U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters, 1980 - present (NCEI Accession 0209268)


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        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters, 1980 - present (NCEI Accession 0209268)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2020-03-17
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                date:  2021-07-14
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                  Anchor:  DOI 10.25921/stkw-7w73
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        abstract:  This NCEI accession contains U.S. disaster cost assessments of the total, direct losses ($) inflicted by: tropical cyclones, inland floods, drought & heat waves, severe local storms (i.e., tornado, hail, straight-line wind damage), wildfires, crop freeze events and winter storms. These assessments require input from a variety of public and private data sources including: the Insurance Services Office (ISO) Property Claim Services (PCS), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and Presidential Disaster Declaration (PDD) assistance, and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) & Risk Management Agency (RMA), the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC) and state agency reporting, among others. Each of these data sources provides unique information as part of the overall disaster loss assessment. This accession is updated quarterly.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
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            keyword:  Consumer Price Index (CPI)
            keyword:  death
            keyword:  disaster
            keyword:  natural hazards
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            keyword:  Arizona Severe Weather (October 2010)
            keyword:  Arkansas River Flooding (June 2019)
            keyword:  Blizzard/Floods (January 1996)
            keyword:  California Flooding (February 2017)
            keyword:  California Flooding (January-March 1995)
            keyword:  California Flooding and Severe Weather (January 2021)
            keyword:  California Freeze (December 1990)
            keyword:  California Freeze (December 1998)
            keyword:  California Freeze (January 2007)
            keyword:  California Wildfires (Fall 1993)
            keyword:  California Wildfires (Fall 2003)
            keyword:  California and Alaska Wildfires (Summer-Fall 2019)
            keyword:  Central Severe Weather (April 2014)
            keyword:  Central Severe Weather (July 2020)
            keyword:  Central Severe Weather (May 2019)
            keyword:  Central Severe Weather (October 2006)
            keyword:  Central Severe Weather - Derecho (August 2020)
            keyword:  Central Tornadoes and Severe Weather (May 2009)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Severe Weather (May 2018)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Severe Weather (May 2020)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Tornadoes and Severe Weather (July 2018)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Winter Storm (January 1999)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Winter Storm (January 2018)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Winter Storm (Mid-January 1999)
            keyword:  Central and Eastern Winter storm, Cold Wave (February 2015)
            keyword:  Central and Northeast Severe Weather (June 2015)
            keyword:  Central and Northeastern Severe Weather (May 2018)
            keyword:  Central, Southern and Eastern Severe Weather (April 2020)
            keyword:  Central, Southern and Northeast Drought/Heatwave (September 1995)
            keyword:  Central/Eastern Drought/Heatwave (Summer-Fall 1980)
            keyword:  Central/Southeast Tornado Outbreak (March 2017)
            keyword:  Colorado Flooding (September 2013)
            keyword:  Colorado Hail Storm (July 1990)
            keyword:  Colorado Hail Storm (July 2009)
            keyword:  Colorado Hail Storm (June 2018)
            keyword:  Colorado Hail Storm and Central Severe Weather (May 2017)
            keyword:  Colorado Hail Storms (July 2019)
            keyword:  East Coast Blizzard and Severe Weather (March 1993)
            keyword:  East/South Flooding and Severe Weather (May 2010)
            keyword:  East/South Severe Weather and Flooding (April 2007)
            keyword:  Eastern Drought/Heatwave (Summer 1999)
            keyword:  Eastern Severe Weather (March 2021)
            keyword:  Eastern Tornadoes and Severe Storms (November 2002)
            keyword:  Florida Freeze (December 1989)
            keyword:  Florida Freeze (January 1981)
            keyword:  Florida Freeze (January 1985)
            keyword:  Freeze, Cold Wave (December 1983)
            keyword:  Groundhog Day Blizzard (February 2011)
            keyword:  Gulf States Storms and Flooding (December 1982-January 1983)
            keyword:  Hail, Tornadoes (April 1992)
            keyword:  Houston Flooding (April 2016)
            keyword:  Hurricane Alicia (August 1983)
            keyword:  Hurricane Allen (August 1980)
