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Dataset Overview | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Mundo fire data from Desembocadura Río Mitre, Patagonia - IMPD ARMIT001

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Fire History
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Fire. The data include parameters of fire history|tree ring with a geographic location of Santa Cruz, Argentina. The time period coverage is from 82 to -61 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Mundo, I.A.; Villalba, R.; Veblen, T.T.; Kitzberger, T.; Holz, A.; Paritsis, J.; Ripalta, A. (2017-09-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Mundo fire data from Desembocadura Río Mitre, Patagonia - IMPD ARMIT001. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/k7kp-pw08. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
noaa-fire-22517
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Distributor NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Data Center Contact
NOAA World Data Service for Paleoclimatology
828-271-4800
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 1868 CE to 2011 CE; Date Range: 82 cal yr BP to -61 cal yr BP;
Time Period 1868 to 2011
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
West: -72.78094
East: -72.78094
South: -50.44739
North: -50.44739
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Fire history in Southern Patagonia: human and climate influences on fire activity in Nothofagus pumilio forests
    • Associated Reference published 2017
      Mundo,I.A.;Villalba,R.;Veblen,T.T.;Kitzberger,T.;Holz,A.;Paritsis,J.;Ripalta,A., 2017: Fire history in Southern Patagonia: human and climate influences on fire activity in Nothofagus pumilio forests. Ecosphere, 8, , 10.1002/ecs2.1932
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2017-09-01
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: Fire is a major disturbance affecting forests worldwide with significant economic, social and ecological impacts. The southernmost forests on Earth extend continuously along the Andes from mid- to subantarctic latitudes in South America. In this region, warming and drying trends since the mid-20th century have been linked to a positive trend in the Southern Annual Mode (SAM), the leading mode of extratropical climate variability in the Southern Hemisphere. Due to the scarcity of documentary fire records and the lack of tree-ring fire histories, little is known about how wildfire activity responds to shifts in the westerly circulation pattern and associated climatic variability in the Andean region south of c. 44°S. For the first time, we applied dendrochronological techniques to reconstruct fire history from the angiosperm Nothofagus pumilio at 16 sites distributed from c. 44 to 50oS to determine relationships between fire occurrence and the two primary drivers of wildfire activity: climate variability and human activities. Partial cross-sections with fire-scars were collected from 363 trees in Argentina and Chile. Chronologies of annually resolved fire-scar dates start in 1791 and show a pattern of higher fire frequency during the 20th century, concurrent with the human occupation and colonization processes in southern Patagonia. Years of widespread fire occurring synchronously in two or more disjunct sites are associated with broad-scale climatic anomalies. Intense droughts inferred from extreme departures in temperature, precipitation and the Standardized Precipitation-Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) during the growing seasons of 1944 and 1962 are consistent with the two most severe fires at northern sites. Extended droughts, reflected by the association of fire occurrence with 6-month cumulative precipitation and SPEI, create conditions for widespread fires at the southern sites (south of c. 46°S). Regional fires were concurrent with significant positive departures of SAM during the austral spring-summer. This tree-ring fire record reveals the influences of both climate variability and human activities on fire in the N. pumilio forests across the Andes, and also establishes the feasibility of using this tree species as a natural archive of fire history.
Purpose Records of past fire occurrence from tree rings, charcoal found in lake sediments, and other proxies. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this dataset. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations. Additional information on the International Multiproxy Database (IMPD) dataset procedures are also available.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Mundo, I.A.; Villalba, R.; Veblen, T.T.; Kitzberger, T.; Holz, A.; Paritsis, J.; Ripalta, A. (2017-09-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Mundo fire data from Desembocadura Río Mitre, Patagonia - IMPD ARMIT001. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/k7kp-pw08. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Mundo, I.A.
  • Villalba, R.
  • Veblen, T.T.
  • Kitzberger, T.
  • Holz, A.
  • Paritsis, J.
  • Ripalta, A.
Originators
  • Mundo, I.A.
  • Villalba, R.
  • Veblen, T.T.
  • Kitzberger, T.
  • Holz, A.
  • Paritsis, J.
  • Ripalta, A.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Land Records > Fire History
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > fire history|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > fire history|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > fire history > fire scar dates
  • NOPU
  • Nothofagus pumilio (Poepp. & Endl.) Reiche
  • lenga
Paleoenvironmental Standard Terms (PaST) Thesaurus
  • What: age; Material: null
  • What: tree demographic and injury and fire event code; Material: wood
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords
  • Continent > South America > Argentina > Santa Cruz > Desembocadura Río Mitre > LATITUDE -50.44739 > LONGITUDE -72.78094
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Mundo, I.A.; Villalba, R.; Veblen, T.T.; Kitzberger, T.; Holz, A.; Paritsis, J.; Ripalta, A. (2017-09-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Mundo fire data from Desembocadura Río Mitre, Patagonia - IMPD ARMIT001. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/k7kp-pw08. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
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Last Modified: 2022-08-30
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