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Dataset Overview | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

Physical, chemical, and biological water quality data and CTD casts collected from NOAA R/V Shenehon in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron in the Great Lakes region from 1991-04-12 to 1996-09-20 (NCEI Accession 0218895)

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This dataset includes physical and chemical data collected in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron from 1991 to 1996. All of these data were collected as part of a larger effort to monitor and assess the impacts of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) on the Saginaw Bay ecosystem. Although mussels were found in the bay in 1990, the first large recruitment did not occur until the summer of 1991. Thus, the data presented herein reflect physical and chemical conditions, and subsequent changes, during the initial years of the mussel’s invasion into the bay.
  • Cite as: Nalepa, Thomas F.; Johengen, Thomas H.; Fahnenstiel, Gary L.; McCormick, Michael J.; Lang, Gregory A.; Fanslow, David L.; Cavaletto, Joann F.; Goudy, Greg; Vanderploeg, Henry A.; Agy, Megan A. (2020). Physical, chemical, and biological water quality data and CTD casts collected from NOAA R/V Shenehon in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron in the Great Lakes region from 1991-04-12 to 1996-09-20 (NCEI Accession 0218895). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0218895. Accessed [date].
gov.noaa.nodc:0218895
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Distributor NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
+1-301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1991-04-11 to 1996-09-20
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
West: -83.9
East: -83
South: 43.6
North: 44.3
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2020-09-16
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
Submission Package ID: 5TWPHP
Purpose Soon after zebra mussels were discovered in the Great Lakes in 1988, Saginaw Bay was identified as an ideal location to assess ecological changes that might result from the filtering activities of this organism. Specific considerations that led to the decision to initiate a monitoring program in the bay were (1) at the time, the zebra mussel was not yet established in the bay, thus baseline conditions immediately prior to the mussel’s invasion could be documented; further, previous surveys of water quality parameters in 1974-80 (Smith et al., 1977; Bierman et al., 1984) could provide a longer term perspective to assess potential changes; (2) the bay had extensive areas of hard bottom, along with ideal temperature and food regimes, and thus large populations of mussels were expected to develop; (3) there existed an important commercial and sport fishery that could be affected; (4) with a natural gradient between the eutrophic inner bay and the more oligotrophic outer bay, the bay provided an opportunity to assess impacts over a wide range of trophic conditions, and; (5) the bay was an Area of Concern as designated by the International Joint Commission and the subject of remedial action by the State of Michigan. After a decade of little or no monitoring in the bay, surveys of selected physical and chemical variables not only provided information to assess changes induced by the zebra mussel, but they also provided information to assess the bay’s response to continued efforts to improve water quality.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Nalepa, Thomas F.; Johengen, Thomas H.; Fahnenstiel, Gary L.; McCormick, Michael J.; Lang, Gregory A.; Fanslow, David L.; Cavaletto, Joann F.; Goudy, Greg; Vanderploeg, Henry A.; Agy, Megan A. (2020). Physical, chemical, and biological water quality data and CTD casts collected from NOAA R/V Shenehon in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron in the Great Lakes region from 1991-04-12 to 1996-09-20 (NCEI Accession 0218895). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0218895. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
Principal Investigators
Contributors
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Points of Contact
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Related Funding Agency: Congressional appropriation through the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act of 1990
  • Related Funding Agency: NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Provider Keywords
  • Chlorophyll-a extracted
  • beam attenuation
  • chloride
  • dissolved silica
  • particulate silica
  • soluble reactive phosphorus
  • total dissolved phosphorus
  • total suspended solids (TSS)
Data Center keywords NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
Platform keywords Provider Platform Keywords
  • R/V Shenehon
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords Providers Instrument Keywords
  • LI-COR 193SB spherical (4 p) light sensor and LI-COR 1000 data logger
  • Perkin Elmer (model 2400) CHN elemental analyzer
  • Sea-Bird 19 CTD
  • Shimadzu total organic carbon analyzer (model TOC-5000)
  • Technicon Auto Analyzer II
  • Turner 10AU
  • filter
  • pH meter
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Provider Place Keywords
  • Lake Huron
Project keywords Provider Project Names
  • NOAA/GLERL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL VARIABLES OF SAGINAW BAY, LAKE HURON IN 1991-1996
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Nalepa, Thomas F.; Johengen, Thomas H.; Fahnenstiel, Gary L.; McCormick, Michael J.; Lang, Gregory A.; Fanslow, David L.; Cavaletto, Joann F.; Goudy, Greg; Vanderploeg, Henry A.; Agy, Megan A. (2020). Physical, chemical, and biological water quality data and CTD casts collected from NOAA R/V Shenehon in Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron in the Great Lakes region from 1991-04-12 to 1996-09-20 (NCEI Accession 0218895). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0218895. Accessed [date].
