NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp), Version 6.0.0

NOAAGlobalTemp

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The NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp) is a monthly global merged land-ocean surface temperature analysis product that is derived from two independent analyses. The first is the Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) analysis and the second is a land surface air temperature (LSAT) analysis that uses the Global Historical Climatology Network - Monthly (GHCN-M) temperature database. The NOAAGlobalTemp data set contains global surface temperatures in gridded (5° × 5°) and monthly resolution time series (from 1850 to present time) data files. The product is used in climate monitoring assessments of near-surface temperatures on a global scale. This version, v6.0.0, an updated version to the current operational release v5.1.0, is implemented by an Artificial Neural Network method to improve the surface temperature reconstruction over the land.
  • Cite as: Huang, Boyin; Yin, Xungang; Menne, Matthew J.; Vose, Russell S.; and Zhang, Huai-Min. 2023. NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp), Version 6.0.0. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/{{DOI}}. Accessed [date].
  • NCEI DSI 6149_05
  • gov.noaa.ncdc:C01704
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • NetCDF
  • Fixed-length ASCII Text
Ordering InstructionsContact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
DistributorNOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Huai-Min Zhang
Physical Scientist
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
huai-min.zhang@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Boyin Huang
Physical Scientist
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
boyin.huang@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Xungang Yin
Physical Scientist
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
xungang.yin@noaa.gov
Time Period1850-01 to Present (time interval: 1-month)
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Improvements to NOAA's Historical Merged Land-Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (1880 -2006)
  • NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp), Version 5.1
    • NCEI landing page for the superseded Version 5.1.
      Immediate predecessor to the Version 6.0.0 dataset. Version 5.1 of the dataset has been superseded by a newer version. Users should not use version 5.1 except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used version 5.1).
  • NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp), Version 5.0
    • NCEI landing page for the superseded Version 5.
      Immediate predecessor to the Version 5.1 dataset. Version 5.0 of the dataset has been superseded by a newer version. Users should not use version 5.0 except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used version 5.0).
  • NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset, Version 4.0
    • NCEI landing page for the superseded Version 4.
      Immediate predecessor to the Version 5.0 dataset. Version 4 of the dataset has been superseded by a newer version. Users should not use version 4 except in rare cases (e.g., when reproducing previous studies that used version 4).
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2023-02-21
EditionVersion 6.0.0
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress StatusOngoing - data is continually being updated
Data Update Frequency Monthly
PurposeThis dataset is for climate research, monitoring and assessment.
Use Limitations
  • For a complete description of use limitations for this data set, see the associated documents.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Huang, Boyin; Yin, Xungang; Menne, Matthew J.; Vose, Russell S.; and Zhang, Huai-Min. 2023. NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp), Version 6.0.0. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/{{DOI}}. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
  • Huang, Boyin
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Yin, Xungang
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Menne, Matthew J.
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Vose, Russell S.
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Zhang, Huai-Min
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Contributors
  • Huang, Boyin
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Yin, Xungang
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Menne, Matthew J.
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Vose, Russell S.
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • Zhang, Huai-Min
    NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywordsGlobal Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
  • Earth Science > Land Surface > Surface Thermal Properties > Land Surface Temperature
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Atmospheric/Ocean Indicators > Sea Surface Temperature Indices
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Essential Climate Variables (ECVs)
  • Oceanic - Surface - Sea-surface Temperature
  • Atmospheric - Surface - Air Temperature
Data Center keywordsGlobal Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywordsGlobal Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global Land
  • Geographic Region > Global Ocean
Stratum keywordsGlobal Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Vertical Location > Land Surface
  • Vertical Location > Sea Surface
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Huang, Boyin; Yin, Xungang; Menne, Matthew J.; Vose, Russell S.; and Zhang, Huai-Min. 2023. NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp), Version 6.0.0. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/{{DOI}}. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage StatementThe NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp) combines a global sea surface (water) temperature (SST) dataset with a global land surface air temperature dataset into this merged dataset of both the Earth's land and ocean surface temperatures. The SST dataset is the Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST). The land surface air temperature dataset is similar to ERSST, but uses data from the Global Historical Climatology Network Monthly (GHCNM) database. The data were produced by and are archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
Processing Steps
  • NOAA Global Surface Temperature Dataset (NOAAGlobalTemp) combines Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) and data from the Global Historical Climatology Network Monthly (GHCNM) database.
Source Datasets
  • Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST)
    • Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST)
      Landing page for ERSST
    • Description of Source: The sea surface temperature data was provided by the latest Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) version 4
    • Temporal extent used: 1850-01-01 to Present
    • Spatial extent used: N:90 S:90 E:180 W:180
  • Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN)
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2024-02-16
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.info@noaa.gov