Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin’s tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking the real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Summary

A total of 88 named storms occurred across the globe in 2022, which was near the 1991-2020 average. Of those, 40 reached tropical cyclone strength (≥74 mph), and 17 reached major tropical cyclone strength (≥111 mph). Both of these counts were below their 1991-2020 averages. The global accumulated cyclone energy (ACE: an integrated metric of the strength, frequency, and duration of tropical storms) was the lowest since 2010 and the fourth lowest since 1981. No basin was more active than normal in terms of ACE. The North Atlantic, East Pacific, and South Indian basins had near normal activity. The other basins were all less active than normal, including the West Pacific, which had its third season in a row with below normal activity. The only two storms to reach Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale category 5 (≥157 mph) during 2022 were both from the West Pacific: Super Typhoons Hinnamnor and Noru. This was the fewest number of category 5 storms globally since 2008.

The North Atlantic hurricane activity was near its 1991-2020 average. However, both the 14 named storms and the ACE were their lowest values since 2015. Hurricane Fiona brought massive flooding to Puerto Rico, with some areas receiving 12-18 inches of rain. One station reported more than two feet of rain in a 24-hour period. After its extratropical transition, Fiona ultimately made landfall in Nova Scotia as the strongest and costliest post-tropical cyclone on record for Canada. Hurricane Ian made landfall in southwestern Florida shortly after achieving a peak intensity of 155 mph, just shy of category 5 strength (≥157 mph). Ian was the third costliest U.S. hurricane on record behind Katrina and Harvey. Just a few weeks later, Hurricane Nicole made landfall in eastern Florida with heavy rain and flooding. Nicole was the first hurricane to make landfall in Florida during November since Kate in 1985.

The East Pacific activity for 2022 was near its 1991-2020 average. It included Hurricanes Bonnie and Julia, both of which formed in the Atlantic before crossing Central America into the East Pacific. Four East Pacific storms made landfall in Mexico at hurricane strength in 2022: Agatha, Kay, Orlene, and Roslyn. Orlene and Roslyn made landfall in the same part of the Mexican coast just three weeks apart. Roslyn was the strongest East Pacific landfall since Hurricane Patricia in 2015.

The West Pacific was less active than its 1991-2020 average by most metrics for the third year in a row. However, the West Pacific produced the only two category 5 storms that occurred globally in 2022. Both of these typhoons, Hinnamnor and Noru, occurred during an active period from late August through September. Hinnamnor weakened as it approached South Korea but still made landfall as a category 2 typhoon and one of the strongest in history there. Noru caused severe damage to the Philippines and Southeast Asia. Typhoon Nanmadol had peak winds of 155 mph, just shy of category 5 strength. It weakened before making landfall in Japan, but still produced significant flooding. The post-tropical remnants of Typhoon Merbok caused hurricane strength winds and coastal flooding in the Aleutians and western Alaska.

The seven named storms in the North Indian Ocean was above its 1991-2020 average. However, only one of these achieved cyclone strength, Asani, and none reached major cyclone strength. As a result, the ACE was below its 1991-2020 average.

The tropical cyclone seasons in the Southern Hemisphere basins begin in July and end in June, so the seasons summarized here are the 2021/22 seasons that ended in June 2022. It is also more common for storms to cross basins in the Southern Hemisphere, so some storms are counted in multiple basins. The South Indian Ocean tropical cyclone activity was near normal in term of ACE. However, all five storms that reached cyclone strength also became major cyclones, and Madagascar was affected by an unprecedented six tropical cyclones. The strongest was Major Cyclone Batsirai, which caused widespread wind damage, power outages, and flooding.

The Australian region was less active than normal in terms of ACE and the quietest since 2015/16. Despite a normal number of named storms and cyclones, Vernon was the only storm to achieve major cyclone intensity. The Southwest Pacific was similarly quiet with no major cyclones for the first time since 2008/09.

