Skip to main content
Dataset Overview | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Malo Channel, Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope and Elemental Data

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Coral and Sclerosponge
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Coral. The data include parameters of corals and sclerosponges with a geographic location of Vanuatu, Melanesia. The time period coverage is from 22 to -42 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Kilbourne, K.H.; Quinn, T.M.; Taylor, F.W.; Delcroix, T.; Gouriou, Y. (2007-03-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Malo Channel, Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope and Elemental Data. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/cfz1-nt94. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
noaa-coral-1925
Search Data
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • Native Format(s)
Ordering Instructions Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
Distributor NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
ncei.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Data Center Contact
NOAA World Data Service for Paleoclimatology
828-271-4800
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 1928 CE to 1992 CE; Date Range: 22 cal yr BP to -42 cal yr BP;
Time Period 1928 to 1992
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
West: 167.2
East: 167.2
South: -15.7
North: -15.7
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • El Nino-Southern Oscillation-related salinity variations recorded in the skeletal geochemistry of a Porites coral from Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu
    • Associated Reference published 2004
      Kilbourne, K.H.; Quinn, T.M.; Taylor, F.W.; Delcroix, T.; Gouriou, Y, 2004: El Nino-Southern Oscillation-related salinity variations recorded in the skeletal geochemistry of a Porites coral from Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. Paleoceanography, 19, , 10.1029/2004PA001033
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2007-03-01
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: Coral skeletal geochemistry offers the potential to reconstruct the sea surface salinity (SSS) history of the tropical oceans on seasonal to interannual and perhaps centennial timescales because of the strong link between variation in SSS and seawater d18O in tropical regions. We explore this potential using a monthly resolved, 65-year record of skeletal d18O and Sr/Ca variations in a Porites coral from Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. We demonstrate that El Nino-Southern Oscillation-related climate variability strongly influences coral d18O at Santo through local salinity changes associated with the position of the South Pacific Convergence Zone and the movement of its associated salinity front. Such a demonstration provides the "ground truth" data that can be used to place paleoclimate variability estimated using existing fossil coral records from this region into a modern conceptual framework. We also evaluate different methods of combining coral d18O and Sr/Ca to reconstruct SSS and conclude that the coral d18O anomaly time series provides the best fit to recent in situ SSS data at Santo.
Purpose Records of past climate and ocean environment derived from stable isotope, trace metal, and other measurements made on corals and sclerosponges. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this dataset. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Kilbourne, K.H.; Quinn, T.M.; Taylor, F.W.; Delcroix, T.; Gouriou, Y. (2007-03-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Malo Channel, Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope and Elemental Data. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/cfz1-nt94. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Kilbourne, K.H.
  • Quinn, T.M.
  • Taylor, F.W.
  • Delcroix, T.
  • Gouriou, Y.
Originators
  • Kilbourne, K.H.
  • Quinn, T.M.
  • Taylor, F.W.
  • Delcroix, T.
  • Gouriou, Y.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Biological Records > Coral Deposits
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Ocean/Lake Records > Coral Deposits
  • Earth Science > Paleoclimate > Ocean/Lake Records > Coral Deposits
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges > trace metals
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges > oxygen isotopes
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges > carbon isotopes
  • PAGES 2k Network
  • PAGES Australasia 2k
Paleoenvironmental Standard Terms (PaST) Thesaurus
  • What: age; Material: null
  • What: depth; Material: null
  • What: delta 13C; Material: Porites lutea
  • What: strontium/calcium; Material: Porites lutea
  • What: delta 18O; Material: Porites lutea
  • What: magnesium/calcium; Material: Porites lutea
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Place keywords
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean > South Pacific Ocean > Melanesia > Vanuatu > Malo Channel, Espiritu Santo Island > LATITUDE -15.7 > LONGITUDE 167.2
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Kilbourne, K.H.; Quinn, T.M.; Taylor, F.W.; Delcroix, T.; Gouriou, Y. (2007-03-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Malo Channel, Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope and Elemental Data. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://doi.org/10.25921/cfz1-nt94. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Last Modified: 2022-07-04
For questions about the information on this page, please email: ncei.info@noaa.gov