-0cba-4fa1-853f-890f146b04f9 OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) Program (2013). Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the ENDEAVOR during cruise EN500 in the North Atlantic Ocean from 2011-10-12 to 2011-10-18 (NCEI Accession 0103987). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0103987. Accessed [date].
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                title:  Oceanographic and meteorological data collected on expeditions of vessels in the academic fleet since 1994, submitted by the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program
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                    date:  2010-11-12
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                        title:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                title:  File format documentation for data sets submitted to the archives as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program
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                    date:  2012-04-13
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    authority:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  gov.noaa.nodc:0086548
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0086548
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  NCEI Accession 0086548
                            description:  File format documentation for data sets submitted to the archives as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program
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                      Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/person/details/4400 Arko, Robert A.
                    organisationName:
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                            electronicMailAddress:  arko@ldeo.columbia.edu
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                            name:  Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory website
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                      Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/1730 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
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                title:  R2R Cruise Catalog: EN500
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                    date:  2019-10-23
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    code:  EN500
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                            linkage: https://www.rvdata.us/catalog/EN500
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        language:
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
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                    beginPosition:  2011-10-12
                    endPosition:  2011-10-18
        supplementalInformation:  NCEI Accession 0086548 contains documentation about data sets submitted to NCEI as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program. Links directly to the documentation for each instrument package can be found in the Distribution Format section of the metadata record at http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0103987. In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0103987 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-02-25T13:06:12Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0103987 v1.1
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                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0103987/1.1
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0103987 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-11-25T13:41:57Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
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                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0103987/2.2
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0103987 v2.2
                                    description:  published 2018-11-25T13:41:57Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0103987 was revised and v3.3 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2019-10-24T10:46:58Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0103987 v3.3
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0103987/3.3
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0103987 v3.3
                                    description:  published 2019-10-24T10:46:58Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) repository
            levelDescription:  (MD_ScopeDescription)
                other:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0103987 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  echo sounder
            type:  echo sounder
            description:  instrument used to determine water depth or bathymetry
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  fluorometer
            type:  fluorometer
            description:  fluorometer
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  GPS
            type:  GPS
            description:  Global Positioning System receiver satellite-based instrument used for geo-location, positioning and navigation
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  oxygen sensor
            type:  oxygen sensor
            description:  Any instrument that measures oxygen content in a compound.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  PAR Sensor
            type:  PAR Sensor
            description:  Photosynthetically Active Radiation Sensor The PAR sensor measures global solar radiation from 400 to 700 nm, which approximates the spectral band active in photosynthesis. The response of the instrument falls sharply to zero on either side of this band, and between 400 and 670 nm it increases monotonically from about 50% to 100%. There is no protective glass dome over the receiving surface. Irradiance from the sun passes through a small white visible bandpass filter/diffuser in the shape of a horizontal disk at the top of the instrument. Within the instrument radiation is directed through a series of colored glass filters and onto a silicon photodiode detector. The factory-supplied calibration converts the signal from the detector to a flux of photons in micro-mole (of photons) s-1 m-2. (One micro-mole equals 6.022 E17 photons.) For the solar spectrum, these units may be converted to watts per square meter by dividing by 4.6. (http://www.srrb.noaa.gov/instrument/par.htm)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  transmissometer
            type:  transmissometer
            description:  transmissometer Instrument used to measure transmissivity in NODC File Alias F022.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ENDEAVOR
            description:  UNIV. RHODE ISLAND RESEARCH VESSEL
            instrument: (missing)