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National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites at Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Kingman Reef in the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument between 2015-04-11 and 2017-04-06 (NCEI Accession 0187560)

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The ocean acidification diel suite is an autonomous instrument package that measures diel variability in coral reef seawater carbonate chemistry. Diel suite surveys are conducted by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) within coral reef ecosystems across the Pacific Islands Region as part of the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP). The data provided in this data set are from diel suites deployed during ESD-led missions at select sites in the Pacific Remote Island Areas. Diel surveys were conducted during NCRMP missions aboard NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai at Jarvis Island, Kingman Reef, and Palmyra Atoll from April 11-28, 2015 and again at Jarvis from April 2-6, 2017. Diel surveys were also conducted at Jarvis in collaboration with Anne Cohen’s lab at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution during a special mission aboard NOAA Ship Oscar Elton Sette from May 16-23, 2016.

Diel suites were deployed on the reef for at least 24 hours to measure in-situ salinity, temperature, pressure, pH, and current direction and magnitude. Seawater samples were also collected for laboratory analyses of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA). Components of the carbonate system--including pH, pCO2 (partial pressure of carbon dioxide), and aragonite saturation state--are calculated from DIC, TA, temperature, salinity and pressure. Each diel suite typically consisted of: 1 SBE-19plus CTD sensor, 1 Nortek Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP), 1 Satlantic SeaFET Ocean pH sensor, and up to 9 Programmable Underwater Collectors (PUCs), each of which collected 1 water sample at 4-hour intervals. For the 2016 deployments at Jarvis, an SBE-37 MicroCAT was used to collect conductivity and temperature data instead of a SBE-19plus v2 SeaCAT. Pressure data are not available from the MicroCAT, so pressure data from the ADCP are included in the data package instead. Instruments deployed, samples collected, and sample intervals are recorded in the meta file enclosed with the data package, and exceptions to the standard diel suite are also noted.
  • Cite as: Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2019). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites at Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Kingman Reef in the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument between 2015-04-11 and 2017-04-06 (NCEI Accession 0187560). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0187560. Accessed [date].
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Distributor NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2015-04-11 to 2017-04-06
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 6.3925
S: -.3717
E: -159.979
W: -162.342
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2019-04-19
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
Submission Package ID: F66B8M
Purpose Manual seawater sampling and other National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) field monitoring efforts are limited to daylight hour operations. As a result, these data sets do not capture full 24-hour variability in coral reef physical and chemical environments. The ocean acidification diel suite was developed to increase the temporal resolution and coverage of oceanographic and carbonate chemistry measurements and contextualize daytime sampling within the full diel cycle. The NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) details a long-term approach to provide an ecosystem perspective via monitoring climate, fish, benthic, and socioeconomic variables in a consistent and integrated manner. The NCRMP is intended to coordinate various NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) biological, physical, and human dimensions activities into a cohesive NOAA-wide effort. Through the implementation of the NCRMP, NOAA will be able to clearly and concisely communicate results of national-scale monitoring to national, state, and territorial policy makers, resource managers, and the public on a periodic basis. NCRMP provides a framework for conducting sustained observations of biological, climate, and socioeconomic indicators at 10 priority coral reefs across the U.S. and its territories. This integrated approach consolidates monitoring of coral reefs under a uniform method in the Pacific, Atlantic, Caribbean, and the Gulf of Mexico for the first time. NCRMP is funded by the CRCP and supported by NOAA Fisheries, NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), NOAA Coral Reef Watch, and many other partners. The Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Ecosystem Sciences Division (ESD) at NOAA Fisheries is leading in-situ climate monitoring in the U.S. Pacific Islands Region as part of the ongoing Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP). The climate component of NCRMP in the Pacific provides a comprehensive view of climate change impacts on coral reef ecosystems and helps identify areas of resilience and vulnerability. The key indicators used to identify and monitor climate-driven trends include 1) thermal stress caused by changes in sea temperature, 2) ocean acidification resulting from changes in carbonate chemistry, and 3) ecological impacts by collecting data on coral growth rates, erosion, and community structure to understand the impacts of thermal stress and ocean acidification on the ecosystem. Each year, ESD scientists work closely with CRCP and partners during Pacific RAMP missions to collect data using moored oceanographic (subsurface temperature recorders) and ecological (calcification accretion units [CAUs] and autonomous reef monitoring structures [ARMS]) instruments stationed at fixed sites in the Pacific Ocean, and water samples collected by divers. The in-situ data and satellite-based observations are also used in modeling efforts. Innovative analysis techniques are used to develop products that give fellow scientists, managers, decision makers and the public a better understanding of a region's resources and how they are changing over time.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2019). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites at Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Kingman Reef in the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument between 2015-04-11 and 2017-04-06 (NCEI Accession 0187560). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0187560. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
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Acknowledgments
