Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin’s tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking the real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Summary

Nine named storms occurred across the globe in August. Four of those reached tropical cyclone strength (74 mph), including the first Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale Category 5 tropical cyclone (≥157 mph) of 2022: Super Typhoon Hinnamnor. With only nine named storms, August 2022 saw the fewest storms on record since 1981 when global data became more reliable. The global accumulated cyclone energy (ACE: an integrated metric of the strength, frequency, and duration of tropical storms) for August was also the lowest since 1981. The tropical cyclone activity for January-August remains below normal.

No tropical storms were active over the North Atlantic in August for just the third time since 1950. The other two years were 1961 and 1997. A major El Niño event in 1997 contributed to the lack of activity that year, but an ongoing La Niña this year would typically favor tropical cyclones over the Atlantic. There were also no hurricanes during January-August for just the seventh time since 1950, and only 1988 had less ACE over that period.

The East Pacific had three named storms including Hurricane Frank which formed during July. One storm, Hurricane Howard, became a hurricane during August. The ACE for August was the lowest since 1981, but the January-August ACE is near normal.

The West Pacific had four named storms, two of which became typhoons. The strongest was Super Typhoon Hinnamnor, which was the first Category 5 storm of 2022. It brought heavy rain and flooding as it made landfall in South Korea on September 5 and as a Category 2 storm. Despite this strong storm, the West Pacific ACE for August was about half its normal value. January-August activity remains among the lowest on record.

The North Indian Ocean had two named storms in August. Each only lasted for about 24 hours. However, only two other Augusts (1979 and 1982) have ever had a North Indian Ocean storm. This was the first time on record to have multiple storms in one August. The four named storms for January-August is tied with three other years (1992, 1996, 2007) for the most on record. No storms formed in the Southern Hemisphere during August, which is normal.

North Atlantic

No North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones occurred during August 2022.

North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
03.841st
(tied with 1 other August)
8
(1995, 2004, 2012)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
01.834th
(tied with 8 other Augusts)
5
(1893, 1995, 2004)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.9
(9 in 10 Augusts)
25th
(tied with 17 other Augusts)
3
(1886, 1893, 2004)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.026.741st
(tied with 1 other August)
119.7
(1893)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone August Counts
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
36.433rd
(tied with 6 other seasons)
13
(2020)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
02.437th
(tied with 5 other seasons)
7
(1886, 1893)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
01.025th
(tied with 17 other seasons)
3
(6 seasons)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
2.736.341st135.6
(1893)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-August 2022

East Pacific

August 2022 East Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Frank Storm Track
1July 26-August 2Jul 26-Aug 290 mph975 mb
Map of Howard Storm Track
1August 7Aug 7-1085 mph983 mb
Map of Ivette Storm Track
TSAugust 15Aug 1540 mph1005 mb
Value occurred in July
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
34.634th
(tied with 5 other Augusts)
10
(1968)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
22.418th
(tied with 15 other Augusts)
6
(1972, 2014, 2015)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
01.329th
(tied with 13 other Augusts)
4
(1972, 1993, 2014, 2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
6.438.042nd127.5
(2018)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone August Counts
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
1010.325th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
17
(1985)
Hurricane
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
75.410th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
10
(1978, 1990, 2015)
Major Hurricane
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
22.921st
(tied with 11 other seasons)
7
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
80.780.316th171.1
(1978)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-August 2022

West Pacific

August 2022 West Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Meari Storm Track
TSAugust 11Aug 11-1445 mph990 mb
Map of Ma-On Storm Track
TSAugust 22Aug 22-2570 mph985 mb
Map of Tokage Storm Track
2August 22Aug 22-25105 mph956 mb
Map of Hinnamnor Storm Track
5August 28-September 6Aug 28-Sep 6160 mph915 mb
Value occurred in September
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
46.636th
(tied with 4 other Augusts)
11
(1960, 1967, 2018)
Typhoon
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
23.933rd
(tied with 5 other Augusts)
9
(1960, 1962)
Major Typhoon
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
12.024th
(tied with 12 other Augusts)
4
(5 Augusts)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
28.358.236th123.4
(1953)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone August Counts
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
814.339th
(tied with 2 other seasons)
25
(2018)
Typhoon
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
48.137th
(tied with 4 other seasons)
15
(1971)
Major Typhoon
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
24.331st
(tied with 8 other seasons)
10
(2002)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
50.5131.738th314.2
(2015)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-August 2022

North Indian

August 2022 North Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 12Aug 12-1340 mph989 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 18Aug 18-1950 mph990 mb
North Indian Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
20.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st2
(2022)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 41 other Augusts)
0
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 41 other Augusts)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
1.20.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st1.2**
(2022)
Previous record 1 (1979, 1983)
**Previous record 0.6 (1983)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone August Counts
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
41.91st
(tied with 3 other seasons)
4
(1992, 1996, 2007, 2022)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
10.8
(8 in 10 seasons)
7th
(tied with 15 other seasons)
2
(6 seasons)
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.5
(5 in 10 seasons)
17th
(tied with 25 other seasons)
2
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
7.29.818th38.0
(2019)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-August 2022

South Indian

No South Indian Tropical Cyclones occurred during August 2022.

