Continental Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

November 2021
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.67 +3.01 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 11th 2016 +3.56 +6.41
Coolest 102nd 1955 -2.31 -4.16
South America +0.99 +1.78 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 9th 2019 +1.66 +2.99
Coolest 104th 1917 -0.86 -1.55
Europe +1.32 +2.38 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 15th 2015 +2.47 +4.45
Coolest 98th 1993 -2.52 -4.54
Africa +1.61 +2.90 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 1st 2021 +1.61 +2.90
Coolest 112th 1982 -0.73 -1.31
Asia +1.92 +3.46 +0.16 +0.29 Warmest 9th 2013 +2.99 +5.38
Coolest 104th 1952 -2.41 -4.34
Oceania -0.23 -0.41 +0.10 +0.18 Warmest 80th 2020 +2.11 +3.80
Coolest 33rd 1916 -1.71 -3.08

Year To Date

January - November 2021
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.40 +2.52 +0.13 +0.23 Warmest 6th 2016 +2.05 +3.69
Coolest 107th 1917 -1.03 -1.85
South America +1.10 +1.98 +0.15 +0.26 Warmest 6th 2020 +1.43 +2.57
Coolest 107th 1917 -0.92 -1.66
Europe +1.29 +2.32 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 11th 2020 +2.15 +3.87
Coolest 102nd 1956 -1.14 -2.05
Africa +1.34 +2.41 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 3rd 2010 +1.48 +2.66
Coolest 110th 1918 -0.68 -1.22
Asia +1.59 +2.86 +0.17 +0.30 Warmest 7th 2020 +2.21 +3.98
Coolest 106th 1912 -0.87 -1.57
Oceania +0.65 +1.17 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 19th 2013 +1.37 +2.47
Coolest 92nd 1917 -0.89 -1.60
Ties: 2010, 1996

Seasonal

September - November 2021
Continent Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
North America +1.79 +3.22 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 2nd 2016 +2.08 +3.74
Coolest 111th 1919 -1.22 -2.20
South America +1.40 +2.52 +0.15 +0.27 Warmest 3rd 2020 +1.60 +2.88
Coolest 110th 1924 -0.83 -1.49
Europe +1.03 +1.85 +0.13 +0.24 Warmest 16th 2020 +2.25 +4.05
Coolest 97th 1912 -1.89 -3.40
Africa +1.39 +2.50 +0.12 +0.21 Warmest 4th 2016 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 109th 1964 -0.65 -1.17
Asia +1.42 +2.56 +0.14 +0.25 Warmest 6th 2005 +1.84 +3.31
Coolest 107th 1912 -1.66 -2.99
Oceania +0.55 +0.99 +0.12 +0.22 Warmest 30th 2020 +1.74 +3.13
Coolest 81st 1956 -1.07 -1.93
Ties: 1996, 1961

Regional Temperature Anomalies

Current Month

November 2021
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.83 +1.49 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 2nd 2015 +0.98 +1.76
Coolest 110th 1913 -0.72 -1.30
Ties: 2016
Atlantic MDR +0.74 +1.33 +0.08 +0.15 Warmest 7th 2012 +0.90 +1.62
Coolest 106th 1916 -0.70 -1.26
Gulf of Mexico +0.37 +0.67 +0.04 +0.07 Warmest 33rd 1944 +1.56 +2.81
Coolest 79th 1917 -1.31 -2.36
Ties: 1927
Hawaiian Region +0.08 +0.14 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 52nd 2019 +1.62 +2.92
Coolest 60th 1910 -0.96 -1.73
Ties: 1960
East N Pacific +0.59 +1.06 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 19th 2015 +1.46 +2.63
Coolest 94th 1916 -1.31 -2.36

Year To Date

January - November 2021
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.68 +1.22 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 9th 2016 +1.05 +1.89
Coolest 104th 1910 -0.88 -1.58
Atlantic MDR +0.62 +1.12 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 11th 2010 +1.23 +2.21
Coolest 101st 1913 -0.83 -1.49
Ties: 2004
Gulf of Mexico +0.36 +0.65 +0.05 +0.09 Warmest 18th 2020 +0.85 +1.53
Coolest 94th 1910 -0.77 -1.39
Ties: 1982
Hawaiian Region +0.18 +0.32 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 47th 2015 +1.18 +2.12
Coolest 65th 1910 -0.92 -1.66
Ties: 2007
East N Pacific +0.42 +0.76 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 21st 2015 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 92nd 1917 -1.05 -1.89

Seasonal

September - November 2021
Region Anomaly (1910-2000) Trend (1910-2021) Rank
(out of 112 years)
Records
°C °F °C °F Year(s) °C °F
Caribbean Islands +0.81 +1.46 +0.09 +0.16 Warmest 6th 2015 +1.03 +1.85
Coolest 107th 1913 -0.80 -1.44
Atlantic MDR +0.76 +1.37 +0.09 +0.17 Warmest 12th 2015 +0.98 +1.76
Coolest 101st 1913 -0.77 -1.39
Gulf of Mexico +0.51 +0.92 +0.04 +0.08 Warmest 13th 1944 +1.10 +1.98
Coolest 100th 1917 -1.02 -1.84
Hawaiian Region -0.05 -0.09 +0.07 +0.13 Warmest 67th 2015 +1.47 +2.65
Coolest 45th 1933 -1.07 -1.93
Ties: 1962
East N Pacific +0.64 +1.15 +0.08 +0.14 Warmest 12th 2015 +1.52 +2.74
Coolest 100th 1916 -1.36 -2.45
Ties: 2019

Background

The July 2015 Global State of the Climate report introduces the regional analysis report, which focuses on the analysis of temperature anomalies for six continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania.

The regional values, similar to the global values, are derived from the NOAAGlobalTemp data set. The continental polygons are composed of the 5° x 5° grid points with center points in the respective continents. Then, in a similar way to the global analysis, the grid points are weighted by their area and averaged to compute a continental temperature anomaly time series. The anomalies are computed back to 1910, the approximate date by which all continents have station coverage sufficient to resolve values at the regional scale.

This regional analysis complements the global analysis by allowing us to understand and describe the state of an important climate indicator across a continent. It also helps to place the current continental temperature anomalies into historical perspective, displaying how the most current month, season, or year compares to the past.

Please note that all continental anomalies are with respect to the 1910—2000 average.

Region Definitions

Regions 1
Regions 2

References


Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, State of the Climate: Monthly Regional Analysis for November 2021, published online December 2021, retrieved on July 4, 2022 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/global-regions/202111.