            keyword:  Hurricane Andrew (August 1992)
            keyword:  Hurricane Bob (August 1991)
            keyword:  Hurricane Bonnie (August 1998)
            keyword:  Hurricane Charley (August 2004)
            keyword:  Hurricane Delta (October 2020)
            keyword:  Hurricane Dennis (July 2005)
            keyword:  Hurricane Dolly (July 2008)
            keyword:  Hurricane Dorian (September 2019)
            keyword:  Hurricane Elena (September 1985)
            keyword:  Hurricane Erin (August 1995)
            keyword:  Hurricane Florence (September 2018)
            keyword:  Hurricane Floyd (September 1999)
            keyword:  Hurricane Fran (September 1996)
            keyword:  Hurricane Frances (September 2004)
            keyword:  Hurricane Georges (September 1998)
            keyword:  Hurricane Gloria (September 1985)
            keyword:  Hurricane Gustav (September 2008)
            keyword:  Hurricane Hanna (July 2020)
            keyword:  Hurricane Harvey (August 2017)
            keyword:  Hurricane Hugo (September 1989)
            keyword:  Hurricane Ike (September 2008)
            keyword:  Hurricane Iniki (September 1992)
            keyword:  Hurricane Irene (August 2011)
            keyword:  Hurricane Irma (September 2017)
            keyword:  Hurricane Isaac (August 2012)
            keyword:  Hurricane Isabel (September 2003)
            keyword:  Hurricane Isaias (August 2020)
            keyword:  Hurricane Ivan (September 2004)
            keyword:  Hurricane Jeanne (September 2004)
            keyword:  Hurricane Juan (October 1985)
            keyword:  Hurricane Katrina (August 2005)
            keyword:  Hurricane Laura (August 2020)
            keyword:  Hurricane Lili (October 2002)
            keyword:  Hurricane Maria (September 2017)
            keyword:  Hurricane Marilyn (September 1995)
            keyword:  Hurricane Matthew (October 2016)
            keyword:  Hurricane Michael (October 2018)
            keyword:  Hurricane Opal (October 1995)
            keyword:  Hurricane Rita (September 2005)
            keyword:  Hurricane Sally (September 2020)
            keyword:  Hurricane Sandy (October 2012)
            keyword:  Hurricane Wilma (October 2005)
            keyword:  Hurricane Zeta (October 2020)
            keyword:  Illinois Flooding and Severe Weather (April 2013)
            keyword:  Louisiana Flooding (August 2016)
            keyword:  Louisiana Flooding and Central Severe Weather (May 2021)
            keyword:  Michigan and Northeast Flooding (August 2014)
            keyword:  Midwest Drought (Spring-Summer 2005)
            keyword:  Midwest Flooding (Summer 1993)
            keyword:  Midwest Flooding (Summer 2008)
            keyword:  Midwest Severe Weather (August 2013)
            keyword:  Midwest Severe Weather (June 2017)
            keyword:  Midwest Tornado Outbreak (March 2017)
            keyword:  Midwest Tornadoes (April 2006)
            keyword:  Midwest Tornadoes (April 2012)
            keyword:  Midwest Tornadoes and Severe Weather (May 2008)
            keyword:  Midwest and Ohio Valley Severe Weather (March 2020)
            keyword:  Midwest, South and East Severe Weather (June 2009)
            keyword:  Midwest/Mid-Atlantic Severe Weather (June 2008)
            keyword:  Midwest/Northeast Severe Storms and Flooding (July 2010)
            keyword:  Midwest/Ohio Valley Hail and Tornadoes (April 2001)
            keyword:  Midwest/Ohio Valley Severe Weather (April 2015)
            keyword:  Midwest/Ohio Valley Severe Weather (April-May 2012)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains Severe Weather (April 2013)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains Severe Weather (July 2003)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains Tornadoes (April 1994)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains/East Tornadoes (May 2013)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains/Northeast Tornadoes (May 2013)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains/Southeast Drought (Spring-Summer 2006)
            keyword:  Midwest/Plains/Southeast Tornadoes (April 1982)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast Severe Weather (August 2011)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast Tornadoes (April 2011)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast Tornadoes (April 6-8, 2006)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast Tornadoes (March 2009)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast Tornadoes (May 2011)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather (June 2011)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast/Northeast Tornadoes and Flooding (April 2014)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast/Northeast Winter Storm (January 2014)
            keyword:  Midwest/Southeast/Northeast Winter Storm, Cold Wave (January 1982)
            keyword:  Minnesota Hail Storm and Upper Midwest Severe Weather (June 2017)
            keyword:  Minnesota Severe Storms/Hail (May 1998)
            keyword:  Mississippi River flooding (April-May 2011)