South Indian Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 Augusts)
4th
(tied with 39 other Augusts)
1
(1987, 1997, 2001)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.1
(1 in 10 Augusts)
4th
(tied with 39 other Augusts)
2.2
(1997)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone August Counts
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.2
(2 in 10 seasons)
8th
(tied with 35 other seasons)
1
(7 seasons)
Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 42 other seasons)
0
Major Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 42 other seasons)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.3
(3 in 10 seasons)
8th
(tied with 35 other seasons)
2.7
(2017)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July-August 2022

Australia

No Australia Tropical Cyclones occurred during August 2022.

Australia Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0.0
Australia Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Australia Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
10.1
(1 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 4 other seasons)
1
(5 seasons)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 42 other seasons)
0
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 42 other seasons)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
1.50.1
(1 in 10 seasons)
1st1.5††
(2023)
††Previous record 1.0 (2016)
Australia Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July-August 2022

Southwest Pacific

No Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones occurred during August 2022.

Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
2nd
(tied with 41 other Augusts)
1
(2016)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
1st
(tied with 42 other Augusts)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.0
(0 in 10 Augusts)
2nd
(tied with 41 other Augusts)
0.8
(2016)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 seasons)
3rd
(tied with 40 other seasons)
1
(1963, 2015, 2016)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 42 other seasons)
0
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
1st
(tied with 42 other seasons)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
0.00.0
(0 in 10 seasons)
2nd
(tied with 41 other seasons)
1.4
(2016)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July-August 2022

Global

August 2022 Global Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Map of Frank Storm Track
1July 26-August 2Jul 26-Aug 290 mph975 mb
Map of Howard Storm Track
1August 7Aug 7-1085 mph983 mb
Map of Meari Storm Track
TSAugust 11Aug 11-1445 mph990 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 12Aug 12-1340 mph989 mb
Map of Ivette Storm Track
TSAugust 15Aug 1540 mph1005 mb
Map of Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 18Aug 18-1950 mph990 mb
Map of Ma-On Storm Track
TSAugust 22Aug 22-2570 mph985 mb
Map of Tokage Storm Track
2August 22Aug 22-25105 mph956 mb
Map of Hinnamnor Storm Track
5August 28-September 6Aug 28-Sep 6160 mph915 mb
Value occurred in July
Value occurred in September
Global Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
914.742nd21
(2004)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
48.040th
(tied with 1 other August)
13
(1990)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
14.039th
(tied with 1 other August)
8
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
36.0123.142nd215.2
(2015)
Global Tropical Cyclone August Counts
Global Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-August 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds >39 mph (34 kts)
4752.632nd
(tied with 2 other seasons)
64
(1989, 2018)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds >74 mph (64 kts)
2027.641st37
(1997)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds >111 mph (96 kts)
914.537th
(tied with 1 other season)
25
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×104 kt2
269.5425.139th684.0
(2015)
Global Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-August 2022

Data Description

The data in this report are derived from NCEI's IBTrACS dataset (Knapp et al. 2010; Schreck et al. 2014). IBTrACS tropical cyclone track and intensity data from agencies and sources around the globe. In this report, data from NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) are used for the North Atlantic and East Pacific. The other basin's use data from the U.S. Military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

Historical values use the "best track" data that have been analyzed by forecasters after the season using all available data. Operational procedures and observing systems have changed with time and between regions, which makes these data heterogeneous. Intensity data are generally the most reliable since the early 1970s in the Atlantic (Landsea and Franklin 2013) and since the mid-1980s in other regions (Chu et al. 2002). The number of short-lived storms (≤2 days) has also increased since around 2000 due to improvements in observations and analysis techniques (Landsea et al. 2010).

Values for the current year are provisional values from the operational forecast advisories. IBTrACS obtains these from NCEP's TC Vitals, the NCAR Tropical Cyclone Guidance Project, and NHC provisional data. These values are subject to change during the post-season best track analysis. They also only include 6-hourly storm fixes, which means they may miss special advisories at landfall, peak intensity, etc.

The tropical cyclone seasons in the Southern Hemisphere begin in July and end in June, while the Northern Hemisphere seasons are counted from January to December. Storms are counted in all basins, months, and years in which they occur, which means some storms may appear more than once. However, the global totals only include each storm one time.

References

  • Chu, J.-H., C. R. Sampson, A. S. Levine, and E. Fukada, 2002: The joint typhoon warning center tropical cyclone best-tracks, 1945–2000. Naval Research Laboratory, Reference Number NRL/MR/7540-02-16, 22 pp., https://www.metoc.navy.mil/jtwc/products/best-tracks/tc-bt-report.html.
  • Knapp, K. R., M. C. Kruk, D. H. Levinson, H. J. Diamond, and C. J. Neumann, 2010: The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 363–376, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1.
  • Landsea, C. W., and J. L. Franklin, 2013: Atlantic Hurricane database uncertainty and presentation of a new database format. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 3576–3592, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00254.1.
  • ——, G. A. Vecchi, L. Bengtsson, and T. R. Knutson, 2010: Impact of duration thresholds on Atlantic tropical cyclone counts. J. Climate, 23, 2508–2519, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI3034.1.
  • Schreck, C. J., K. R. Knapp, and J. P. Kossin, 2014: The Impact of Best Track Discrepancies on Global Tropical Cyclone Climatologies using IBTrACS. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3881–3899, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00021.1.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Monthly Tropical Cyclones Report for August 2022, published online September 2022, retrieved on September 25, 2022 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/tropical-cyclones/202208.

Metadata

https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=gov.noaa.ncdc:C00775