Indian Ocean Cruise Summary

Section No EXPOCODE Ship Dates Total Stations TCO2 Stations TALK Stations CFC Stations 14C Stations Chief Scientist Carbon PI CFC PI 14C
PI
WOCE
16S_b* 1 35MF103_1 M. Dufresne 2/20 - 3/22/96 55a 55 55 54 0 A.Poisson A.Poisson A.Poisson NA
IR04(I8R)* 2 3175MB95_07 M. Baldridge 9/22 - 10/25/95 100a 98 98 95 0 R.Molinari F.Millero J.Bullister NA
SR3S4*,b 3 AR9404_1 A. Australis 12/13/94 - 2/02/95 106a 58 58a 79 0n S.Rintoul B.Tilbrook J.Bullister B.Tilbrook
S04ac 4 06AQANTXIII_4 Polarstern 3/17 - 5/20/96 99a 90 0 98 0 E.Fahrbach M.Hoppema A.Watson NA
S05 5 09FA1094 Franklin 11/12 - 12/5/94 68a 0 0 0 0 M.Tomczak NA NA NA
I8A(S04) 6 74DI200_1 Discovery 2/6 - 3/18/93 25a 0o 0 25 0 R.Dickson J.Robertson T.Haine
M.Krysell
M.Liddicoat
A.Watson
NA
ISS01_i 7 74DI213_1 Discovery 1/6 - 2/21/95 103a 0 0 83 0 R.Pollard NA S.Boswell NA
ISS01_h 8 74DI207 Discovery 2/19 - 3/31/94 32p 0 0 32 0 R.Dickson NA R.Dickson NA
ISS03_b 9 09FA9605 Franklin 5/7 - 5/31/96 90a 0 0 0 0 P.McIntosh
T.McDougal
NA NA NA
IR06_b 10 09FA9508_1 Franklin 9/13 - 10/14/95 104a 0 0 0 0 S.Wijffels NA NA NA
S04I* 11 320696_3 N.B. Palmer 5/3 - 7/4/96 108a 108 98 90 31e J.Swift
T.Whitoorth
F.Millero
T.Takahashi
W.Smethie
M.Wagner
R.Key
I06S* 12 35MFCIVA_1 M. Dufresne 1/23 - 3/9/93 52a 52 52 52 8g A.Poisson A.Poisson A.Poisson M.Arnold
I08SI09S* 13 316N145_5 Knorr 12/1/94 - 1/19/95 142a 76h 72h 97 26i M.McCartney
T.Whitworth
D.Wallace J.Bullister
W.Smethie
P.Quay
R.Key
I09N* 14 316N145_6 Knorr 1/24 - 3/5/95 130a 130h 129h 123 22i A.Gordon
D.Olson
C.Sabine R.Fine R.Key
I08NI05E* 15 316N145_7 Knorr 3/10 - 4/15/95 147a 126h 124h 99 20i L.Talley C.Winn W.Smethie R.Key
I03* 16 316N145_8 Knorr 4/23 - 6/5/95 130a 105h 108h 102 20i W.Nowlin F.Millero R.Weiss R.Key
I05WI04* 17 316N145_9 Knorr 6/11 - 7/11/95 134a 129h 134h 104 15i J.Toole D.Wallace W.Smethie R.Key
I07N* 18 316N145_10 Knorr 7/15 - 8/24/95 149a 125h 141h 146 22i D.Olson
S.Doney
D.Musgrave
C.Winn R.Fine R.Key
I01*,q 19 316N145_11,12 Knorr 8/29 - 10/16/95 153a 149h 149h 149 24i J.Morrison
H.Bryden
C.Goyet M.Warner R.Key
I10* 20 316N145_13 Knorr 11/11 - 11/28/95 61a 52h 48h 51 6i N.Bray C.Sabine R.Fine R.Key
I02*,q 21 316N145_14 Knorr 12/2/95 - 1/22/96 168a 161h 166h 153 28i G.Johnson
B.Warren
C.Winn J.Bullister R.Key
Historical
I05 22 74AB29 C. Darwin 11/12 -12/17/87 108j 0 0 69r 0 J.Toole
B.Warren
NA R.Fine NA
INDIGO-1
INDIGO-2
INDIGO-3
23 Stn 1-25
Stn 27-69
Stn 75-117
M.Dufresne 2/24-3/26/1985
4/01-4/30/1986
1/14-2/20/1987
101 101 101 48 33k A.Poisson
M.Fieux
N.Metzl
A.Poisson A.Poisson M.Arnold
G.Ostlund
GEOSECS 24 GEOSECS Leg 3
GEOSECS Leg 4
GEOSECS Leg 5
GEOSECS Leg 6
GEOSECS Leg 7
Melville 12/4/77 - 4/24/78 51l 42 43 0 40m R.Williams
H.Craig
R.Weiss
W.Broecker
D.Spencer
R.Williams
T.Takahashi
C.Keeling
NA G.Ostlund
M.Stuiver

