Continental Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

May 2022
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2022) Rank
(out of 113 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.86 +1.55 +0.10 +0.19 Warmest 13th 2018 +1.88 +3.38
Coolest 101st 1917 -1.93 -3.47
South America +0.32 +0.58 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 41st 2015 +1.30 +2.34
Coolest 73rd 1917 -1.53 -2.75
Europe +1.39 +2.50 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 8th 2018 +2.90 +5.22
Coolest 106th 1941 -1.78 -3.20
Africa +0.97 +1.75 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 16th 2015 +1.58 +2.84
Coolest 98th 1911 -1.04 -1.87
Asia +1.50 +2.70 +0.17 +0.30 Warmest 6th 2020 +2.10 +3.78
Coolest 108th 1960 -1.00 -1.80
Oceania +1.10 +1.98 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 14th 2016 +2.07 +3.73
Coolest 100th 1913 -2.00 -3.60

Year To Date

January - May 2022
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2022) Rank
(out of 113 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.48 +0.86 +0.16 +0.28 Warmest 42nd 2016 +2.43 +4.37
Coolest 72nd 1917 -1.70 -3.06
South America +0.81 +1.46 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 14th 2020 +1.30 +2.34
Coolest 100th 1917 -1.02 -1.84
Europe +1.69 +3.04 +0.15 +0.28 Warmest 10th 2020 +2.32 +4.18
Coolest 103rd 1942 -2.19 -3.94
Ties: 2015
Africa +0.86 +1.55 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 17th 2010 +1.85 +3.33
Coolest 97th 1918 -1.04 -1.87
Asia +2.32 +4.18 +0.22 +0.39 Warmest 4th 2020 +3.09 +5.56
Coolest 110th 1969 -1.74 -3.13
Oceania +1.15 +2.07 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 7th 2016 +1.69 +3.04
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.41 -2.54

Seasonal

March - May 2022
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2022) Rank
(out of 113 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +0.72 +1.30 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 30th 2012 +2.08 +3.74
Coolest 84th 1917 -1.45 -2.61
South America +0.61 +1.10 +0.14 +0.24 Warmest 23rd 2020 +1.35 +2.43
Coolest 90th 1917 -1.15 -2.07
Ties: 1994
Europe +1.09 +1.96 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 19th 2014 +2.07 +3.73
Coolest 95th 1917 -1.43 -2.57
Africa +1.02 +1.84 +0.14 +0.26 Warmest 12th 2010 +1.72 +3.10
Coolest 102nd 1918 -0.96 -1.73
Asia +2.25 +4.05 +0.22 +0.40 Warmest 4th 2020 +2.65 +4.77
Coolest 110th 1911 -0.97 -1.75
Oceania +1.42 +2.56 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 3rd 2016 +2.03 +3.65
Coolest 111th 1917 -1.29 -2.32

Regional Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

May 2022
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2022) Rank
(out of 113 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.53 +0.95 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 18th 2016 +1.07 +1.93
Coolest 96th 1910 -1.08 -1.94
Atlantic MDR +0.54 +0.97 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 19th 2010 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 94th 1913 -0.91 -1.64
Ties: 2006
Gulf of Mexico +0.95 +1.71 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 7th 1943 +1.24 +2.23
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.47 -2.65
Hawaiian Region +0.23 +0.41 +0.06 +0.11 Warmest 44th 2019 +1.15 +2.07
Coolest 70th 1933 -0.96 -1.73
East N Pacific +0.45 +0.81 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 27th 2015 +1.54 +2.77
Coolest 87th 1917 -1.65 -2.97

Year To Date

January - May 2022
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2022) Rank
(out of 113 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.73 +1.31 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 5th 2016 +1.05 +1.89
Coolest 108th 1910 -1.03 -1.85
Ties: 2017
Atlantic MDR +0.60 +1.08 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 15th 2010 +1.34 +2.41
Coolest 98th 1923 -0.87 -1.57
Ties: 2004
Gulf of Mexico +0.60 +1.08 +0.03 +0.05 Warmest 11th 2020 +1.13 +2.03
Coolest 102nd 1931 -1.18 -2.12
Ties: 1932
Hawaiian Region +0.55 +0.99 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 18th 2016 +0.96 +1.73
Coolest 93rd 1910 -1.08 -1.94
Ties: 2020, 1997, 1984
East N Pacific +0.59 +1.06 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 17th 2015 +1.43 +2.57
Coolest 97th 1917 -1.35 -2.43

Seasonal

March - May 2022
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2022) Rank
(out of 113 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.64 +1.15 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 10th 2020, 2016 +1.02 +1.84
Coolest 103rd 1910 -1.01 -1.82
Ties: 2014
Atlantic MDR +0.47 +0.85 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 24th 2010 +1.51 +2.72
Coolest 89th 1913 -0.92 -1.66
Ties: 1995
Gulf of Mexico +0.58 +1.04 +0.05 +0.08 Warmest 17th 2020 +1.39 +2.50
Coolest 94th 1931 -1.48 -2.66
Ties: 2011, 1953, 1944
Hawaiian Region +0.55 +0.99 +0.07 +0.12 Warmest 18th 2017 +1.12 +2.02
Coolest 96th 1910 -1.03 -1.85
East N Pacific +0.51 +0.92 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 23rd 2015 +1.55 +2.79
Coolest 91st 1917 -1.36 -2.45

Background

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1
Regions 2

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Monthly Regional Analysis for May 2022, published online June 2022, retrieved on July 4, 2022 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/global-regions/202205.