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Hohonu Moana: Exploring the Deep Waters off Hawaii - EX1603

Hohonu Moana: Exploring the Deep Waters off Hawai`I - EX 1603 Overview Map

The ship will conduct 24 hour operations consisting of daytime ROV dives and evening/nighttime mapping operations including during transit. During this cruise we will conduct primarily 8 hour ROV dives with occasional 10 or 12 hour dives on particularly interesting or deep water dive sites, as staffing allows. ROV operations will focus in depths between 250 and 6,000 meters and will include high-resolution visual surveys and limited sample collection. Mapping operations will be conducted in 250m of water and deeper, and include transit and overnight multibeam, water column backscatter, and sub-bottom data collection. Opportunistic CTD rosette operations may be requested to collect more information about the environmental parameters at ROV dives sites, or opportunistically at selected sites where collecting the data is considered important to understanding the physical or chemical properties of the overlying water column. ROV and mapping operations will not be conducted in state waters. Dive(s) will also be devoted to searching for ship' lost during the World War II Battle of Midway with an emphasis on finding the main wreck of the Japanese Aircraft Carriers Kaga. Data collected by OER that is considered sensitive will be protected from direct public release until such time as a final determination can be made as to permanent protection. If data are found to be sensitive because they reveal the location of a historically significant cultural resource, Section 304 of the National Historic Preservation Act provides that the head of a Federal agency or other public official shall withhold from public disclosure information about the location, character, or ownership of a historic property when disclosure may cause a significant invasion of privacy; risk harm to the historic property; or impede the use of a traditional religious site by practitioners. Data collected by the EX that is considered sensitive will be archived in a location where it can be withheld from public disclosure.

East of Necker

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: February 27, 2016
Max Depth: 4292.7 Meters
Bottom Time: 2 Hours 20 Minutes 22 Seconds

Purpose

This dive, located on the northeast side of Necker Island (Mokumanamana), was carried out at the request of the Extended Continental Shelf (ECS) Program in order to obtain information that might be able to show a connection between Necker Island and Necker Ridge, a narrow feature that extends over 400 miles and protrudes past the current exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the United States. The primary objective was to collect two geological samples on the ridge in order to determine whether these have the same composition as specimens that have previously been collected near Necker Island. Additionally, the ROV would survey biological communities in the area as time permits. The target start point of the dive was a flat surface located at a depth of 4302 m, which transitioned into a steep slope towards the northwest. The plan of the dive was for the ROV to survey up the steep slope moving northwest to a target depth of approximately 3900 m, collecting two geological samples along the way, as well as opportunistically documenting the biological community in the area.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 280 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 55.4 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 660 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.45 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.18 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 4.62 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 46.9 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

North of French Frigate Shoals

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: February 28, 2016
Max Depth: 1407.9 Meters
Bottom Time: 5 Hours 20 Minutes 4 Seconds

Purpose

This dive, located on the north side of French Frigate Shoals, was carried out to survey the biology and geology of a submarine canyon. Submarine canyons have been largely under-surveyed during previous deep-water surveys in the region, and therefore this dive was carried out to obtain baseline information on these widespread and important deep-sea habitats of the Monument. While limited deep-water surveys have been performed around French Frigate Shoals, most of these have focused on precious coral depth ranges (~300-500 m), and none of them have surveyed submarine canyons. Therefore, this dive was planned to explore both an undersurveyed habitat and depth range for this area of the Monument. The target start point of the dive was a flat surface located at the base of the canyon at a depth of 1430 m. The plan was for the ROV to move towards the west and up the wall of the canyon, documenting the fauna of the canyon wall, as well as opportunistically collecting biological or geological samples. The final target depth of the dive was at the top of the canyon wall at a depth of 1090 m.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 336 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 151 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 746 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 3.69 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 3.92 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 5.6 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 123 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

South of Pioneer Bank

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: March 2, 2016
Max Depth: 2361.8 Meters
Bottom Time: 4 Hours 58 Minutes 56 Seconds

Purpose

This dive was located on a rift zone ridge extending to the south of Pioneer Bank. Previous dives on the ridge have been conducted by both the Okeanos Explorer in 2015 (maximum depth = 2119 m) and the Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory in 2003 (maximum depth = 1813 and 1825 m). These dives documented one of the largest communities of deep-sea corals and sponges in the Monument. This high-density community extends for at least 5 miles at depths ranging between 1800-2100 m along the top of the ridge. The objective of this dive was to survey the area below previous dives on the ridge in order to determine the lower depth limit of the high-density community. The target start point of the dive was approximately 5 miles south of the dive conducted on Pioneer Bank Ridge by the Okeanos Explorer in 2015. The plan was for the ROV to land on the ridge crest at a depth of 2390 m, and then move along the ridge towards the north until a final target depth of 2258 m, documenting the density of corals and sponges.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 392 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 104 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 825 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.79 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.42 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 6.26 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 241 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