Access Constraints
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2020-09-16T14:29:38Z - NCEI Accession 0218895 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: DEPTH - OBSERVATION (measured); Units: meter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: na; Sampling and Analyzing Method: na; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: SECCHI DEPTH (measured); Units: meter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: secchi disk; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Secchi-disk transparency was measured by lowering a white disk that was 25 cm in diameter.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: WATER TEMPERATURE (measured); Units: degrees Celsius; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermometer; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Water temperature was obtained by placing a thermometer in a portion of water collected in the Niskin bottle immediately after it was brought to the surface.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: pH (measured); Units: pH; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: pH meter; Sampling and Analyzing Method: pH was measured for collected water upon return to dock. Meter was calibrated daily.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: CONDUCTIVITY (measured); Units: microsiemens per centimeter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: Sea-Bird 19; Sampling and Analyzing Method: A Sea-Bird CTD with a transmissometer (25-cm beam path) was slowly lowered from the surface to 1 m above the bottom. All data points were logged twice each second.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: BEAM ATTENUATION (measured); Units: m^-1; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: LI-COR 193SB spherical (4 p) light sensor and LI-COR 1000 data logger; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Photosynthetically active irradiation (PAR) was measured at a number of depths in the water column with a LI-COR 193SB spherical (4 p) light sensor and LI-COR 1000 data logger, from which the beam attenuation was calculated.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: DISSOLVED OXYGEN (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: Sea-Bird 19; Sampling and Analyzing Method: A Sea-Bird CTD was slowly lowered from the surface to 1 m above the bottom. All data points were logged twice each second.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: CHLOROPHYLL-A - EXTRACTED (measured); Units: micrograms per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Turner 10AU; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Chlorophyll (Chl) was measured in triplicate using the method of Strickland and Parsons (1972). Fifty or 100 mL of water was filtered through a 47-mm GF/F Whatman Glass Fiber filter. The filters were placed individually into amber vials containing 5 mL of cold acetone (90 %) and then stored in the freezer. W~thin 30 days, the filters were ground in cold acetone and then steeped for 24 h in the freezer. Samples were centrifuged, the extract poured into a 1-cm curvette, and readings taken with a Turner Design Fluorometer. After an initial reading, 2 drops of 1N HCL were added to the curvette and another reading taken.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: TOTAL PHOSPHORUS (measured); Units: micrograms per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Total phosphorus was determined after digesting 50 mL of unfiltered sample with potassium persulfate in an autoclave using the molybdate/ascorbic acid method.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total Dissolved Phosphorus (measured); Units: micrograms per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Total dissolved phosphorus was filtered through a pre-rinsed 0.2-µm HA Millipore filter or a 0.2-µm Nucleopore filter, digested with potassium persulfate in an autoclave and analyzed using the molybdate/ ascorbic acid method.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: Soluble Reactive Phosphorus (measured); Units: micrograms per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Soluble reactive phosphorus was filtered through a pre-rinsed 0.2-µm HA Millipore filter or a 0.2-µm Nucleopore filter and analyzed using the molybdate/ ascorbic acid method. The detection limit for this method is 0.1 µg P/L.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: AMMONIA (NH3) (measured); Units: mi; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Ammonia was filtered through a pre-rinsed 0.2-µm HA Millipore filter or a 0.2-µm Nucleopore filter and analyzed using the Bertholet reaction.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: nitrate + nitrite content (concentration) (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Nitrate+Nitrite was filtered through a pre-rinsed 0.2-µm HA Millipore filter or a 0.2-µm Nucleopore filter and analyzed using the cadmium reduction method. The detection limit for this method is 0.01 mg N/L.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: particulate silica (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Particulate silica (PSI) was determined on 100 mL aliquots of water filtered through a 0.45-mm Nucleopore filter and then extracted with 0.2N NaOH at 95•C for 30 minutes (Krausse et al., 1983). The extract was neutralized with 1N H2SO4 and silica (SiO2) concentrations were determined by the heteropoly blue method.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: dissolved silica (measured); Units: mil; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Dissolved silica was filtered through a pre-rinsed 0.2-µm HA Millipore filter or a 0.2-µm Nucleopore filter and analyzed using the heteropoly blue method.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: chloride (measured); Units: milligram; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Technicon Auto Analyzer II; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Nutrient concentrations were determined using standard automated colorimetric techniques (APHA, 1990) on a Technicon Auto Analyzer II, as detailed in Davis and Simmons (1979). Dissolved silica was filtered through a pre-rinsed 0.2-µm HA Millipore filter or a 0.2-µm Nucleopore filter and analyzed using the mercuric thiocyanide/ferric ammonium sulfate method.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: PARTICULATE ORGANIC CARBON (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Perkin Elmer (model 2400) CHN elemental analyzer; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Samples for particulate organic carbon were processed in triplicate by filtering 50 or 100 mL of sample through pre-combusted GFF filters. Filters were frozen until analysis, then thawed, acidified with 10% HCl, and dried. Measurements were made with a Perkin Elmer (model 2400) CHN elemental analyzer.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Shimadzu total organic carbon analyzer (model TOC-5000); Sampling and Analyzing Method: Samples for dissolved organic carbon were processed in triplicate by filtering 50 or 100 mL of sample through pre-combusted GFF filters. The filtrate was acidified with HCl and sparged with air for 6 minutes to remove CO2. DOC was determined using a Shimadzu total organic carbon analyzer (model TOC-5000) fitted with an auto sampler.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total Suspended Solids (TSS) (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: filter; Sampling and Analyzing Method: "Total suspended solids were determined by filtering between 500 and 2,000 mL of sample through a pre-dried, pre-weighed Whatman GFC 47-mm filter. The filters were then dried at 60•C for at least 48 h and reweighed."; Data Quality Method: expert review.
  • Parameter or Variable: total alkalinity (measured); Units: milligrams per liter; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: pH meter; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Alkalinity was determined from the milk-equivalents of acid needed to bring the pH of the water sample below 4.0 (Davis and Simmons, 1979). Twenty mL of sample was pipetted with a volumetric buret into a chemically clean polyethylene bottle that contained 5 mL of 0.01 N HCL. Additional 1 mL aliquots of acid were added if the pH was above 4.0.; Data Quality Method: expert review.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • CTD
  • Secchi disk
  • thermometer
Last Modified: 2023-05-14T12:21:31Z
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