Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin’s tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking the real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin’s tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking the real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Significant Events

The Atlantic and East Pacific are both generally quiet in November as their hurricane seasons come to a close. November 2019 was no exception. Both basins produced one tropical storm each. Tropical Storm Sebastien came just shy of becoming a hurricane, but stayed well out to sea as it moved from near the Leeward Islands to near the Azores. Tropical Storm Raymond was weaker and survived less than two days southeast of Mexico, but it managed a larger impact. Raymond's remnants merged with an upper-level cutoff low to bring winds, heavy rain, and flooding to the Desert Southwest.

The 2019 North Atlantic Hurricane active by some metrics and normal by others. The number of tropical storms and the accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) were both above normal, but the number hurricanes and major hurricanes was near normal. The East Pacific was slightly above normal in terms of tropical storms, but below average in all other categories.

November 2019 Atlantic Tropical Cyclones
Name Dates of winds
>39 mph
Maximum
Sustained Winds
Minimum
Central Pressure
Subtropical Storm Rebekah October 30-November 1 45 mph* 982 mb*
Tropical Storm Sebastien November 19-24 65 mph 993 mb
* Values occurred in October
November 2019 East Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Dates of winds
>39 mph
Maximum
Sustained Winds
Minimum
Central Pressure
Tropical Storm Raymond November 15-17 50 mph 1000 mb

North Atlantic

November 2019 Tropical Cyclone Counts
Storm Type November 2019 Rank
Period: 1981-2019*
November Average
Period: 1981-2010
November Record Value
Period: 1851-2019
Tropical Storm
(Winds ≥39 mph)
1 5th
(tied with 16)
0.7
(two out of three Novembers)
3
(1931, 2001, 2005)
Hurricane
(Winds ≥74 mph)
0 16th
(tied with 23)
0.5
(one out of two Novembers)
3
(2001)
Major Hurricane
(Winds ≥111 mph)
0 6th
(tied with 33)
0.1
(one out of ten Novembers)
1
(1912, 1932, 1934, 1985, 1999, 2001, 2008, 2016)
Accumulated Cyclone
Energy (ACE ×104 kt2)
5.7 14th 5.8 70.9
(1932)
* Tropical cyclone data before 1981 may have a low bias due to limite access to satellite data and techniques over the open ocean.
January-November 2019 Tropical Cyclone Counts
Storm Type January-November 2019 Rank
Period: 1981-2019*
January-November
Average
Period: 1981-2010
January-November Record Value
Period: 1851-2019
Tropical Storm
(Winds ≥39 mph)
18 6th
(tied with 1)
11.9 27
(2005)
Hurricane
(Winds ≥74 mph)
6 21st
(tied with 2)
6.4 14
(2005)
Major Hurricane
(Winds ≥111 mph)
3 12th
(tied with 6)
2.7 7
(1961, 2005)
Accumulated Cyclone
Energy (ACE ×104 kt2)
129.7 15th 103.6 256.9
(1933)
* Tropical cyclone data before 1981 may have a low bias due to limite access to satellite data and techniques over the open ocean.

East Pacific

November 2019 Tropical Cyclone Counts
Storm Type November 2019 Rank
Period: 1981-2019*
November Average
Period: 1981-2010
November Record Value
Period: 1949-2019
Tropical Storm
(Winds ≥39 mph)
1 3rd
(tied with 11)
0.3
(one out of three Novembers)
2
(1961, 1972, 2006, 2015)
Hurricane
(Winds ≥74 mph)
0 9th
(tied with 30)
0.2
(one out of six Novembers
1
(1957, 1961, 1982, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2014, 2015)
Major Hurricane
(Winds ≥111 mph)
0 3rd
(tied with 36)
0.0 1
(2011, 2015)
Accumulated Cyclone
Energy (ACE ×104 kt2)
1.3 15th 1.4 13.9
(2015)
* Tropical cyclone data before 1981 may have a low bias due to limite access to satellite data and techniques over the open ocean.
January-November 2019 Tropical Cyclone Counts
Storm Type January-November
2019
Rank
Period: 1981-2019*
January-November
Average
Period: 1981-2010
January-November Record Value
Period: 1949-2019
Tropical Storm
(Winds ≥39 mph)
19 15th
(tied with 3)
16.5 27
(1992)
Hurricane
(Winds ≥74 mph)
7 28th
(tied with 5)
8.9 16
(1990, 1992, 2014, 2015)
Major Hurricane
(Winds ≥111 mph)
4 21st
(tied with 3)
4.3 11
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone
Energy (ACE ×104 kt2)
96.7 27th 130.3 315.9
(2018)
* Tropical cyclone data before 1981 may have a low bias due to limite access to satellite data and techniques over the open ocean.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Monthly Tropical Cyclones Report for November 2019, published online December 2019, retrieved on May 25, 2022 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/tropical-cyclones/201911.

Metadata

https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00775