North Atlantic

2022 North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Alex Storm Track
TSJune 5Jun 5-670 mph984 mb
Bonnie Storm Track
3July 1Jul 1-9115 mph964 mb
Colin Storm Track
TSJuly 2Jul 240 mph1012 mb
Danielle Storm Track
1September 1Sep 1-890 mph972 mb
Earl Storm Track
2September 3Sep 3-10105 mph954 mb
Fiona Storm Track
4September 14Sep 14-23130 mph932 mb
Gaston Storm Track
TSSeptember 20Sep 20-2665 mph995 mb
Hermine Storm Track
TSSeptember 23Sep 23-2440 mph1002 mb
Ian Storm Track
4September 24Sep 24-30155 mph937 mb
Julia Storm Track
1October 7Oct 7-1085 mph982 mb
Karl Storm Track
TSOctober 11Oct 11-1460 mph999 mb
Lisa Storm Track
1October 31-November 3Oct 31-Nov 380 mph988 mb
Martin Storm Track
1November 1Nov 1-385 mph955 mb
Nicole Storm Track
1November 7Nov 7-1175 mph980 mb
Value occurred in the Eastern North Pacific
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
1414.418th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
30
(2020)
Hurricane
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
87.211th
(tied with 5 other seasons)
15
(2005)
Major Hurricane
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
23.221st
(tied with 10 other seasons)
7
(2005, 2020)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
95.0122.524th258.6
(1933)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

East Pacific

2022 East Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Agatha Storm Track
2May 28May 28-31110 mph964 mb
Blas Storm Track
1June 14Jun 14-2085 mph980 mb
Celia Storm Track
TSJune 17Jun 17-2865 mph993 mb
Bonnie Storm Track
3July 1Jul 1-9115 mph964 mb
Darby Storm Track
4July 9Jul 9-17140 mph954 mb
Estelle Storm Track
1July 16Jul 16-2185 mph984 mb
Frank Storm Track
1July 26-August 2Jul 26-Aug 290 mph975 mb
Georgette Storm Track
TSJuly 27Jul 27-3160 mph997 mb
Howard Storm Track
1August 7Aug 7-1085 mph983 mb
Ivette Storm Track
TSAugust 15Aug 1540 mph1005 mb
Javier Storm Track
TSSeptember 2Sep 2-450 mph999 mb
Kay Storm Track
2September 4Sep 4-10105 mph967 mb
Lester Storm Track
TSSeptember 16Sep 16-1745 mph1002 mb
Madeline Storm Track
TSSeptember 18Sep 18-2065 mph992 mb
Newton Storm Track
TSSeptember 21Sep 21-2465 mph996 mb
Orlene Storm Track
4September 29-October 3Sep 29-Oct 3130 mph949 mb
Paine Storm Track
TSOctober 3Oct 3-545 mph1004 mb
Julia Storm Track
1October 7Oct 7-1085 mph982 mb
Roslyn Storm Track
4October 20Oct 20-23130 mph954 mb
Value occurred in the North Atlantic
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
1917.016th
(tied with 4 other seasons)
27
(1992)
Hurricane
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
108.813th
(tied with 5 other seasons)
16
(1990, 1992, 2014, 2015)
Major Hurricane
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
44.621st
(tied with 4 other seasons)
11
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
117.0132.821st318.1
(2018)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

West Pacific

2022 West Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Malakas Storm Track
4April 7Apr 7-15130 mph939 mb
Megi Storm Track
TSApril 10Apr 1045 mph999 mb
Chaba Storm Track
1June 30-July 2Jun 30-Jul 285 mph969 mb
Aere Storm Track
TSJuly 1Jul 1-850 mph988 mb
Meari Storm Track
TSAugust 11Aug 11-1445 mph990 mb
Ma-On Storm Track
TSAugust 22Aug 22-2570 mph985 mb
Tokage Storm Track
2August 22Aug 22-25105 mph956 mb
Hinnamnor Storm Track
5August 28-September 6Aug 28-Sep 6160 mph915 mb
Muifa Storm Track
4September 7Sep 7-16130 mph942 mb
Merbok Storm Track
1September 11Sep 11-1480 mph976 mb
Nanmadol Storm Track
4September 13Sep 13-19155 mph917 mb
Noru Storm Track
5September 22Sep 22-28160 mph919 mb
Kulap Storm Track
1September 26Sep 26-2975 mph970 mb
Roke Storm Track
2September 28-October 3Sep 28-Oct 395 mph975 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSOctober 14Oct 1445 mph999 mb
Sonca Storm Track
TSOctober 14Oct 1440 mph998 mb
Nesat Storm Track
2October 15Oct 15-20100 mph964 mb
Haitang Storm Track
TSOctober 18Oct 1840 mph1004 mb
Nalgae Storm Track
1October 27-November 2Oct 27-Nov 280 mph979 mb
Banyan Storm Track
TSOctober 31Oct 3140 mph1000 mb
Yamaneko Storm Track
TSNovember 12Nov 12-1340 mph1000 mb
Pakhar Storm Track
TSDecember 11Dec 11-1260 mph992 mb
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
2226.335th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
38
(1964)
Typhoon
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
1216.134th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
26
(1964)
Major Typhoon
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
59.437th
(tied with 2 other seasons)
16
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
160.6299.737th588.3
(1997)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

