Physical and optical oceanographic data collected from moored buoys in the Bering Strait and Chukchi Sea from 09/03/1990 to 07/20/2005 (NCEI Accession 0049437)


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            title:  Physical and optical oceanographic data collected from moored buoys in the Bering Strait and Chukchi Sea from 09/03/1990 to 07/20/2005 (NCEI Accession 0049437)
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/ca8de50f-b795-42b7-9301-8baffe2de0f3 ADCP > Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/01cc0beb-7c9a-40ed-ad86-0661b41aee53 CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
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              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/0ae93838-ebae-43cf-89bb-f6638300e385 CURRENT METERS
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2019-11-12
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/fbcd0c2b-f8ac-4199-9a37-5e7a39150730 MOORINGS
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/1bb21d0f-bf48-42b5-8e09-cc0d58407e4a SHIPS
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://vocab.ices.dk/services/pox/GetCodeDetail/SHIPC/31HX ALPHA HELIX (ICES code: 31HX)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://vocab.ices.dk/services/pox/GetCodeDetail/SHIPC/3164 MOORINGS (ICES code: 3164)
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                title:  ICES/SeaDataNet Ship Codes
                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/7e35ea67-a0c9-49fa-97de-e5f8f5b9ee6d OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN > CHUKCHI SEA
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://gcmdservices.gsfc.nasa.gov/kms/concept/d85ae1ed-4b5f-440d-aaf0-7f9d605fec3b OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN > BERING SEA
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                    date:  2019-11-12
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  9
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                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1990-09-03
                    endPosition:  2005-07-20
        supplementalInformation:  Cruise Reports: HX260 HX274 HX290
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0049437 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-01-19T19:16:40Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0049437 v1.1
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                                    description:  published 2011-01-19T19:16:40Z
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                description:  NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
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                  DateTime:  2015-04-22T00:00:00
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
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                code:  absorption and beam attenuation meter
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                code:  ADCP
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            description:  Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler The Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) measures currents beneath a ship while underway. Sound signals sent from the moving ship bounce back to receivers aboard the ship. This provides a profile of water movement relative to the ship-precise modern navigation, allowing the ship's motion to be subtracted from the data. These devices are also used on moorings and profilers and, along with acoustic backscattering, measure animal biomass. Particles in the path of the sound waves, mostly plankton, reflect a small part of the sound energy back toward receivers, allowing researchers to make remote estimates of the sizes and numbers of animals present in the water column. Before the 1970's, the most technologically advanced instrument used to measure water velocity was known as a Doppler speed log. This evolved into the first commercial ADCP, produced in the mid-1970's, which used averaging. Later in the 1970's, the first vessel-mounted ADCP was developed to measure water velocity more accurately and to allow measurement in range cells over a depth profile. As instruments evolved, so did new techniques in Doppler signal processing. Initially, Doppler speed logs used simple analog signal processing methods, which are still used in some commercial speed logs today. However, the first ADCPs incorporated analog-to-digital signal conversion over a narrow communication bandwidth. Around 1990, this technique was developed into broadband signal processing. Since then, broadband ADCPs have been able to generate very accurate, real-time velocity measurements.
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                code:  current meter
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        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  fluorometer
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        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  irradiance detector
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                code:  transmissometer
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  MOORINGS
            description:  MOORINGS
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  RV Alpha Helix
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the platform ALPHA HELIX from UNITED STATES. Name : ALPHA HELIX Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WSD7078 Title : RV Platform Class : Research vessel IMO : 6600905 Commissioned Date : 1966 Current Length : 41 Built : 1966 Notes : In 2007 University of Alaska Fairbanks sold the vessel to Stabbert Maritime Information Source : http://www.rvdata.us/voc/vessel (URL) Lloyds URL : http://www.seasearcher.com/lmiu/vessels/overview.htm?vesselID=70572
            instrument: (missing)