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U.S. Drought Monitor Update for March 23, 2021

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According to the March 23, 2021, U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 36.4% of the United States including Puerto Rico, a slight decreasefrom last week’s 36.9%. The worst drought categories (extreme to exceptional drought) increased slightly from 14.8% last week to 15.1%. 

Several Pacific weather systems moved through the jet stream flow across the contiguous United States. Some spread Pacific moisture across parts of the West, while others tapped Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic moisture to bring above-normal precipitation to the central Plains, Midwest, and Southeast. The storm track missed other parts of the country, resulting in a drier-than-normal week across much of the West, Rio Grande Valley, northern Plains, Great Lakes, New England, and Florida. The weather systems mostly tracked across the West and South, bringing cooler-than-normal temperatures to those regions. Upper-level ridging farther north brought warmer-than-normal temperatures to the northern Plains, Great Lakes, and Northeast. 

The beneficial precipitation contracted drought and abnormal dryness in parts of the central Rockies and central Plains to Midwest and South, while drought or abnormal dryness expanded or intensified across parts of the Southwest, northern and southern Plains, and Great Lakes.  Drought contraction was more than expansion, so the overall U.S. drought footprint decreased this week. 

Abnormal dryness and drought are currently affecting over 150million people across the United States including Puerto Rico—about 48.4% of the population.


Map of U.S. drought conditions for March 23, 2021

The full U.S. Drought Monitor weekly update is available from

In addition to, you can find further information on the current drought as well as on this week’s Drought Monitor update at the National Drought Mitigation Center. See their recent news releases.

The most recent U.S. Drought Outlook is available from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center and the U.S. Department of Agriculture provides information about the drought’s influence on crops and livestock.

For additional drought information, follow #DroughtMonitor on Facebook and Twitter.

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