Navigational, physical and underway data collected aboard the Sikuliaq during cruise SKQ201511S in the Arctic Ocean, Beaufort Sea and Bering Sea from 2015-08-23 to 2015-09-26 (NCEI Accession 0145965)


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            title:  Navigational, physical and underway data collected aboard the Sikuliaq during cruise SKQ201511S in the Arctic Ocean, Beaufort Sea and Bering Sea from 2015-08-23 to 2015-09-26 (NCEI Accession 0145965)
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                date:  2016-04-02
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/5064 Suzanne M. Carbotte
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/985 Columbia University; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)
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        abstract:  NCEI Accession 0145965 includes navigational, physical and underway data collected aboard the Sikuliaq during cruise SKQ201511S in the Arctic Ocean, Beaufort Sea and Bering Sea from 2015-08-23 to 2015-09-26. These data include CONDUCTIVITY, CURRENT SPEED - EAST/WEST COMPONENT (U), CURRENT SPEED - NORTH/SOUTH COMPONENT (V), DEPTH - BOTTOM, DEPTH - OBSERVATION, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, LATITUDE, LONGITUDE, SALINITY, WATER TEMPERATURE, course over ground and speed over ground. The instruments used to collect these data include ADCP, CTD, GPS and echo sounder. These data were collected by Jennifer MacKinnon of University of California - San Diego; Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and by University of Alaska - Fairbanks as part of Observing Turbulent Fluxes in the Upper Arctic Ocean (ArcticMix). The Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) submitted these data to NCEI as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program. A suite of navigation products produced by the Rolling Deck to Repository program is included in this accession, which include one high resolution, one 1 minute resolution, and one low resolution coordinate file. R2R provides a processed version of the CTD data. The ADCP data represent the raw data set. Post processed quality assessed data are not available in this accession.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/740 course over ground
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/98 CURRENT SPEED - EAST/WEST COMPONENT (U)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/99 CURRENT SPEED - NORTH/SOUTH COMPONENT (V)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/373 WATER TEMPERATURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/1 ADCP
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/8 CTD
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/insttype/details/61 echo sounder
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/platform/details/12014 Sikuliaq
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            keyword:  altM: Altimeter [m]
            keyword:  c0S/m: Conductivity [S/m]
            keyword:  c1S/m: Conductivity, 2 [S/m]
            keyword:  depSM: Depth [salt water, m]
            keyword:  flag: flag
            keyword:  latitude: Latitude [deg]
            keyword:  longitude: Longitude [deg]
            keyword:  nbin: number of scans per bin
            keyword:  prDM: Pressure, Digiquartz [db]
            keyword:  pumps: Pump Status
            keyword:  sal00: Salinity, Practical [PSU]
            keyword:  sal11: Salinity, Practical, 2 [PSU]
            keyword:  t090C: Temperature [ITS-90, deg C]
            keyword:  t190C: Temperature, 2 [ITS-90, deg C]
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  Originator Variable Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/9b547aa7-4980-42dc-9f6b-4d35e2cc625c ECHO SOUNDERS
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/029feed6-79dc-4316-b8ac-be8f1e557f89 GPS RECEIVERS
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
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                    date:  2019-11-12
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  9
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/gcmdkey
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  GCMD Keyword Forum Page
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  100002
            keyword:  100036
            keyword:  100073
            keyword:  100074
            keyword:  100157
            keyword:  Hawaii UHDAS
            keyword:  Sea-Bird SBE-911plus
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Originator Instrument Keywords
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/1bb21d0f-bf48-42b5-8e09-cc0d58407e4a SHIPS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2019-11-12
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  9
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
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                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/gcmdkey
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  GCMD Keyword Forum Page
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:
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            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) platform
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  ICES/SeaDataNet Ship Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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                            protocol:  HTTPS
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                title:  Oceanographic and meteorological data collected on expeditions of vessels in the academic fleet since 1994, submitted by the Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program
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                    date:  2010-11-12
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                        title:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/NSF-R2R
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  NCEI Collection
                            description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
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                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                title:  File format documentation for data sets submitted to the archives as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program
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                    date:  2012-04-13
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    authority:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  gov.noaa.nodc:0086548
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0086548
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  NCEI Accession 0086548
                            description:  File format documentation for data sets submitted to the archives as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program
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                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/4400 Arko, Robert A.
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                            country:  USA
                            electronicMailAddress:  arko@ldeo.columbia.edu
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                            linkage: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/
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                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            country:  USA
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/
                            protocol:  HTTP
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                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            country:  USA
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) documentDigital
                otherCitationDetails:  File format documentation for data sets submitted to the archives as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program. This accession is updated on a monthly basis if applicable, with the latest versions of the format descriptions for data being submitted to NCEI. This accession does not contain any geophysical data.
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        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  R2R Cruise Catalog: SKQ201511S
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                    date:  2019-09-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  SKQ201511S
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                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.rvdata.us/catalog/SKQ201511S
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  R2R Cruise Catalog: SKQ201511S
                            description:  R2R Cruise Catalog: SKQ201511S
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                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/985 Columbia University; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)
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                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            country:  USA
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.rvdata.us/
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory website
                            description:  Institution web page
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
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            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) collection
        language:
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        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -168.94455
                eastBoundLongitude:  -137.316282
                southBoundLatitude:  64.131271
                northBoundLatitude:  73.372722
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
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                    beginPosition:  2015-08-23
                    endPosition:  2015-09-26
        supplementalInformation:  NCEI Accession 0086548 contains documentation about data sets submitted to NCEI as part of the Rolling Deck to Repository program. Links directly to the documentation for each instrument package can be found in the Distribution Format section of the metadata record at http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0145965. In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
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                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  ADCP (uhdas)
                version: (unknown)
                specification: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0086548/data/0-data/format/100036/
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  CTD (seasoft-raw)
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                specification: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0086548/data/0-data/format/100073/
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
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                specification: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0086548/data/0-data/format/100002/
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
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                specification: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0086548/data/0-data/format/100157/
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
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                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0145965
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  NCEI Dataset Landing Page
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            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
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                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/oas/145965
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
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                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
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                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2016-04-02T05:08:26Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v1.1
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0145965/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v1.1
                                    description:  published 2016-04-02T05:08:26Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0145965 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-11-14T06:42:43Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v2.2
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0145965/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v2.2
                                    description:  published 2017-11-14T06:42:43Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0145965 was revised and v3.3 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2019-04-16T19:12:19Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v3.3
                        date:  (CI_Date)
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0145965/3.3
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v3.3
                                    description:  published 2019-04-16T19:12:19Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0145965 was revised and v4.4 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2019-09-16T07:59:49Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v4.4
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0145965/4.4
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0145965 v4.4
                                    description:  published 2019-09-16T07:59:49Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0145965 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  echo sounder
            type:  echo sounder
            description:  instrument used to determine water depth or bathymetry
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  GPS
            type:  GPS
            description:  Global Positioning System receiver satellite-based instrument used for geo-location, positioning and navigation
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Sikuliaq
            description:  ICES request for the vessel Sikuliaq from UNITED STATES. Name : Sikuliaq Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WDG7520 Platform Class : 31 Research vessel IMO : 9578945 Commissioned Date : 2013-03-29 Current Length : 80 Built : 2011-04-11 Notes : Owner U.S. National Science Foundation, Operator University of Alaska Fairbanks,Ice-Capable Additional Information Sources: - http://www.sfos.uaf.edu/sikuliaq/ Confirmed by NOAA on 2013-07-26.
            instrument: (missing)