North of Pioneer Bank

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: March 4, 2016
Max Depth: 1518.1 Meters
Bottom Time: 5 Hours 6 Minutes 17 Seconds

Purpose

This dive was located on a headwall scarp on the north side of Pioneer Bank, which included a steep pinnacle with a vertical relief of ~400 m. The objective of the dive was to survey along the flanks and summit of the pinnacle for high-density communities of corals and sponges. Additionally, the ROV planned to opportunistically collect rock samples, as the geological age of Pioneer Bank has not yet been determined. The target start point of the dive was on a flat surface located at the bottom of the headwall scarp at 1532 m. The plan was for the ROV to move west and up the wall until a depth of 1300 m. At this point, the ROV would move north towards the pinnacle and climb up the flanks of the pinnacle until reaching its summit at 1145 m.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 408 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 113 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 827 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.59 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.59 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 6.26 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 100 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

Unnamed Seamount 1

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: March 5, 2016
Max Depth: 1758.9 Meters
Bottom Time: 6 Hours 16 Minutes 42 Seconds

Purpose

This dive was located on a ridge extending to the southwest of an unnamed seamount located east of Bank 9. The unnamed seamount had never been previously surveyed, and therefore its geological age is unknown. The objectives of this dive were to (1) collect rock samples that could be used to determine the geological age of the seamount, and (2) survey for high-density communities of corals and sponges along the ridge and summit of the seamount. The target start point of the dive was on the ridge crest at a depth of 1779 m. The plan was for the ROV to move up the ridge until reaching the highest point of the seamount at ~1600 m. Then, the ROV would survey towards the northwest along a flat plateau located at the top of the seamount until running out of bottom time.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 344 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 148 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 819 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.96 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.65 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 6.62 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 92.9 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

Unnamed Seamount 2 (Shark Tooth Bank)

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; US EEZ south of Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: March 9, 2016
Max Depth: 1294 Meters
Bottom Time: 8 Hours 44 Minutes 42 Seconds

Purpose

This dive was located on the top portion of an unnamed seamount west of Salmon Bank. The seamount was mapped for the first time during this expedition and had never been previously surveyed. Therefore, its geological age and fauna was completely unknown. The objectives of this dive were to (1) collect rock samples that could be used to determine the geological age of the seamount, and (2) survey biological communities over a large depth gradient that transversed the oxygen minimum layer (~800-1000 m). The target start point of the dive was on the crest of a ridge that extends to the south of the seamount at a depth of 1261 m. The plan was for the ROV to move north along the crest of the ridge until a depth of 701 m. At this point, the ROV would move west along the top of the seamount until reaching a final target depth of 669 m.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 392 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 221 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 980 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 6.01 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 5.77 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 6.43 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 178 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

Castellano Seamount

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; US EEZ south of Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: March 10, 2016
Max Depth: 2020.6 Meters
Bottom Time: 5 Hours 32 Minutes 46 Seconds

Purpose

This dive was located on a ridge extending to the southeast of Castellano Seamount. This seamount had never been previously surveyed and therefore its geology and biological communities were completely unknown. The objectives of this dive were to (1) survey for high-density communities of corals and sponges along the ridge, and (2) collect rock samples that could be used to determine the geological age of the seamount. The target start point of the dive was on the ridge of the crest at 2015 m. The plan was for the ROV the head northwest along the ridge crest until a final target depth of 1700 m. The ridge crest was hypothesized to be the lower portion of the crest along a landslide scarp which has over-steepened slopes typical of such features.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 400 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 136 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 879 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 5 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.78 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 5.23 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 121 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool

Unnamed Seamount 3

Dive Track

Area

North Pacific Ocean; US EEZ south of Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Overview

Date: March 11, 2016
Max Depth: 3995.6 Meters
Bottom Time: 3 Hours 15 Minutes 35 Seconds

Purpose

This dive was on a ridge located on the top portion of an unnamed seamount. The seamount is located ~200 miles south of Midway and was chosen as the last dive site of this expedition due to its geographic position and transit considerations to Kwajalein Atoll. The seamount was only mapped during this expedition and had therefore never been previously surveyed. The objectives of this dive were to (1) survey for biological communities along the ridge, and (2) collect rock samples that could be used to determine the geological age of the seamount. The target start point of the dive was on the ridge crest at 4007 m. The plan was for the ROV to move east along the ridge crest towards the summit until running out of bottom time.

Download & View Files

Dive Summary Report (PDF - 344 KB) View/Download Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Dive Summary Report
Dive Track (KML - 33.2 KB) View/Download Requires Google Earth or equivalent client to view the Dive Track
ROV Ancillary Data (Zip - 734 KB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
ROV CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 5 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Camera Sled CTD/Sensor Data (Zip - 4.59 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Low-Resolution Video Clips (Zip - 2.67 GB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Underwater Still Images (Zip - 124 MB) Download Note: Link takes you to a public FTP server
Dive Video Collection Self-Service Portal Open Note: Link takes you to an online video discovery and access tool