            keyword:  Mississippi River, Midwest and Southern Flooding (July 2019)
            keyword:  Mississippi and Ohio Valley Severe Weather and Flooding (March 1997)
            keyword:  Missouri River and North Central Flooding (March 2019)
            keyword:  Missouri River flooding (May-June 2011)
            keyword:  Missouri and Arkansas Flooding and Central Severe Weather (May 2017)
            keyword:  North Central and Ohio Valley Hail Storms and Severe Weather (April 2020)
            keyword:  North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana Drought (Spring-Fall 2017)
            keyword:  North Texas Hail Storm (March 2016)
            keyword:  North/Central Texas Hail Storm (April 2016)
            keyword:  Northeast Flooding (June 2006)
            keyword:  Northeast Flooding (March 2010)
            keyword:  Northeast Ice Storm (January 1998)
            keyword:  Northeast Winter Storm (December 1992)
            keyword:  Northeast Winter Storm (February 2010)
            keyword:  Northeast Winter Storm (March 2018)
            keyword:  Northern Plains Drought (Summer-Fall 1989)
            keyword:  Northern Plains Flooding (Spring 1997)
            keyword:  Northern Plains and Ohio Valley Severe Weather (July 1993)
            keyword:  Northwest, Central, Eastern Winter Storm and Cold Wave (February 2021)
            keyword:  Numerous Wildfires (2006)
            keyword:  Oakland Firestorm (October 1991)
            keyword:  Ohio Valley Tornadoes (November 2013)
            keyword:  Ohio Valley/South Tornadoes (April 2011)
            keyword:  Oklahoma and Kansas Tornadoes (May 1999)
            keyword:  Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas Tornadoes and Severe Weather (May 2010)
            keyword:  Pacific Northwest Severe Flooding (February 1996)
            keyword:  Plains Severe Weather (April 2014)
            keyword:  Plains Tornadoes and Central Severe Weather (May 2016)
            keyword:  Plains/East/Northeast Severe Weather (June-July 2012)
            keyword:  Rockies and Midwest Severe Weather (July 2011)
            keyword:  Rockies and Northeast Severe Weather (July 2016)
            keyword:  Rockies and Plains Hail Storms (August 2018)
            keyword:  Rockies, Central and Northeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather (May 2019)
            keyword:  Rockies/Central Plains Severe Weather (June 2014)
            keyword:  Rockies/Central Tornadoes and Severe Weather (May 2016)
            keyword:  Rockies/Central/East Severe Weather (June 2010)
            keyword:  Rockies/Midwest/Eastern Severe Weather (May 2014)
            keyword:  Rockies/Plains Severe Weather (September 2014)
            keyword:  Rockies/Southwest Severe Weather (June 2012)
            keyword:  Severe Storms (June 1982)
            keyword:  Severe Storms (March 1992)
            keyword:  Severe Storms (May 1989)
            keyword:  Severe Storms and Hail (June 1984)
            keyword:  Severe Storms and Tornadoes (April 2002)
            keyword:  Severe Storms and Tornadoes (March 2006)
            keyword:  Severe Storms, Flash Floods, Hail, Tornadoes (May 1981)
            keyword:  Severe Storms, Hail (June 1992)
            keyword:  Severe Storms, Hail, Tornadoes (May 2004)
            keyword:  Severe Storms, Tornadoes (June 1998)
            keyword:  Severe Storms, Tornadoes (March 1991)
            keyword:  Severe Storms/Hail (April 2003)
            keyword:  Severe Storms/Tornadoes (May 2003)
            keyword:  Severe Weather (July 2003)
            keyword:  South Carolina and East Coast Flooding (October 2015)
            keyword:  South Florida Flooding (October 2000)
            keyword:  South Plains Severe Weather (May 1995)
            keyword:  South Texas Hail Storms (May 2020)
            keyword:  South and Southeast Severe Weather (April 2015)
            keyword:  South and Southeast Severe Weather (May 2019)
            keyword:  South, Central and Eastern Severe Weather (May 2020)
            keyword:  South, East and Northeast Severe Weather (February 2020)
            keyword:  South/Southeast Severe Weather (April 2015)
            keyword:  South/Southeast Severe Weather (March 2017)
            keyword:  South/Southeast Severe Weather and Tornadoes (April 2009)
            keyword:  South/Southeast Tornadoes (April 2016)
            keyword:  Southeast Drought (Summer 1983)
            keyword:  Southeast Drought/Heat Wave (Summer 1993)
            keyword:  Southeast Drought/Heatwave (Summer 1986)
            keyword:  Southeast Freeze (March 2017)
            keyword:  Southeast Ice Storm (February 1994)
            keyword:  Southeast Severe Weather (March 2005)
            keyword:  Southeast Severe Weather (March 2013)
            keyword:  Southeast Severe Weather (November 1992)
            keyword:  Southeast Tornadoes (March 2008)
            keyword:  Southeast Tornadoes and Northern Storms and Flooding (January 2020)
            keyword:  Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather (February 2008)
            keyword:  Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather (March 2021)
