Water temperature, salinity, and velocity including ADCP ice tracking from Bering Strait moorings A2, A3, A4 in Bering Strait from 2015-07-02 to 2016-07-10 (NCEI Accession 0164166)


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            title:  Water temperature, salinity, and velocity including ADCP ice tracking from Bering Strait moorings A2, A3, A4 in Bering Strait from 2015-07-02 to 2016-07-10 (NCEI Accession 0164166)
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                date:  2017-08-01
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        abstract:  This is an archive of data from moorings deployed in Bering Strait from summer 2015 to summer 2016. Mooring deployments were funded by the NSF-Arctic Observing Network award PLR-1304052 (PI: Woodgate, Heimbach, and Nguyen). The mooring work required 2 dedicated cruises: - in 2015 (1st - 9th July), a ~ 9 day cruise on the US vessel Norseman2 deployed the moorings. Some CTD sections were run on this cruise, and those data are archived separately. - in 2016 (7th - 15th July), a ~ 9 day cruise on the US vessel Norseman2 deployed the moorings. Some CTD sections were run on this cruise, and those data are archived separately. For 2015 to 2016, a total of three moorings were deployed: - two moorings (A2 and A4) in the US channel of the strait, - one mooring (A3) at a site just north of the strait. For 2013 to 2014, a total of three moorings were deployed. Two moorings (A2 and A4) in the US channel of the strait and one mooring (A3) at a site just north of the strait. In what follows, mooring names include a two digit suffix to represent year of deployment. Mooring names include a two digit suffix to represent year of deployment. Sites A2, and A3 were established in 1990. A2 and A3 have been occupied almost continuously (all years except 96-97) since then. Site A4 was established in 2001. Mooring location A2 is in the middle of the eastern (Alaskan side) channel. Mooring location A3 is just north of the strait, immediately east of the Russian-US EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) line. Experience has shown that site A3 samples both eastern and western channel water. Mooring location A4 is close to the Alaskan coast and allows measurement of the Alaska Coastal Current. For an overview of previous and on-going Bering Strait mooring work, please see http://psc.apl.washington.edu/BeringStrait.html. Moorings carry a variety of instruments. All records are year-round, sampling hourly or more frequently. Complete data description is included in readme file in data/0-data/BeringStraitMoorings2015to2016_versionJune2017/Bering_Strait_Moorings_2015-2016_NSFAON_ReadMe.txt Data from instruments marked with * in the table in the readme file are not included in this archive. For access to these data, please contact the named PI listed in the readme file. Data are in plain text format.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: National Science Foundation; Directorate for Geosciences; Polar Programs
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                            description:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD). 2021. GCMD Keywords, Version 10. Greenbelt, MD: Earth Science Data and Information System, Earth Science Projects Division, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). URL (GCMD Keyword Forum Page): https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/gcmdkey
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              Anchor:  https://vocab.ices.dk/services/pox/GetCodeDetail/SHIPC/3164 MOORINGS (ICES code: 3164)
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/d85ae1ed-4b5f-440d-aaf0-7f9d605fec3b OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA
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                            name:  GCMD Keyword Forum Page
                            description:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD). 2021. GCMD Keywords, Version 10. Greenbelt, MD: Earth Science Data and Information System, Earth Science Projects Division, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). URL (GCMD Keyword Forum Page): https://wiki.earthdata.nasa.gov/display/gcmdkey
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Woodgate, Rebecca (2017). Water temperature, salinity, and velocity including ADCP ice tracking from Bering Strait moorings A2, A3, A4 in Bering Strait from 2015-07-02 to 2016-07-10 (NCEI Accession 0164166). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0164166. Accessed [date].
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                    beginPosition:  2015-07-02
                    endPosition:  2016-07-10
        supplementalInformation:  Submission Package ID: WFF49K
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0164166 v1.1 was published.
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                  DateTime:  2017-08-01T18:34:14Z
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                description:  Data Type: Physical oceanographic mooring data (temperature, salinity, velocity including ADCP ice tracking) (measured); Units: SI units, given in headers (insitu degC, psu, cm/s, m-ranges, db); Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: SBE16, SBE37, 300kHz RDI Workhorse ADCP; Sampling and Analyzing Method: See readme file; Data Quality Information: See readme file.
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            organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                code:  ADCP
            type:  ADCP
            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
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                code:  CTD - moored CTD
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                code:  MOORINGS
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