According to the November 17, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 39.6% of the United States including Puerto Rico, an increase from last week’s 38.6%. The worst drought categories (extreme to exceptional drought) remain the same as last week: 15.7%.
A series of strong upper-level troughs moved across the contiguous United States. Most of the energy stayed to the north, with above-normal precipitation occurring in the Pacific Northwest and Upper Midwest. The Pacific fronts and clouds that accompanied the troughs gave the West a cooler-than-normal week. As the troughs moved out from the Rockies, they pulled Canadian air masses in behind them. These Pacific and Canadian fronts swept across the central and eastern contiguous United States, bringing a cooler-than-normal week to the central and northern Plains to Great Lakes.
The Gulf of Mexico coast and East Coast were mostly dominated by an upper-level ridge, southerly flow, and warmer-than-normal temperatures. Tropical Storm Eta moved out of the Gulf early in the week, crossed Florida, and brushed the Southeast coast before moving out across the Atlantic. Eta spread tropical moisture across the eastern contiguous United States where the moisture encountered a cold front, with the result being above-normal precipitation from Florida to the Mid-Atlantic states and parts of the Northeast.
The week was drier than normal across most of the Southwest and Great Plains, the central to western Gulf coast, and parts of the Northeast. Drought conditions improved where above-normal precipitation fell in the Northwest, Midwest, and Northeast. Drought and abnormal dryness expanded or intensified in the Southwest and southern to central Plains where dry conditions persisted. Drought expansion was more than contraction, so the overall U.S. drought footprint increased this week.
Abnormal dryness and drought are currently affecting over 121million people across the United States including Puerto Rico—about 39.0% of the population
In addition to Drought.gov, you can find further information on the current drought as well as on this week’s Drought Monitor update at the National Drought Mitigation Center.
The most recent U.S. Drought Outlook is available from NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center and the U.S. Department of Agriculture provides information about the drought’s influence on crops and livestock.