  • Related Funding Agency: US DOC; NOAA; NOS; Coral Reef Conservation Program
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
  • Numeric Data Sets > Chemistry
  • Numeric Data Sets > Oceanography
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Chemical
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Physical
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Alkalinity
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Calcification
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbon Dioxide > Partial Pressure
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbonate Chemistry
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Chemistry Monitoring and Assessment
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Climate Change
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolution
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolved Gases
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Dissolved Inorganic Carbon
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Ocean Acidification
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Saturation State
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > pH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Circulation
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Circulation > Water Current Direction
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Circulation > Water Velocity
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Temperature > Water Temperature
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Conductivity
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Density
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Salinity/Density > Salinity
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Provider Keywords
  • REA
  • Rapid Ecological Assessment
  • diel
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS Contributing Data Centers
  • CRED
  • CREP
  • Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
  • Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
  • ESD
  • Ecosystem Sciences Division
  • PIFSC
  • Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords ICES/SeaDataNet Ship Codes
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Provider Instruments
  • Moored CTD
  • Programmable Underwater Collector (PUC)
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS CoRIS Place Thesaurus
  • COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
  • COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
  • COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > USA Minor Outlying Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
  • OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Jarvis Island (00S160W0001)
  • OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Kingman Reef (06N162W0001)
  • OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Line Islands > Palmyra Atoll (05N162W0001)
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CRCP Project
  • 743
  • National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP)
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2019). National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Diel seawater carbonate chemistry observations from a suite of instrumentation deployed at coral reef sites at Jarvis Island, Palmyra Atoll, and Kingman Reef in the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument between 2015-04-11 and 2017-04-06 (NCEI Accession 0187560). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0187560. Accessed [date].
Access Constraints
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2019-04-19T22:40:03Z - NCEI Accession 0187560 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: WATER TEMPERATURE (measured); Units: degrees Celsius; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD - moored CTD; Sampling and Analyzing Method: CTD data were collected by a Sea Bird Electronics 19plus v2 SeaCAT at 5-min intervals in 2015 and 10-sec intervals in 2017. In 2016 an SBE-37 MicroCAT was used to collect conductivity and temperature data instead of a SBE-19plus v2 SeaCAT at 20-sec or 1-min intervals.; Data Quality Method: Data are uploaded as HEX files, converted to CNV using SBE Data Processing Software, and converted to CSV using the 'oce' package in R..
  • Parameter or Variable: PRESSURE - WATER [HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE] (measured); Units: decibar; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD - moored CTD or ADCP; Sampling and Analyzing Method: CTD data were collected by a Sea Bird Electronics 19plus v2 SeaCAT at 5-min intervals in 2015 and 10-sec intervals in 2017. In 2016 an SBE-37 MicroCAT was used to collect conductivity and temperature data instead of a SBE-19plus v2 SeaCAT at 20-sec or 1-min intervals. Pressure data are not available from the MicroCAT, so pressure data from the ADCP are included in the data package instead.; Data Quality Method: Data are uploaded as HEX files, converted to CNV using SBE Data Processing Software, and converted to CSV using the 'oce' package in R..
  • Parameter or Variable: CONDUCTIVITY (measured); Units: Siemens per meter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD - moored CTD; Sampling and Analyzing Method: CTD data were collected by a Sea Bird Electronics 19plus v2 SeaCAT at 5-min intervals in 2015 and 10-sec intervals in 2017. In 2016 an SBE-37 MicroCAT was used to collect conductivity and temperature data instead of a SBE-19plus v2 SeaCAT at 20-sec or 1-min intervals.; Data Quality Method: Data are uploaded as HEX files, converted to CNV using SBE Data Processing Software, and converted to CSV using the 'oce' package in R..
  • Parameter or Variable: DEPTH - BOTTOM (calculated); Units: meter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD - moored CTD.
  • Parameter or Variable: SIGMA-T (calculated); Units: kilogram/meter^3; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD - moored CTD; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated sigma-t density value, the density of seawater at atmospheric pressure minus 1000..
  • Parameter or Variable: SALINITY - BOTTOM WATER (calculated); Units: practical salinity unit; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD - moored CTD.
  • Parameter or Variable: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC) (measured); Units: micromole/kilogram; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: programmable underwater collector (PUC); Sampling and Analyzing Method: PUCs are computerized timers attached to a low-power peristaltic pump. An array of PUCs collects water samples at 4-hour intervals over a 24-hour period. Samples are collected underwater in tedlar bags pre-poisoned with mercuric chloride and transferred to glass bottles within a few hours of recovery. Water samples are analyzed for DIC and TA by the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory..