            keyword:  Southeast Winter Storm (January 2000)
            keyword:  Southeast and Eastern Tornado Outbreak (April 2020)
            keyword:  Southeast and Eastern Tornadoes (February 2016)
            keyword:  Southeast, Ohio Valley and Northeast Severe Weather (February 2019)
            keyword:  Southeast/Midwest Tornadoes (April 2011)
            keyword:  Southeast/Ohio Valley Severe Weather (February 2009)
            keyword:  Southeast/Ohio Valley Tornadoes (March 2012)
            keyword:  Southeast/Ohio Valley/Midwest Tornadoes (April 2011)
            keyword:  Southeastern Tornadoes and Severe Weather (March 2018)
            keyword:  Southern Drought/Heat Wave (Summer 1998)
            keyword:  Southern Flooding (May 1990)
            keyword:  Southern Plains Drought (Spring-Summer 1996)
            keyword:  Southern Plains Tornadoes (May 2015)
            keyword:  Southern Plains/Midwest/Northeast Severe Weather (May 2012)
            keyword:  Southern Plains/Southwest Drought and Heat Wave (Spring-Summer 2011)
            keyword:  Southern Severe Storms and Flooding (April 1980)
            keyword:  Southern Severe Weather (April 2008)
            keyword:  Southern Severe Weather (April 2020)
            keyword:  Southern Severe Weather (February 2013)
            keyword:  Southern Severe Weather (March 2000)
            keyword:  Southern Severe Weather (March 2016)
            keyword:  Southern Tornado Outbreak and Western Storms (January 2017)
            keyword:  Southern and Eastern Tornadoes and Severe Weather (April 2018)
            keyword:  Southern and Eastern Tornadoes and Severe Weather (April 2019)
            keyword:  Southwest/Great Plains Drought (2009)
            keyword:  Southwest/Southern Plains Drought (Summer-Fall 2018)
            keyword:  Spring Freeze (April 2007)
            keyword:  Tennessee Tornadoes and Southeast Severe Weather (March 2020)
            keyword:  Texas Flooding (October 1994)
            keyword:  Texas Flooding (October 1998)
            keyword:  Texas Hail Storm (June 2018)
            keyword:  Texas Hail Storm (March 2019)
            keyword:  Texas Hail Storms (April 2021)
            keyword:  Texas Tornadoes (April 2012)
            keyword:  Texas Tornadoes and Central Severe Weather (October 2019)
            keyword:  Texas Tornadoes and Midwest Flooding (December 2015)
            keyword:  Texas and Louisiana Flooding (March 2016)
            keyword:  Texas and Oklahoma Flooding and Severe Weather (May 2015)
            keyword:  Texas and Oklahoma Severe Weather (April 2021)
            keyword:  Texas, New Mexico, Arizona Wildfires (Summer-Fall 2011)
            keyword:  Tornadoes, Severe Storms, Floods (Spring 1984)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Alberto (July 1994)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Allison (June 2001)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Eta (November 2020)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Frances (September 1998)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Imelda (September 2019)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Isidore (September 2002)
            keyword:  Tropical Storm Lee (September 2011)
            keyword:  U.S. Drought (2008)
            keyword:  U.S. Drought (Spring-Fall 2002)
            keyword:  U.S. Drought (Spring-Summer 1991)
            keyword:  U.S. Drought/Heatwave (2012)
            keyword:  U.S. Drought/Heatwave (Summer 1988)
            keyword:  U.S. Wildfires (Fall 2008)
            keyword:  Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland Flooding (November 1985)
            keyword:  West Coast Flooding (December 1996-January 1997)
            keyword:  West Virginia Flooding and Ohio Valley Tornadoes (June 2016)
            keyword:  West/Northeast/Southeast Drought (2016)
            keyword:  Western Drought (2014)
            keyword:  Western Drought (2015)
            keyword:  Western Drought and Heatwave (June 2021)
            keyword:  Western Fire Season (Fall 2002)
            keyword:  Western Fire Season (Spring-Summer 2000)
            keyword:  Western Fire Season (Summer-Fall 1994)
            keyword:  Western Severe Storms and Flooding (February 1986)
            keyword:  Western Storms and Flooding (December 1982-March 1983)
            keyword:  Western Wildfires (Summer 2007)
            keyword:  Western Wildfires (Summer-Fall 2009)
            keyword:  Western Wildfires (Summer-Fall 2012)
            keyword:  Western Wildfires - California, Oregon, Washington Firestorms (Fall 2020)
            keyword:  Western Wildfires, California Firestorm (Summer-Fall 2017)
            keyword:  Western Wildfires, California Firestorm (Summer-Fall 2018)
            keyword:  Western and Alaskan Wildfires (Summer-Fall 2015)
            keyword:  Western, Central and Northeast Severe Weather (January 2008)
            keyword:  Western/Central Drought and Heatwave (Summer-Fall 2020)
            keyword:  Western/Central Drought/Heatwave (Spring-Fall 2003)
            keyword:  Western/Central/Southeast Drought/Heatwave (Spring-Fall 2000)