North Indian

2022 North Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 4Mar 4-540 mph996 mb
Asani Storm Track
1May 7May 7-1175 mph976 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 12Aug 12-1340 mph989 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 18Aug 18-1950 mph990 mb
Sitrang Storm Track
TSOctober 23Oct 23-2450 mph994 mb
Mandoug Storm Track
TSDecember 8Dec 8-960 mph989 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSDecember 15Dec 15-1650 mph999 mb
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
75.56th
(tied with 2 other seasons)
11
(1992)
Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
12.123rd
(tied with 12 other seasons)
6
(2019)
Major Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
01.126th
(tied with 16 other seasons)
5
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
10.624.634th93.0
(2019)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

South Indian

2022 South Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Ana Storm Track
TSJanuary 23Jan 23-2460 mph993 mb
Batsirai Storm Track
4January 27-February 8Jan 27-Feb 8145 mph932 mb
Cliff Storm Track
TSFebruary 4Feb 4-650 mph992 mb
Dumako Storm Track
TSFebruary 13Feb 13-1560 mph995 mb
Emnati Storm Track
4February 16Feb 16-24130 mph941 mb
Vernon Storm Track
4February 25-March 3Feb 25-Mar 3130 mph946 mb
Gombe Storm Track
3March 8Mar 8-12115 mph959 mb
Halima Storm Track
4March 23-April 1Mar 23-Apr 1135 mph938 mb
Jasmine Storm Track
TSApril 24Apr 24-2760 mph984 mb
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July 2021-June 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
910.531st
(tied with 1 other season)
16
(1997)
Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
56.126th
(tied with 4 other seasons)
11
(2019)
Major Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
53.55th
(tied with 1 other season)
9
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
88.894.324th186.9
(1994)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July 2021-June 2022

Australia

2022 Australia Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Paddy Storm Track
TSNovember 22Nov 22-2445 mph988 mb
Teratai Storm Track
TSDecember 1Dec 1-940 mph999 mb
Ruby Storm Track
1December 11Dec 11-1580 mph980 mb
Seth Storm Track
TSDecember 31-January 1Dec 31-Jan 165 mph988 mb
Tiffany Storm Track
1January 9Jan 9-1275 mph986 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSJanuary 31-February 1Jan 31-Feb 140 mph998 mb
Vernon Storm Track
4February 25-March 3Feb 25-Mar 3130 mph946 mb
Anika Storm Track
TSFebruary 25-March 2Feb 25-Mar 260 mph988 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 2Mar 240 mph1001 mb
Billy Storm Track
TSMarch 13Mar 13-1770 mph989 mb
Charlotte Storm Track
2March 20Mar 20-24100 mph967 mb
Karim Storm Track
TSMay 7May 7-1170 mph982 mb
Value occurred in the South Indian
Australia Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July 2021-June 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
1210.711th
(tied with 5 other seasons)
19
(1999)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
44.821st
(tied with 4 other seasons)
9
(1992, 1996)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
12.424th
(tied with 12 other seasons)
6
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
26.559.538th111.3
(1999)
Australia Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July 2021-June 2022

Southwest Pacific

2022 Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Ruby Storm Track
1December 11Dec 11-1580 mph**980 mb**
Cody Storm Track
TSJanuary 10Jan 10-1560 mph980 mb
Dovi Storm Track
2February 9Feb 9-12100 mph956 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 3Mar 3-445 mph987 mb
Fili Storm Track
TSApril 4Apr 4-860 mph989 mb
Gina Storm Track
TSMay 18May 18-2240 mph1002 mb
**Value occurred in the Southwest Pacific
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July 2021-June 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
67.117th
(tied with 9 other seasons)
16
(1998)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
23.828th
(tied with 8 other seasons)
10
(1998)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
01.934th
(tied with 8 other seasons)
6
(2003)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
18.850.433rd128.8
(1998)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July 2021-June 2022

