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U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 4, 2018

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According to the December 4, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 18.9% of the United States, a decrease from last week’s 19.5%. Extreme and exceptional drought—the worst categories—contracted to cover 3.2%, down from 3.6% last week.

A series of Pacific weather systems brought much-needed rain and snow to the West during the week. As they moved across the contiguous United States, they tapped Gulf of Mexico moisture and dropped above-normal precipitation over the central to northern Plains, Midwest, Southeast, and parts of the Northeast.

But the weather systems missed parts of the Northwest, southern Plains, Upper Midwest, and Mid-Atlantic regions, which had a drier-than-normal week. Temperatures moderated a bit as the jet stream flow flattened and became more zonal, with above-normal temperatures occurring in parts of the northern and southern Plains, Lower Mississippi Valley, and parts of New England.  Drought and abnormal dryness contracted in many parts of the contiguous United States that experienced a wet week, but abnormal dryness expanded in Hawaii and Texas where dry conditions intensified.

Abnormal dryness and drought are currently affecting more than 78 million people across the United States—about 25% of the country’s population.

Map of U.S. drought conditions for December 4, 2018

The full U.S. Drought Monitor weekly update is available from

In addition to, you can find further information on the current drought as well as on this week’s Drought Monitor update at the National Drought Mitigation Center. See their recent news releases.

The most recent U.S. Drought Outlook is available from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center and the U.S. Department of Agriculture provides information about the drought’s influence on crops and livestock.

For additional drought information, follow #DroughtMonitor on Facebook and Twitter.

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