            keyword:  Western/Eastern Drought/Heatwave (Summer-Fall 2007)
            keyword:  Western/Eastern Severe Weather and Flooding (Winter-Spring 1998)
            keyword:  Western/Plains Drought/Heatwave (Spring-Fall 2013)
            keyword:  Western/Southeast Wildfires (Summer-Fall 2016)
            keyword:  Winter Storm, Cold Wave (December 1989)
            keyword:  Winter Storm, Cold Wave (January 1985)
            keyword:  Winter Storm, Cold Wave (January 1994)
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Submitter Disaster Name Keywords
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Drought
            keyword:  Flooding
            keyword:  Freeze
            keyword:  Severe Storm
            keyword:  Tropical Cyclone
            keyword:  Wildfire
            keyword:  Winter Storm
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Submitter Disaster Type Keywords
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Alaska
            keyword:  Hawai
            keyword:  contiguous United States
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Provider Place Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Smith, Adam B. (2020). U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters, 1980 - present (NCEI Accession 0209268). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.25921/stkw-7w73. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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                title:  ISO's Property Claim Services (PCS)
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                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://pcs.iso.com/
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  ISO's Property Claim Services (PCS)
                            description:  Customer Log In Webpages
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  OpenFEMA Dataset: Public Assistance Funded Projects Details - V1
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.fema.gov/openfema-dataset-public-assistance-funded-projects-details-v1
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  OpenFEMA Dataset: Public Assistance Funded Projects Details - V1
                            description:  Metadata for the Public Assistance (PA) Funded Projects Details API data feed
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Federal Insurance & Mitigation Administration National Flood Insurance Program (FIMA NFIP) Redacted Claims Dataset
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/180374
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Federal Insurance & Mitigation Administration National Flood Insurance Program (FIMA NFIP) Redacted Claims Dataset
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  FEMA Individual Assistance data
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.fema.gov/openfema-dataset-individual-assistance-housing-registrants-large-disasters-v1
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  FEMA Individual Assistance data
                            description:  Metadata for the Individual Assistance Housing Registrants Large Disasters API data feed
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (unknown)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
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            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  U.S. Army Corp Engineers (USACE) Civil Works Business Intelligence Open API
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://navdata-test.ops.usace.army.mil/data/docs/
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  U.S. Army Corp Engineers (USACE) Civil Works Business Intelligence Open API
                            description:  Civil Works Business Intelligence Open API
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (unknown)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/Ag_Statistics/index.php
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service
                            description:  Agricultural Statistics, Annual
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (unknown)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Cause of Loss Historical Data Files
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.rma.usda.gov/SummaryOfBusiness/CauseOfLoss
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Cause of Loss Historical Data Files
                            description:  Cause of Loss Historical Data Files
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
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            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) crop acreage (including failed to plant) data
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2020
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.fsa.usda.gov/news-room/efoia/electronic-reading-room/frequently-requested-information/crop-acreage-data/index
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                            name:  United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) crop acreage (including failed to plant) data
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                    role: (unknown)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Data Sources, Trends, Accuracy and Biases