Global

2022 Global Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Seth Storm Track
TSDecember 31-January 1Dec 31-Jan 165 mph988 mb
Tiffany Storm Track
1January 9Jan 9-1275 mph986 mb
Cody Storm Track
TSJanuary 10Jan 10-1560 mph980 mb
Ana Storm Track
TSJanuary 23Jan 23-2460 mph993 mb
Batsirai Storm Track
4January 27-February 8Jan 27-Feb 8145 mph932 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSJanuary 31-February 1Jan 31-Feb 140 mph998 mb
Cliff Storm Track
TSFebruary 4Feb 4-650 mph992 mb
Dovi Storm Track
2February 9Feb 9-12100 mph956 mb
Dumako Storm Track
TSFebruary 13Feb 13-1560 mph995 mb
Emnati Storm Track
4February 16Feb 16-24130 mph941 mb
Vernon Storm Track
4February 25-March 3Feb 25-Mar 3130 mph946 mb
Anika Storm Track
TSFebruary 25-March 2Feb 25-Mar 260 mph988 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 2Mar 240 mph1001 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 3Mar 3-445 mph987 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSMarch 4Mar 4-540 mph996 mb
Gombe Storm Track
3March 8Mar 8-12115 mph959 mb
Billy Storm Track
TSMarch 13Mar 13-1770 mph989 mb
Charlotte Storm Track
2March 20Mar 20-24100 mph967 mb
Halima Storm Track
4March 23-April 1Mar 23-Apr 1135 mph938 mb
Fili Storm Track
TSApril 4Apr 4-860 mph989 mb
Malakas Storm Track
4April 7Apr 7-15130 mph939 mb
Megi Storm Track
TSApril 10Apr 1045 mph999 mb
Jasmine Storm Track
TSApril 24Apr 24-2760 mph984 mb
Asani Storm Track
1May 7May 7-1175 mph976 mb
Karim Storm Track
TSMay 7May 7-1170 mph982 mb
Gina Storm Track
TSMay 18May 18-2240 mph1002 mb
Agatha Storm Track
2May 28May 28-31110 mph964 mb
Alex Storm Track
TSJune 5Jun 5-670 mph984 mb
Blas Storm Track
1June 14Jun 14-2085 mph980 mb
Celia Storm Track
TSJune 17Jun 17-2865 mph993 mb
Chaba Storm Track
1June 30-July 2Jun 30-Jul 285 mph969 mb
Bonnie Storm Track
3July 1Jul 1-9115 mph964 mb
Aere Storm Track
TSJuly 1Jul 1-850 mph988 mb
Colin Storm Track
TSJuly 2Jul 240 mph1012 mb
Darby Storm Track
4July 9Jul 9-17140 mph954 mb
Estelle Storm Track
1July 16Jul 16-2185 mph984 mb
Frank Storm Track
1July 26-August 2Jul 26-Aug 290 mph975 mb
Georgette Storm Track
TSJuly 27Jul 27-3160 mph997 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSJuly 29Jul 29-3150 mph995 mb
Howard Storm Track
1August 7Aug 7-1085 mph983 mb
Meari Storm Track
TSAugust 11Aug 11-1445 mph990 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 12Aug 12-1340 mph989 mb
Ivette Storm Track
TSAugust 15Aug 1540 mph1005 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSAugust 18Aug 18-1950 mph990 mb
Ma-On Storm Track
TSAugust 22Aug 22-2570 mph985 mb
Tokage Storm Track
2August 22Aug 22-25105 mph956 mb
Hinnamnor Storm Track
5August 28-September 6Aug 28-Sep 6160 mph915 mb
Danielle Storm Track
1September 1Sep 1-890 mph972 mb
Javier Storm Track
TSSeptember 2Sep 2-450 mph999 mb
Earl Storm Track
2September 3Sep 3-10105 mph954 mb
Kay Storm Track
2September 4Sep 4-10105 mph967 mb
Muifa Storm Track
4September 7Sep 7-16130 mph942 mb
Merbok Storm Track
1September 11Sep 11-1480 mph976 mb
Nanmadol Storm Track
4September 13Sep 13-19155 mph917 mb
Fiona Storm Track
4September 14Sep 14-23130 mph932 mb
Lester Storm Track
TSSeptember 16Sep 16-1745 mph1002 mb
Madeline Storm Track
TSSeptember 18Sep 18-2065 mph992 mb
Gaston Storm Track
TSSeptember 20Sep 20-2665 mph995 mb
Newton Storm Track
TSSeptember 21Sep 21-2465 mph996 mb
Noru Storm Track
5September 22Sep 22-28160 mph919 mb
Hermine Storm Track
TSSeptember 23Sep 23-2440 mph1002 mb
Ian Storm Track
4September 24Sep 24-30155 mph937 mb
Kulap Storm Track
1September 26Sep 26-2975 mph970 mb
Ashley Storm Track
TSSeptember 26Sep 26-2745 mph998 mb
Roke Storm Track
2September 28-October 3Sep 28-Oct 395 mph975 mb
Orlene Storm Track
4September 29-October 3Sep 29-Oct 3130 mph949 mb
Paine Storm Track
TSOctober 3Oct 3-545 mph1004 mb
Balita Storm Track
TSOctober 6Oct 6-945 mph998 mb
Julia Storm Track
1October 7Oct 7-1085 mph982 mb
Karl Storm Track
TSOctober 11Oct 11-1460 mph999 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSOctober 14Oct 1445 mph999 mb
Sonca Storm Track
TSOctober 14Oct 1440 mph998 mb
Nesat Storm Track
2October 15Oct 15-20100 mph964 mb
Haitang Storm Track
TSOctober 18Oct 1840 mph1004 mb
Roslyn Storm Track
4October 20Oct 20-23130 mph954 mb
Sitrang Storm Track
TSOctober 23Oct 23-2450 mph994 mb
Nalgae Storm Track
1October 27-November 2Oct 27-Nov 280 mph979 mb
Lisa Storm Track
1October 31-November 3Oct 31-Nov 380 mph988 mb
Banyan Storm Track
TSOctober 31Oct 3140 mph1000 mb
Martin Storm Track
1November 1Nov 1-385 mph955 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSNovember 3Nov 3-540 mph1004 mb
Nicole Storm Track
1November 7Nov 7-1175 mph980 mb
Yamaneko Storm Track
TSNovember 12Nov 12-1340 mph1000 mb
Mandoug Storm Track
TSDecember 8Dec 8-960 mph989 mb
Pakhar Storm Track
TSDecember 11Dec 11-1260 mph992 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSDecember 15Dec 15-1650 mph999 mb
Darian Storm Track
4December 18Dec 18-31155 mph922 mb
Ellie Storm Track
TSDecember 22Dec 2245 mph994 mb
Global Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
8888.018th
(tied with 1 other season)
106
(2020)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
4047.833rd
(tied with 1 other season)
59
(1990, 2018)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
1725.738th
(tied with 1 other season)
39
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
556.6784.339th1,148.5
(1992)
Global Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