*Cruise data used in calculating anthropogenic CO2.
aFinal data report available at WHPO Web site
bSee listing with Pacific Ocean cruises
cSee listings with Atlantic Ocean cruises
eSee Key 1999.
gSee Leboucher et al. 1999.
hSee Johnson et al. 2002a.
iSee Key and Quay, 2002.
jSee Toole and Warren, 1993.
kSee Ostlund and Grall, 1991; Bard et al. 1988.
lSee Ostlund et al. 1987
mSee Stuiver and Ostlund 1983.
nNot yet measured.
oNo data on file at WHPO.
pSee Dickson et al. 1995.
qFrequently divided into E and W legs.
rSee Fine (1993).

References

  • E. Bard, M. Arnold, H. G. Östlund, P. Maurice, P. Monfray, J.-C. Duplessy. 1988. Penetration of bomb radiocarbon in the tropical Indian Ocean measured by means of accelerator mass spectrometry, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 87, 379-389.
  • Dickson, R. R. et al. 1995. RRS Discovery Cruise 207, 19 February - 31 March 1994. Circulation and structure in the Southern Ocean between 20°E and 90°E and 20°S and 65°S. Part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment. Lowestoft: MAFF Directorate of Fisheries Research. 79pp.
  • Fine, R. 1993. Circulation of Antarctic Intermediate Water in the South Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research 40(10):2021-42.
  • Johnson, K. M., A. G. Dickson, G. Eischeid, C. Goyet, P. R. Guenther, R. M. Key, K. Lee, E. R. Lewis, F. J. Millero, D. Purkerson, C. L. Sabine, R. G. Schottle, D. W. R. Wallace, R. J. Wilke, and C. D. Winn. 2002a. Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic and Chemical Data Obtained During the Nine R/V Knorr Cruises Comprising the Indian Ocean CO2 Survey (WOCE Sections I8SI9S, I9N, I8NI5E, I3, I5WI4, I7N, I1, I10, and I2; December 1, 1994-January 22, 1996), A. Kozyr (ed.). ORNL/CDIAC-138, NDP-080. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
  • Key, R.M. 1999. S4I Final report for AMS 14C samples. Ocean Tracer Laboratory Tech. Rep. # 99-2, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ. 9pp.
  • Key, R. M. and P. D Quay. 2002. U.S. WOCE Indian Ocean Survey: Final Report for Radiocarbon. Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Program, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, 22pp.
  • Leboucher, V., J. Orr, P. Jean-Baptiste, M. Arnold, P. Monfray, N. Tisnerat-Laborde, A. Poisson, and J.-C. Duplessy. 1999. Oceanic radiocarbon between Antarctica and South Africa along WOCE section I06 at 30°E. Radiocarbo, 41(1):51–73.
  • Ostlund, H. G., H. Craig, W. S. Broecker, and D. Spencer. 1987. GEOSECS Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Ocean Expeditions. Vol. 7: Shorebased Data and Graphics, IDOE/NSF, 200pp.
  • Ostlund, H. G., and C. Grall. 1991. Indian Ocean radiocarbon: Data from the Indigo 1,2 and 3 cruises, ORNL/CDIAC, NDP-036. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.
  • Stuiver, M., and H. G. Östlund. 1983. GEOSECS Indian Ocean and Mediterranean radiocarbon Radiocarbon 25(1):1–29.
  • Toole, J. M., and B. A. Warren. 1993. A hydrographic section across the subtropical South Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research 40(10):1973-2019.
Last modified: 2020-08-06T18:45:33Z