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2013
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/monitoring-content/billions/docs/smith-and-katz-2013.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Data Sources, Trends, Accuracy and Biases
                            description:  U.S. Disaster analysis
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (unknown)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Quantifying Uncertainty and Variable Sensitivity within the U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disaster Cost Estimates
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2013
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/monitoring-content/billions/docs/smith-and-matthews-2015.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Quantifying Uncertainty and Variable Sensitivity within the U.S. Billion-dollar Weather and Climate Disaster Cost Estimates
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                    role: (unknown)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng; USA
        characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) economy
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  172.4436
                eastBoundLongitude:  -66.9498
                southBoundLatitude:  5.8709
                northBoundLatitude:  71.3874
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1980-01-01
                    endPosition:  2021-06-30
        supplementalInformation:  In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/archive-management-system/OAS/bin/prd/jquery/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
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                    linkage: https://doi.org/10.25921/stkw-7w73
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  NCEI Dataset Landing Page
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
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                transferSize:
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                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
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                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2020-03-17T22:02:15Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v1.1
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/1.1
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                                    description:  published 2020-03-17T22:02:15Z
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2020-04-14T13:04:23Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v2.2
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/2.2
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                                    description:  published 2020-04-14T13:04:23Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and v3.3 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2020-09-03T21:24:19Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v3.3
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/3.3
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                                    description:  published 2020-09-03T21:24:19Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and v4.4 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2020-10-15T18:40:46Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v4.4
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/4.4
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v4.4
                                    description:  published 2020-10-15T18:40:46Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and v5.5 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2021-01-14T22:53:43Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v5.5
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
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                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/5.5
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v5.5
                                    description:  published 2021-01-14T22:53:43Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and v6.6 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2021-05-05T21:05:14Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v6.6
                        date:  (CI_Date)
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/6.6
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v6.6
                                    description:  published 2021-05-05T21:05:14Z
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and v7.7 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2021-07-14T17:02:24Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0209268 v7.7
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                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/archive/accession/0209268/7.7
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                                    description:  published 2021-07-14T17:02:24Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0209268 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian