Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin’s tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking the real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Summary

Nine named storms were active globally during March, which was tied with two other years for the second most on record. However, only three of these reached tropical cyclone strength (74 mph), which was below normal. There were two major tropical cyclones (>111 mph), which was near normal, but the global accumulated cyclone energy (ACE: an integrated metric of the strength, frequency, and duration of tropical storms) was below normal.

The first Northern Hemisphere named storm of 2022 formed over the North Indian Ocean on March 4. It was a short-lived unnamed tropical storm. The lack of activity in the West Pacific in 2022 is beginning to be unusual. Only 12 of the last 41 years did not have any West Pacific storms during January-March.

The South Indian Ocean was again the most active basin during March. It contributed both of the major tropical cyclones that were observed globally in March: Gombe and Halima. Gombe formed near Madagascar, which had been hit by three storms in February. Fortunately, Gombe's impacts were minor there, but it went on to make landfall near the same part of Mozambique as Tropical Storms Ana just six weeks earlier.

The Australian region experienced four named storms in March, which was tied with eight other years for the third most on record. However, only one of these, Cyclone Charlotte, achieved tropical cyclone strength. As a result, all other metrics were below normal in March. The Southwest Pacific only had one short-lived unnamed tropical storm, which is also below normal.

North Atlantic

No North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones occurred during March 2022.

North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
1
(1908)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
1
(1908)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
5.8
(1908)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone March Counts
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 seasons)
3rd
(tied with 39 other seasons)
1
(8 seasons)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
2nd
(tied with 40 other seasons)
1
(1908, 1938, 1955, 2016)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 41 other seasons)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.3
(3 in 10 seasons)
3rd
(tied with 39 other seasons)
6.5
(1955)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-March 2022

East Pacific

No East Pacific Tropical Cyclones occurred during March 2022.

East Pacific Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
2nd
(tied with 40 other Marches)
1
(1992)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
0
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
2nd
(tied with 40 other Marches)
0.6
(1992)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone March Counts
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 seasons)
4th
(tied with 38 other seasons)
2
(1992)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 seasons)
3rd
(tied with 39 other seasons)
1
(1992, 2016)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
2nd
(tied with 40 other seasons)
1
(1992)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.8
(8 in 10 seasons)
4th
(tied with 38 other seasons)
13.9
(1992)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-March 2022

West Pacific

No West Pacific Tropical Cyclones occurred during March 2022.

West Pacific Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.5
(5 in 10 Marches)
16th
(tied with 26 other Marches)
3
(1982)
Typhoon
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.2
(2 in 10 Marches)
9th
(tied with 33 other Marches)
1
(15 Marchs)
Major Typhoon
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 Marches)
6th
(tied with 36 other Marches)
1
(9 Marchs)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.03.116th
(tied with 26 other Marches)
30.2
(2002)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone March Counts
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
01.130th
(tied with 12 other seasons)
5
(1965)
Typhoon
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.4
(4 in 10 seasons)
16th
(tied with 26 other seasons)
3
(2015)
Major Typhoon
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.2
(2 in 10 seasons)
9th
(tied with 33 other seasons)
2
(1953, 2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.05.830th
(tied with 12 other seasons)
44.7
(1958)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-March 2022

North Indian

March 2022 North Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 4Mar 4-540 mph996 mb
North Indian Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
10.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 1 other March)
1
(1994, 2022)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
0
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
1st
(tied with 41 other Marches)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.50.0
(0 in 10 Marches)
2nd0.8
(1994)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone March Counts
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
10.2
(2 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 9 other seasons)
1
(11 seasons)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 41 other seasons)
0
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 41 other seasons)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.50.2
(2 in 10 seasons)
9th1.8
(1987)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-March 2022

South Indian

March 2022 South Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Vernon Storm Track
4February 25-March 3Feb 25-Mar 3130 mph946 mb
Map of Gombe Storm Track
3March 8Mar 8-12115 mph959 mb
Map of Halima Storm Track
4March 23-April 1Mar 23-Apr 1135 mph938 mb
Value occurred in February
South Indian Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
32.24th
(tied with 13 other Marches)
5
(1994)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
21.45th
(tied with 11 other Marches)
4
(2019)
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
20.8
(8 in 10 Marches)
2nd
(tied with 8 other Marches)
3
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
22.319.114th71.2
(1994)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone March Counts
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July 2021-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
89.226th
(tied with 6 other seasons)
15
(1997)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
55.219th
(tied with 7 other seasons)
9
(1989, 1994, 1997, 2019)
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
53.13rd
(tied with 3 other seasons)
8
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
86.581.418th161.4
(1994)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July 2021-March 2022

Australia

March 2022 Australia Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Anika Storm Track
TSFebruary 25-March 2Feb 25-Mar 260 mph988 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 2Mar 240 mph1001 mb
Map of Billy Storm Track
TSMarch 13Mar 13-1770 mph989 mb
Map of Charlotte Storm Track
2March 20Mar 20-24100 mph967 mb
Value occurred in February
Australia Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
42.53rd
(tied with 8 other Marches)
5
(1999, 2004)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
11.518th
(tied with 16 other Marches)
4
(2006)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
01.026th
(tied with 16 other Marches)
3
(1999, 2004, 2006, 2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
10.519.526th54.8
(2005)
Australia Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Australia Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July 2021-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
118.89th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
17
(1984, 1999)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
44.016th
(tied with 4 other seasons)
8
(1996)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
12.023rd
(tied with 14 other seasons)
4
(1992, 1999, 2006, 2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
21.648.935th98.4
(1999)
Australia Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July 2021-March 2022

Southwest Pacific

March 2022 Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 3Mar 3-445 mph987 mb
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
11.725th
(tied with 12 other Marches)
4
(1980, 1983, 1992)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.9
(9 in 10 Marches)
28th
(tied with 14 other Marches)
4
(1983)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.5
(5 in 10 Marches)
18th
(tied with 24 other Marches)
2
(1983, 1992, 2003, 2010)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.811.236th44.0
(1992)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July 2021-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
46.333rd
(tied with 4 other seasons)
15
(1998)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
23.524th
(tied with 10 other seasons)
11
(1998)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
01.933rd
(tied with 9 other seasons)
6
(2003)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
13.347.337th127.2
(1992)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July 2021-March 2022

Global

March 2022 Global Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Vernon Storm Track
4February 25-March 3Feb 25-Mar 3130 mph946 mb
Map of Anika Storm Track
TSFebruary 25-March 2Feb 25-Mar 260 mph988 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 2Mar 240 mph1001 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 3Mar 3-445 mph987 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 4Mar 4-540 mph996 mb
Map of Gombe Storm Track
3March 8Mar 8-12115 mph959 mb
Map of Billy Storm Track
TSMarch 13Mar 13-1770 mph989 mb
Map of Charlotte Storm Track
2March 20Mar 20-24100 mph967 mb
Map of Halima Storm Track
4March 23-April 1Mar 23-Apr 1135 mph938 mb
Value occurred in February
Global Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
96.12nd
(tied with 2 other Marches)
10
(1994)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
33.722nd
(tied with 12 other Marches)
7
(2007, 2019)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
22.418th
(tied with 9 other Marches)
6
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
34.152.931st116.0
(2019)
Global Tropical Cyclone March Counts
Global Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-March 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
1918.014th
(tied with 7 other seasons)
27
(1986)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
89.730th
(tied with 6 other seasons)
14
(1994)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
55.414th
(tied with 11 other seasons)
10
(1994, 2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
114.8146.028th264.0
(1994)
Global Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-March 2022

Data Description

The data in this report are derived from NCEI's IBTrACS dataset (Knapp et al. 2010; Schreck et al. 2014). IBTrACS tropical cyclone track and intensity data from agencies and sources around the globe. In this report, data from NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) are used for the North Atlantic and East Pacific. The other basin's use data from the U.S. Military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

Historical values use the "best track" data that have been analyzed by forecasters after the season using all available data. Operational procedures and observing systems have changed with time and between regions, which makes these data heterogeneous. Intensity data are generally the most reliable since the early 1970s in the Atlantic (Landsea and Franklin 2013) and since the mid-1980s in other regions (Chu et al. 2002). The number of short-lived storms (≤2 days) has also increased since around 2000 due to improvements in observations and analysis techniques (Landsea et al. 2010).

Values for the current year are provisional values from the operational forecast advisories. IBTrACS obtains these from NCEP's TC Vitals, the NCAR Tropical Cyclone Guidance Project, and NHC provisional data. These values are subject to change during the post-season best track analysis. They also only include 6-hourly storm fixes, which means they may miss special advisories at landfall, peak intensity, etc.

The tropical cyclone seasons in the Southern Hemisphere begin in July and end in June, while the Northern Hemisphere seasons are counted from January to December. Storms are counted in all basins, months, and years in which they occur, which means some storms may appear more than once. However, the global totals only include each storm one time.

References

  • Chu, J.-H., C. R. Sampson, A. S. Levine, and E. Fukada, 2002: The joint typhoon warning center tropical cyclone best-tracks, 1945–2000. Naval Research Laboratory, Reference Number NRL/MR/7540-02-16, 22 pp., https://www.metoc.navy.mil/jtwc/products/best-tracks/tc-bt-report.html.
  • Knapp, K. R., M. C. Kruk, D. H. Levinson, H. J. Diamond, and C. J. Neumann, 2010: The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 363–376, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1.
  • Landsea, C. W., and J. L. Franklin, 2013: Atlantic Hurricane database uncertainty and presentation of a new database format. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 3576–3592, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00254.1.
  • ——, G. A. Vecchi, L. Bengtsson, and T. R. Knutson, 2010: Impact of duration thresholds on Atlantic tropical cyclone counts. J. Climate, 23, 2508–2519, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI3034.1.
  • Schreck, C. J., K. R. Knapp, and J. P. Kossin, 2014: The Impact of Best Track Discrepancies on Global Tropical Cyclone Climatologies using IBTrACS. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3881–3899, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00021.1.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Monthly Tropical Cyclones Report for March 2022, published online April 2022, retrieved on July 2, 2022 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/tropical-cyclones/202203.

Metadata

https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00775