  • Parameter or Variable: ALKALINITY - TOTAL [total alkalinity] (measured); Units: micromole/kilogram; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: programmable underwater collector (PUC); Sampling and Analyzing Method: PUCs are computerized timers attached to a low-power peristaltic pump. An array of PUCs collects water samples at 4-hour intervals over a 24-hour period. Samples are collected underwater in tedlar bags pre-poisoned with mercuric chloride and transferred to glass bottles within a few hours of recovery. Water samples are analyzed for DIC and TA by the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory..
  • Parameter or Variable: pH (calculated); Units: unitless; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: programmable underwater collector (PUC) and moored CTD; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated from measured DIC and TA from PUC water samples, and from temperature, salinity and pressure from the CTD (pressure from the ADCP was used in 2016)..
  • Parameter or Variable: partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water (calculated); Units: unitless; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: programmable underwater collector (PUC) and moored CTD; Sampling and Analyzing Method: pCO2: Calculated from measured DIC and TA from PUC water samples, and from temperature, salinity and pressure from the CTD (pressure from the ADCP was used in 2016)..
  • Parameter or Variable: ARAGONITE SATURATION STATE (calculated); Units: unitless; Observation Category: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: programmable underwater collector (PUC) and moored CTD; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated from measured DIC and TA from PUC water samples, and from temperature, salinity and pressure from the CTD (pressure from the ADCP was used in 2016)..
  • Parameter or Variable: pH (measured); Units: unitless; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: pH sensors; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The SeaFET pH measures in-situ pH using a solid state ISFET sensor with an AgCl external reference electrode. The electrode is conditioned in running seawater up to a week prior to deployment and stored in artificial seawater between deployments. pH data are collected in bursts of 30 measurements every 2 or 5 minutes. The SeaFET is co-deployed with a CTD. The SeaFET derives pH from both internal and external potentiometric cells, but only external pH is reported.; Data Quality Method: Temperature and salinity values from the CTD time series are used to correct the raw pH time series. SeaFET pH values are compared to pH values calculated from discrete TA and DIC samples collected at the same time and location..
  • Parameter or Variable: CURRENT SPEED (calculated); Units: meters per second; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: ADCP; Sampling and Analyzing Method: ADCP measurements were collected at 2- or 10-minute intervals and binned by height above the sensor. Each height bin is represented in the data set as the upper limit of the bin height above the sensor on the seafloor (e.g., a 1.4 m bin represents current data collected between 0.4 m and 1.4 m above the ADCP). ADCP data include a blanking region, or a small distance in front of the transducer in which measurements cannot be made, of 0.2-0.4 m. Current data were typically grouped into 1-m height bins, but smaller bin sizes (0.25 - 0.5m) were used for shallower deployments. Raw data downloaded from the ADCP are processed in R using the oce package. XYZ coordinate data are converted to ENU (east-north-up) coordinate system. Current speed is calculated as the square root of the sum of the squared u and v velocities and direction as the arctan(v/u).; Data Quality Method: Data are trimmed to a maximum height bin for each time step using pressure data to remove above-water signal. As a result, NULL values may exist for larger height bins above the surface of the water due to waves and tides..
  • Parameter or Variable: CURRENT DIRECTION (measured); Units: degree; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: ADCP; Sampling and Analyzing Method: ADCP measurements were collected at 2- or 10-minute intervals and binned by height above the sensor. Each height bin is represented in the data set as the upper limit of the bin height above the sensor on the seafloor (e.g., a 1.4 m bin represents current data collected between 0.4 m and 1.4 m above the ADCP). ADCP data include a blanking region, or a small distance in front of the transducer in which measurements cannot be made, of 0.2-0.4 m. Current data were typically grouped into 1-m height bins, but smaller bin sizes (0.25 - 0.5m) were used for shallower deployments. Raw data downloaded from the ADCP are processed in R using the oce package. XYZ coordinate data are converted to ENU (east-north-up) coordinate system.; Data Quality Method: Data are trimmed to a maximum height bin for each time step using pressure data to remove above-water signal. As a result, NULL values may exist for larger height bins above the surface of the water due to waves and tides..
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • ADCP
  • Coulometer for DIC measurement
  • CTD - moored CTD
  • pH sensors
  • titrator
Platform
  • NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai
  • NOAA Ship Oscar Elton Sette
Last Modified: 2020-12-23T15:06:13Z
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