Data Description

The data in this report are derived from NCEI's IBTrACS dataset (Knapp et al. 2010; Schreck et al. 2014). IBTrACS tropical cyclone track and intensity data from agencies and sources around the globe. In this report, data from NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) are used for the North Atlantic and East Pacific. The other basins use data from the U.S. Military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

Historical values use the "best track" data that have been analyzed by forecasters after the season using all available data. Operational procedures and observing systems have changed with time and between regions, which makes these data heterogeneous. Intensity data are generally the most reliable since the early 1970s in the Atlantic (Landsea and Franklin 2013) and since the mid-1980s in other regions (Chu et al. 2002). The number of short-lived storms (≤2 days) has also increased since around 2000 due to improvements in observations and analysis techniques (Landsea et al. 2010).

Values for the current year are provisional values from the operational forecast advisories. IBTrACS obtains these from NCEP's TC Vitals, the NCAR Tropical Cyclone Guidance Project, and NHC provisional data. These values are subject to change during the post-season best track analysis. They also only include 6-hourly storm fixes, which means they may miss special advisories at landfall, peak intensity, etc.

The tropical cyclone seasons in the Southern Hemisphere begin in July and end in June, while the Northern Hemisphere seasons are counted from January to December. Storms are counted in all basins, months, and years in which they occur, which means some storms may appear more than once. However, the global totals only include each storm one time.

References

  • Chu, J.-H., C. R. Sampson, A. S. Levine, and E. Fukada, 2002: The joint typhoon warning center tropical cyclone best-tracks, 1945–2000. Naval Research Laboratory, Reference Number NRL/MR/7540-02-16, 22 pp., https://www.metoc.navy.mil/jtwc/products/best-tracks/tc-bt-report.html.
  • Knapp, K. R., M. C. Kruk, D. H. Levinson, H. J. Diamond, and C. J. Neumann, 2010: The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 363–376, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1.
  • Landsea, C. W., and J. L. Franklin, 2013: Atlantic Hurricane database uncertainty and presentation of a new database format. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 3576–3592, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00254.1.
  • ——, G. A. Vecchi, L. Bengtsson, and T. R. Knutson, 2010: Impact of duration thresholds on Atlantic tropical cyclone counts. J. Climate, 23, 2508–2519, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI3034.1.
  • Schreck, C. J., K. R. Knapp, and J. P. Kossin, 2014: The Impact of Best Track Discrepancies on Global Tropical Cyclone Climatologies using IBTrACS. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3881–3899, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00021.1.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, Monthly Tropical Cyclones Report for Annual 2022, published online January 2023, retrieved on July 23, 2024 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/tropical-cyclones/202213.