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Dataset Overview | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Version 4 (Version Superseded)

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

browse graphicGlobal image of daily NDVI
**Please note, this dataset version has been superseded. Please use the current dataset version instead (see details below).** This dataset contains gridded daily Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) derived from the NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Surface Reflectance. The data record spans from 1981 to 10 days before the present using data from eight NOAA polar orbiting satellites: NOAA-7, -9, -11, -14, -16, -17, -18 and -19. The data are projected on a 0.05 degree x 0.05 degree global grid. This dataset is one of the Land Surface CDR Version 4 products produced produced by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and the University of Maryland (UMD). Improvements made for Version 4 include 1) additional data from NOAA satellites extending the time period, 2) improved geolocation accuracy from use of OLE instead of TLE, 3) center of the grid is used as the reference, and 4) data value of a grid cell is computed as an average of available good observations. The dataset is in the netCDF-4 file format following ACDD and CF Conventions. The dataset is accompanied by algorithm documentation, data flow diagram and source code for the NOAA CDR Program.
  • Cite as: Vermote, Eric; Justice, Chris; Csiszar, Ivan; Eidenshink, Jeff; Myneni, Ranga B.; Baret, Frederic; Masuoka, Ed; Wolfe, Robert E.; Claverie, Martin; NOAA CDR Program. (2014): NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Version 4. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5PZ56R6. Accessed [date].
gov.noaa.ncdc:C00813
Other Access
  • NCEI Customer Service (offlineAccess)
    This dataset is not currently available for direct download from NCEI. Please contact NCEI to request data from the offline archive.
Distribution Formats
  • NetCDF (Version: 4)
    • File Specification: The NetCDF data files comply with the Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Conventions and the NetCDF Attribute Convention for Dataset Discovery (ACDD).
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact NOAA Climate Data Record Program Office
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
land_sfc_bundle_contacts@noaa.gov
Time Period 1981-06-24 to 2019-05-16 (time interval: 1-day)
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90.0
S: -90.0
E: 180.0
W: -180.0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Processing Documents
  • Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Source Code
  • Flowcharts Vegetation CDR
  • Climate Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (C-ATBD)
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2014-05-21
Edition Version 4
Data Presentation Form Digital image
Dataset Progress Status Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency Not planned
Purpose This dataset was produced to provide a high quality Climate Data Record (CDR) of Normalized Differential Vegetation Index (NDVI) for detecting drought-stressed regions, forecasting agricultural yields, and forestry and crop management. The NDVI CDR summarizes the measurement of surface vegetation coverage activity. The surface reflectance calculations in the red and the near infrared spectral bands derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) provide NDVI values. The NDVI CDR produces daily output on a 0.05 degree by 0.05 degree global grid dating back to 1981. This consistent, long-term record of remotely sensed vegetation observations allows scientists to characterize the health of vegetation in different regions across the world.
Use Limitations
  • The time variable in the data files has values that are too large by one (1) day. See the Technical Note.
  • See the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (ATBD) for a description of this dataset's use limitations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Vermote, Eric; Justice, Chris; Csiszar, Ivan; Eidenshink, Jeff; Myneni, Ranga B.; Baret, Frederic; Masuoka, Ed; Wolfe, Robert E.; Claverie, Martin; NOAA CDR Program. (2014): NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Version 4. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5PZ56R6. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
  • Vermote, Eric
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Justice, Chris
    University of Maryland
  • Csiszar, Ivan A.
    NOAA Center for Satellite Applications and Research
  • Eidenshink, Jeff
    USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
  • Myneni, Ranga B.
    Boston University
  • Baret, Frederic
    French National Institute for Agricultural Research
  • Masuoka, Edward
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Wolfe, Robert E.
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Claverie, Martin
    University of Maryland
  • NOAA CDR Program
Principal Investigators
Collaborators
  • Justice, Chris
    University of Maryland
  • Csiszar, Ivan A.
    NOAA Center for Satellite Applications and Research
  • Eidenshink, Jeff
    USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
  • Myneni, Ranga B.
    Boston University
  • Baret, Frederic
    French National Institute for Agricultural Research
  • Masuoka, Edward
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Wolfe, Robert E.
    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Claverie, Martin
    University of Maryland
  • NOAA CDR Program
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
  • NOAA National Climatic Data Center
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Biosphere > Vegetation > Vegetation Index > Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • NASA/GSFC > Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA
  • UMD > University of Maryland
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • NOAA-7 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-7
  • NOAA-9 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-9
  • NOAA-11 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-11
  • NOAA-14 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-14
  • NOAA-16 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-16
  • NOAA-17 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-17
  • NOAA-18 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-18
  • NOAA-19 > National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-19
Instrument keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global Land
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) Program
  • NOAA OneStop Project
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Vermote, Eric; Justice, Chris; Csiszar, Ivan; Eidenshink, Jeff; Myneni, Ranga B.; Baret, Frederic; Masuoka, Ed; Wolfe, Robert E.; Claverie, Martin; NOAA CDR Program. (2014): NOAA Climate Data Record (CDR) of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Version 4. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.7289/V5PZ56R6. Accessed [date].
  • See the Use Agreement for this CDR.
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Lineage Statement This dataset was produced by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and the University of Maryland (UMD), and is archived at the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
Processor
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
  • University of Maryland
Processing Steps
  • For a description of the processing steps, see the Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document and the Data Flow Diagram for this dataset.
Processing Environment The CDR code is run on an 8-core 2.5GHz 64-bit Xeon server, running CentOS Linux 5.9 x86_64. The code was compiled with C-compiler GCC 4.4.7. The main C-libraries were: HDF5 8.88, HDF 4.2r4, NetCDF 4.2, Zlib 1.2, szip. A full year of AVH09C1 and AVH13C1 products were processed in 3.5 days corersponding approximately to a 100x speed.
Processing Documents
    • Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Source Code
    • Flowcharts Vegetation CDR
    • Climate Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document (C-ATBD)
Source Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Last Modified: 2019-11-18
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