High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring M2_164W_57N in the Bering Sea (NCEI Accession 0157599)


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            title:  High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring M2_164W_57N in the Bering Sea (NCEI Accession 0157599)
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        abstract:  This NCEI Accession includes chemical, meteorological, physical and time series data collected from Mooring M2_164W_57N in the Bering Sea from 2013-05-06 to 2019-05-14. These data include air-sea difference of partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2), barometric pressure, oxygen, pCO2 in atmosphere, pCO2 in water, sea surface salinity, sea surface temperature and pH on total scale. The instruments used to collect these data include Bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer, Humidity Sensor, oxygen meter and thermosalinographs. The Global CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project involves international groups from 18 countries who have mounted sensors on moored buoys to provide high resolution time-series measurements of atmospheric boundary layer and surface ocean CO2 partial pressure (pCO2). The CO2 Time-series and Moorings Project is coordinated by UNESCO International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP).
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/c3b81888-8a39-4b3f-8033-4c077797bcba EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/bd24a9a9-7d52-4c29-b2a0-6cefd216ae78 EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
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        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Mooring
            keyword:  Time series
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  OCADS Study Type
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  % O2
            keyword:  %O2
            keyword:  CO2 Air QF
            keyword:  CO2 SW QF
            keyword:  Date
            keyword:  Date Time
            keyword:  H2O (mmol/mol)
            keyword:  H2O Air
            keyword:  H2O SW
            keyword:  Latitude
            keyword:  Licor Atm Pressure
            keyword:  Licor Atm Pressure (hPa)
            keyword:  Licor Temp
            keyword:  Licor Temp (C)
            keyword:  Longitude
            keyword:  Mooring Name
            keyword:  QF
            keyword:  SST
            keyword:  SST (C)
            keyword:  Salinity
            keyword:  Time
            keyword:  dfCO2
            keyword:  dpCO2
            keyword:  fCO2 Air (sat)
            keyword:  fCO2 Air (sat) uatm
            keyword:  fCO2 SW (sat)
            keyword:  fCO2 SW (sat) uatm
            keyword:  pCO2 Air (sat) uatm
            keyword:  pCO2 Air (wet)
            keyword:  pCO2 SW (sat) uatm
            keyword:  pCO2 SW (wet)
            keyword:  xCO2 Air (dry)
            keyword:  xCO2 Air (dry) (umol/mol)
            keyword:  xCO2 Air (wet)
            keyword:  xCO2 Air (wet) (umol/mol)
            keyword:  xCO2 SW (dry)
            keyword:  xCO2 SW (dry) (umol/mol)
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            keyword:  xCO2 SW (wet) (umol/mol)
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
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            keyword:
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                title:  ICES/SeaDataNet Ship Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/5488b1cc-08b2-41cf-9bd2-4a2cdd0990de OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/d85ae1ed-4b5f-440d-aaf0-7f9d605fec3b OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA
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                    date:  2019-11-12
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                edition:  9
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                            protocol:  HTTPS
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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            keyword:  Bering Sea
            keyword:  North Pacific Ocean
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Provider Geographic Names
                date: (inapplicable)
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        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Cross, Jessica N.; Monacci, Natalie M.; Musielewicz, Sylvia; Maenner Jones, Stacy (2016). High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring M2_164W_57N in the Bering Sea (NCEI Accession 0157599). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3334/cdiac/otg.tsm_m2_164w_57n. Accessed [date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
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                title:  Cross, J., J. Mathis, N. Monacci, S. Musielewicz, S. Maenner, and J. Osborne (2014). High-resolution ocean and atmosphere pCO2 time-series measurements from mooring M2_164W_57N. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Mooring_M2_164W_57N_May2013_Sep2013, Mooring_M2_164W_57N_May2014_Oct2014.
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2014
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    code:  Mooring_M2_164W_57N_May2013_Sep2013
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                    organisationName:
                      Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/179 Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            name:  Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) website
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                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                series:  (CI_Series)
                    name:  Ocean CO2
                otherCitationDetails:  [retrieved from http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/ftp/oceans/Moorings/M2_164W_57N/]
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        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng; USA
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -164.019
                eastBoundLongitude:  -164.019
                southBoundLatitude:  56.861
                northBoundLatitude:  56.861
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2013-05-06
                    endPosition:  2019-05-14
        supplementalInformation:  These data were acquired by NCEI from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NCEI. The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157599 NCEI cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/products/ocean-carbon-data-system
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2016-12-20T01:08:07Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v1.1
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
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                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0157599/1.1
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v1.1
                                    description:  published 2016-12-20T01:08:07Z
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0157599 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-10-27T23:13:17Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v2.2
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0157599/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v2.2
                                    description:  published 2017-10-27T23:13:17Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0157599 was revised and v3.3 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2019-07-03T18:01:25Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v3.3
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                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0157599/3.3
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v3.3
                                    description:  published 2019-07-03T18:01:25Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0157599 was revised and v4.4 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2020-11-20T17:49:49Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v4.4
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0157599/4.4
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v4.4
                                    description:  published 2020-11-20T17:49:49Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0157599 was revised and v5.5 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2020-12-24T11:39:38Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v5.5
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0157599/5.5
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157599 v5.5
                                    description:  published 2020-12-24T11:39:38Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Date Time; Abbreviation: Date Time; Unit: Date and Time or value; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 SW (wet); Abbreviation: xCO2 SW (wet); Unit: (μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature and measured humidity.; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CO2 SW QF; Abbreviation: CO2 SW QF; Unit: Flag for xCO2 sw (wet); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: H2O SW; Abbreviation: H2O SW; Unit: (mmol/mol) Mole fraction of H2O in air from equilibrator.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 Air (wet); Abbreviation: xCO2 Air (wet); Unit: μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air from airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface at measured humidity.; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CO2 Air QF; Abbreviation: CO2 Air QF; Unit: Quality Flag for xCO2 Air (wet); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: H2O Air; Abbreviation: H2O Air; Unit: (mmol/mol) Mole fraction of H2O in air from airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Licor Atm Pressure; Abbreviation: Licor Atm Pressure; Unit: (hPa) Atmospheric pressure at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface.; Controlled vocabulary name: BAROMETRIC PRESSURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Licor Temp; Abbreviation: Licor Temp; Unit: (C) Temperature of the Infrared Licor 820 in degrees Celsius.; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: %O2; Abbreviation: %O2; Unit: The percent oxygen of the surface seawater divided by the percent oxygen of the atmosphere at 4 feet above the sea surface. Disclaimer: The oxygen measurement is made in the equilibrated air. We have found that the oxygen does not come to complete equilibrium so any rapid changes in oxygen do not get properly captured using this system. Therefore, we tend to use the oxygen data only as a qualitative sense of the biology. It is not a quantitative measure.; Controlled vocabulary name: OXYGEN - PERCENT SATURATION; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SST; Abbreviation: SST; Unit: (C) Sea Surface Temperature.; Controlled vocabulary name: SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Salinity; Abbreviation: Salinity; Unit: (PSU) Sea Surface Salinity.; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 SW (dry); Abbreviation: xCO2 SW (dry); Unit: (μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature (dry air).; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: xCO2 Air (dry); Abbreviation: xCO2 Air (dry); Unit: (μmol/mol) Mole fraction of CO2 in air at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface (dry air).; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: fCO2 SW (sat); Abbreviation: fCO2 SW (sat); Unit: (uatm) Fugacity of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature (100% humidity). Since the measurements are taken at the sea surface, warming calculations are not necessary.; Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: fCO2 Air (sat); Abbreviation: fCO2 Air (sat); Unit: (uatm) Fugacity of CO2 in air at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface (100% humidity).; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: dfCO2; Abbreviation: dfCO2; Unit: Difference of the fugacity of the CO2 in seawater and the fugacity of the CO2 in air (fCO2 SW - fCO2 Air).; Controlled vocabulary name: AIR-SEA DIFFERENCE - PARTIAL PRESSURE (OR FUGACITY) OF CARBON DIOXIDE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pCO2 SW (wet); Abbreviation: pCO2 SW (wet); Unit: (uatm) Partial Pressure of CO2 in air in equilibrium with the seawater at sea surface temperature (100% humidity); Controlled vocabulary name: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pCO2 Air (wet); Abbreviation: pCO2 Air (wet); Unit: (uatm) Partial Pressure of CO2 in air at the airblock, 4 feet above the sea surface (100% humidity).; Controlled vocabulary name: Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - atmosphere; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: dpCO2; Abbreviation: dpCO2; Unit: Difference of the partial pressure of CO2 in seawater and air (pCO2 SW - pCO2 Air; Controlled vocabulary name: AIR-SEA DIFFERENCE - PARTIAL PRESSURE (OR FUGACITY) OF CARBON DIOXIDE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ .
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0157599 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            type:  Bubble type equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            description:  This type of equilibrators are often used on buoys. Developed by Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory and Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, the h-shaped bubble equilibrator does not require a water pump to spray water from the top. see Takahashi 1961 for more information.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            type:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            description:  Carbon dioxide gas analyzer has often been referred to as LI-COR, because a lot of researchers choose to use products manufactured by LI-COR incorporation for their carbon dioxide measurement. The main component of a carbon dioxide analyzer is a nondispersive infrared (NDIR) spectroscopic sensors to detect CO2 in a gaseous environment by its characteristic absorption. Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer works together with carbon dioxide (CO2) equilibrator (insttypes_id 184) to measure carbon dioxide in the water. To measure water carbon dioxide, water needs to be continuously supplied to a showerhead inside an equilibrator. As the water flows through the equilibrator chamber, dissolved carbon dioxide exchanges quickly with air in the headspace. This air is then sampled by the carbon dioxide analyzer to determine the mole fraction of CO2 in water.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Humidity Sensor
            type:  Humidity Sensor
            description:  HUMIDITY SENSORS are devices that receive a signal or stimulus (as heat or pressure or light or motion etc.) and responds to it, in this case humidity or some measure of the water vapor content of air.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  oxygen sensor
            type:  oxygen sensor
            description:  Any instrument that measures oxygen content in a compound.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermosalinograph
            type:  thermosalinograph
            description:  automated sea surface temperature and salinity instrument, usually attached to the hull of a ship Thermosalinograph is an automated Sea Surface Temperature and Salinity measurement system making measurement on board a ship using a water intake. [https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/tsg/about.php 2021-01-29]
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  MOORINGS
            description:  MOORINGS
            instrument: (missing)