Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin’s tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking the real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

Summary

Five named storms occurred across the globe in December. Of those, only Major Cyclone Darian reached tropical cyclone strength (≥74 mph) or major tropical cyclone strength (≥111 mph). The global accumulated cyclone energy (ACE: an integrated metric of the strength, frequency, and duration of tropical storms) was near normal in December.

The West Pacific had one tropical storm in December, and the resulting ACE was below average. Two tropical storms formed in the North Indian Ocean, and the ACE was near normal.

The South Indian Ocean had the only major tropical cyclone in December, Darian, which formed in the Australian region before crossing 90°E. It remained far out to sea with minimal impacts. The ACE for the South Indian Ocean was about three times its normal value for December. The ACE for July-December is nearly twice its normal value.

The Australian region had one other marginal tropical storm in December. The ACE was near normal for December and above normal for July-December. No storms have been active in the Southwest Pacific during July-December, which is not unusual.

North Atlantic

No North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones occurred during December 2022.

North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
00.3
(3 in 10 Decembers)
10th
(tied with 32 other Decembers)
3
(1887)
Hurricane
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 Decembers)
4th
(tied with 38 other Decembers)
1
(7 Decembers)
Major Hurricane
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Decembers)
1st
(tied with 41 other Decembers)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
0.00.8
(8 in 10 Decembers)
10th
(tied with 32 other Decembers)
16.2
(1984)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone December Counts
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1851-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
1414.418th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
30
(2020)
Hurricane
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
87.211th
(tied with 5 other seasons)
15
(2005)
Major Hurricane
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
23.221st
(tied with 10 other seasons)
7
(2005, 2020)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
95.0122.524th258.6
(1933)
North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

East Pacific

No East Pacific Tropical Cyclones occurred during December 2022.

East Pacific Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
00.1
(1 in 10 Decembers)
4th
(tied with 38 other Decembers)
1
(5 Decembers)
Hurricane
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Decembers)
2nd
(tied with 40 other Decembers)
1
(1957, 1983)
Major Hurricane
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Decembers)
1st
(tied with 41 other Decembers)
0
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
0.00.2
(2 in 10 Decembers)
4th
(tied with 38 other Decembers)
11.7
(1957)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone December Counts
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1949-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
1917.016th
(tied with 4 other seasons)
27
(1992)
Hurricane
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
108.813th
(tied with 5 other seasons)
16
(1990, 1992, 2014, 2015)
Major Hurricane
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
44.621st
(tied with 4 other seasons)
11
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
117.0132.821st318.1
(2018)
East Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

West Pacific

December 2022 West Pacific Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Pakhar Storm Track
TSDecember 11Dec 11-1260 mph992 mb
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
11.423rd
(tied with 13 other Decembers)
4
(1952, 1986, 2001)
Typhoon
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
00.8
(8 in 10 Decembers)
29th
(tied with 13 other Decembers)
3
(1986)
Major Typhoon
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
00.5
(5 in 10 Decembers)
21st
(tied with 21 other Decembers)
2
(8 Decembers)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
1.113.735th72.1
(1959)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone December Counts
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1945-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
2226.335th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
38
(1964)
Typhoon
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
1216.134th
(tied with 3 other seasons)
26
(1964)
Major Typhoon
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
59.437th
(tied with 2 other seasons)
16
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
160.6299.737th588.3
(1997)
West Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

North Indian

December 2022 North Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Mandoug Storm Track
TSDecember 8Dec 8-960 mph989 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSDecember 15Dec 15-1650 mph999 mb
North Indian Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
20.9
(9 in 10 Decembers)
2nd
(tied with 6 other Decembers)
3
(2005)
Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
00.3
(3 in 10 Decembers)
11th
(tied with 31 other Decembers)
1
(10 Decembers)
Major Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
00.0
(0 in 10 Decembers)
2nd
(tied with 40 other Decembers)
1
(2017)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
2.62.814th11.0
(2017)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone December Counts
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
75.56th
(tied with 2 other seasons)
11
(1992)
Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
12.123rd
(tied with 12 other seasons)
6
(2019)
Major Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
01.126th
(tied with 16 other seasons)
5
(2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
10.624.634th93.0
(2019)
North Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

South Indian

December 2022 South Indian Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Darian Storm Track
4December 18Dec 18-31155 mph922 mb
South Indian Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
11.418th
(tied with 13 other Decembers)
4
(1980)
Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
10.7
(7 in 10 Decembers)
6th
(tied with 16 other Decembers)
3
(2014, 2020)
Major Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
10.5
(5 in 10 Decembers)
4th
(tied with 9 other Decembers)
3
(2014)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
31.310.15th54.9
(2014)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone December Counts
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
33.016th
(tied with 8 other seasons)
6
(1997)
Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
11.216th
(tied with 13 other seasons)
3
(7 seasons)
Major Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
10.8
(8 in 10 seasons)
8th
(tied with 10 other seasons)
3
(2014, 2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
33.818.77th71.2
(1997)
South Indian Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July-December 2022

Australia

December 2022 Australia Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Darian Storm Track
4December 18Dec 18-31155 mph922 mb
Ellie Storm Track
TSDecember 22Dec 2245 mph994 mb
Value occurred in the South Indian
Australia Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
21.56th
(tied with 15 other Decembers)
4
(1997)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
10.8
(8 in 10 Decembers)
6th
(tied with 17 other Decembers)
2
(6 Decembers)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
10.4
(4 in 10 Decembers)
2nd
(tied with 9 other Decembers)
2
(2014)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
10.58.815th33.7
(1999)
Australia Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Australia Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
42.35th
(tied with 4 other seasons)
7
(1997)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
11.0
(10 in 10 seasons)
8th
(tied with 19 other seasons)
3
(1996, 1999)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
10.4
(4 in 10 seasons)
2nd
(tied with 10 other seasons)
2
(2014)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
12.710.59th42.6
(1999)
Australia Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July-December 2022

Southwest Pacific

No Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclones occurred during December 2022.

Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
00.7
(7 in 10 Decembers)
23rd
(tied with 20 other Decembers)
3
(5 Decembers)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
00.5
(5 in 10 Decembers)
16th
(tied with 27 other Decembers)
2
(1987, 1992, 2013)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
00.3
(3 in 10 Decembers)
8th
(tied with 35 other Decembers)
2
(1992, 2013)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
0.06.323rd
(tied with 20 other Decembers)
47.1
(1992)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season Counts July-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1956-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
01.326th
(tied with 17 other seasons)
6
(1998)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
00.7
(7 in 10 seasons)
19th
(tied with 24 other seasons)
4
(1998)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
00.4
(4 in 10 seasons)
11th
(tied with 32 other seasons)
2
(1992, 2013)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
0.08.525th
(tied with 18 other seasons)
47.2
(1992)
Southwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks July-December 2022

Global

December 2022 Global Tropical Cyclones
Name Maximum
Category
Max
Cat
Dates
>39 mph
Maximum Sustained Winds Minimum Central Pressure
Mandoug Storm Track
TSDecember 8Dec 8-960 mph989 mb
Pakhar Storm Track
TSDecember 11Dec 11-1260 mph992 mb
Not_Named Storm Track
TSDecember 15Dec 15-1650 mph999 mb
Darian Storm Track
4December 18Dec 18-31155 mph922 mb
Ellie Storm Track
TSDecember 22Dec 2245 mph994 mb
Global Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
56.125th
(tied with 5 other Decembers)
10
(1996, 1998)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
13.037th
(tied with 5 other Decembers)
6
(1991, 1998, 2019)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
11.616th
(tied with 20 other Decembers)
4
(1991, 2012, 2013, 2019)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
45.443.518th88.7
(2012)
Global Tropical Cyclone December Counts
Global Tropical Cyclone Season Counts January-December 2022
Storm Type Count 1991-2020
Mean
1981-2022
Rank*
1972-2022
Record
Tropical Storm
Winds ≥ 39 mph (34 kts)
8888.018th
(tied with 1 other season)
106
(2020)
Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 74 mph (64 kts)
4047.833rd
(tied with 1 other season)
59
(1990, 2018)
Major Tropical Cyclone
Winds ≥ 111 mph (96 kts)
1725.738th
(tied with 1 other season)
39
(2015)
Accumulated Cyclone Energy
ACE×10⁴ kt²
556.6784.339th1,148.5
(1992)
Global Tropical Cyclone Storm Tracks January-December 2022

Data Description

The data in this report are derived from NCEI's IBTrACS dataset (Knapp et al. 2010; Schreck et al. 2014). IBTrACS tropical cyclone track and intensity data from agencies and sources around the globe. In this report, data from NOAA's National Hurricane Center (NHC) are used for the North Atlantic and East Pacific. The other basins use data from the U.S. Military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

Historical values use the "best track" data that have been analyzed by forecasters after the season using all available data. Operational procedures and observing systems have changed with time and between regions, which makes these data heterogeneous. Intensity data are generally the most reliable since the early 1970s in the Atlantic (Landsea and Franklin 2013) and since the mid-1980s in other regions (Chu et al. 2002). The number of short-lived storms (≤2 days) has also increased since around 2000 due to improvements in observations and analysis techniques (Landsea et al. 2010).

Values for the current year are provisional values from the operational forecast advisories. IBTrACS obtains these from NCEP's TC Vitals, the NCAR Tropical Cyclone Guidance Project, and NHC provisional data. These values are subject to change during the post-season best track analysis. They also only include 6-hourly storm fixes, which means they may miss special advisories at landfall, peak intensity, etc.

The tropical cyclone seasons in the Southern Hemisphere begin in July and end in June, while the Northern Hemisphere seasons are counted from January to December. Storms are counted in all basins, months, and years in which they occur, which means some storms may appear more than once. However, the global totals only include each storm one time.

References

  • Chu, J.-H., C. R. Sampson, A. S. Levine, and E. Fukada, 2002: The joint typhoon warning center tropical cyclone best-tracks, 1945–2000. Naval Research Laboratory, Reference Number NRL/MR/7540-02-16, 22 pp., https://www.metoc.navy.mil/jtwc/products/best-tracks/tc-bt-report.html.
  • Knapp, K. R., M. C. Kruk, D. H. Levinson, H. J. Diamond, and C. J. Neumann, 2010: The International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 363–376, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009BAMS2755.1.
  • Landsea, C. W., and J. L. Franklin, 2013: Atlantic Hurricane database uncertainty and presentation of a new database format. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 3576–3592, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00254.1.
  • ——, G. A. Vecchi, L. Bengtsson, and T. R. Knutson, 2010: Impact of duration thresholds on Atlantic tropical cyclone counts. J. Climate, 23, 2508–2519, https://doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI3034.1.
  • Schreck, C. J., K. R. Knapp, and J. P. Kossin, 2014: The Impact of Best Track Discrepancies on Global Tropical Cyclone Climatologies using IBTrACS. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 3881–3899, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00021.1.

Citing This Report

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information, Monthly Tropical Cyclones Report for December 2022, published online January 2023, retrieved on March 4, 2024 from https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/monitoring/monthly-report/tropical-cyclones/202212.