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U.S. Drought Monitor Update for April 21, 2020

U.S. Drought Monitor Update for April 21, 2020

Picture of Sedona, Arizona
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According to the April 21, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 12.3% of the United States including Puerto Rico, a slight increase from last week’s 12.1%. The worst drought categories (extreme to exceptional drought) increased from 0.1% last week to 0.4% this week.

The atmospheric circulation consisted of a strong upper-level ridge of high pressure anchored off the west coast of North America with a strong low-pressure trough over eastern Canada, stretching southwestward into the central to southwestern contiguous United States. The ridge redirected Pacific weather systems around it and weakened them, sending some weather systems eastward across Canada and a few down the western U.S. coast into the Southwest.  This pattern blocked Pacific moisture from reaching the western contiguous United States, and the northwesterly flow associated with the eastern trough sent cold and dry air masses into the central to eastern contiguous United States. 

The remnants of Pacific weather systems moved out of the Southwest and tracked along fronts stalled out over the southern Plains to Southeast where they picked up Gulf of Mexico moisture to bring above-normal precipitation to the Gulf Coast states. A few other areas had above-normal precipitation for the week, but otherwise most of the contiguous United States was drier than normal. Weekly temperatures were colder than normal across most of the contiguous United States, with only Florida and the extreme West Coast averaging warmer than normal. Drought and abnormal dryness contracted along the Gulf Coast and in parts of the northern Rockies, but expanded across parts of the West, Plains, and southern Florida.

Abnormal dryness and drought are currently affecting over 60 million people across the United States including Puerto Rico—about 19.3% of the population.

Map of U.S. drought conditions for April 21, 2020

The full U.S. Drought Monitor weekly update is available from

In addition to, you can find further information on the current drought as well as on this week’s Drought Monitor update at the National Drought Mitigation Center. See their recent news releases.

The most recent U.S. Drought Outlook is available from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center and the U.S. Department of Agriculture provides information about the drought’s influence on crops and livestock.

For additional drought information, follow #DroughtMonitor on Facebook and Twitter.

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