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Key Datasets

Key datasets used for climate monitoring products.

Climate Data Record (CDR) Program

Climate records from satellite data to determine climate variability and change.

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Climate Normals

Three-decade averages of climatological variables including temperature, precipitation, snowfall, heating and cooling degree days, frost/freeze dates, and growing degree days.

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Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST)

Global monthly sea surface temperature dataset derived from the International Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Dataset (ICOADS).

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Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN)

An integrated database of climate summaries from land surface stations across the globe that have been subjected to a common suite of quality assurance reviews.

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Gridded Climate Datasets (nClimGrid)

Spatially-interpolated 5-km gridded dataset derived from Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) data

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Historical Observing Metadata Repository (HOMR)

NCEI's integrated station history database that provides in situ or land-based station metadata.

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International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS)

Archive of tropical cyclone track data.

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International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)

Largest collection of verified surface marine observations in the world.

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Integrated Surface Database (ISD)

global hourly and synoptic observations compiled from numerous sources into a single common ASCII format and common data model.

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NOAA Merged Land Ocean Global Surface Temperature Analysis (NOAAGlobalTemp)

Spatially gridded (5° × 5°) monthly global surface temperature dataset.

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World Data Service for Paleoclimatology (WDS Paleo)

U.S. Tornadoes data and statistics.

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U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN)

NOAA's premiere surface reference network.

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