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Dataset Overview | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Common Era Evolution of Ocean Temperature

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Modeling
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Paleoclimatology Modeling. The data include parameters of paleoclimatic modeling with a geographic location of Global Ocean. The time period coverage is from 1935 to -65 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Gebbie, G.; Huybers, P.J. (2019-04-09): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Common Era Evolution of Ocean Temperature. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/gb11-ee54. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
noaa-model-26611
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Distributor NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Data Center Contact
NOAA World Data Service for Paleoclimatology
828-271-4800
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 15 CE to 2015 CE; Date Range: 1935 cal yr BP to -65 cal yr BP;
Time Period 15 to 2015
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
West: -180
East: 180
South: -80
North: 90
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • The Little Ice Age and 20th-century deep Pacific cooling
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2019-04-09
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
STUDY NOTES: This data package includes an inversion of ocean data to reconstruct the evolution of Common Era (15-2015 CE) ocean temperature (labeled OPT-0015). It also includes the output of a model simulation initialized from equilibrium in the year 15 (EQ-0015) and 1750 (EQ-1750). Output includes both the potential temperature and potential temperature anomaly fields
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: Proxy records show that before the onset of modern anthropogenic warming, globally coherent cooling occurred from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age. The long memory of the ocean suggests that these historical surface anomalies are associated with ongoing deep-ocean temperature adjustments. Combining an ocean model with modern and paleoceanographic data leads to a prediction that the deep Pacific is still adjusting to the cooling going into the Little Ice Age, whereas temperature trends in the surface ocean and deep Atlantic reflect modern warming. This prediction is corroborated by temperature changes identified between the HMS Challenger expedition of the 1870s and modern hydrography. The implied heat loss in the deep ocean since 1750 CE offsets one-fourth of the global heat gain in the upper ocean.
Purpose Computer simulations of past climate. Variables provided as model output are described by parameter keyword. In some cases the parameter keywords are a subset of all archived model output, and additional output is available upon request. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Gebbie, G.; Huybers, P.J. (2019-04-09): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Common Era Evolution of Ocean Temperature. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/gb11-ee54. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Gebbie, G.
  • Huybers, P.J.
Originators
  • Gebbie, G.
  • Huybers, P.J.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Paleoclimate Reconstructions
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleoclimatic modeling
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleoclimatic modeling
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleoclimatic modeling
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleoclimatic modeling
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleoclimatic modeling
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleoclimatic modeling
  • earth science > paleoclimate > model > ocean model
Paleoenvironmental Standard Terms (PaST) Thesaurus
  • What: notes; Material: null
  • What: age; Material: null
  • What: sea water potential temperature; Material: null
  • What: latitude; Material: null
  • What: longitude; Material: null
  • What: collection water depth; Material: null
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global Ocean > Global Ocean > LATITUDE > LONGITUDE
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Gebbie, G.; Huybers, P.J. (2019-04-09): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Common Era Evolution of Ocean Temperature. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/gb11-ee54. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Last Modified: 2022-03-22
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